Cardium asiaticum [Status Unaccepted]   Bruguiere,  1789 (Clam)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Mollusca
Class: Bivalvia
Order:Veneroida
Family:Cardiidae

Description
Color: Shell is whitish tinged with pale yellow in the middle and suffused with fine purplish rose towards the posterior margin.

Shell thin, deep, almost perfectly equilateral, symmetrically rounded, just about as high as long and by the ribs being relatively narrower and more numerous. Surface of the ribs appear to be smooth, except for the posterior ribs which are strongly crested towards the margin, but on closer examination, the middle and the anterior ribs are observed to be entirely smooth only near the umbo, the rest of their surface being beset with minute , dot-like tubercles of which only a single central row is conspicuous. Ribs number about 37-39 well raised, narrow and sharply separated by well defined, deep grooves. the hinge teeth are thin and sharp.


Synonym (s)

Common Name (s)
Economic Importance and Threats

Ecology
Habitat:  Rocky, Sandy, Coastal

Biogeography


• West Bengal, Digha Coast (Lat: 21.61) (Long: 87.53) INDIA
• Maharashtra, Malvan (Lat: 16.07) (Long: 73.47) INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Krusadai Island (Lat: 9.23) (Long: 79.22) INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Apte,D (1998) The book of Indian shells Oxford University Press 115
  • Venkatraman, K; Srinivasan, M; Satyanarayana, CH and Prabhakar D (2002) Faunal diversity of Gulf of Mannar biosphere reserve Conservation area series 15 ZSI 77 pp; VIII pla Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Ramakrishna; Sarkar, J and Talukdar, S (2003) Marine invertebrates of Digha coast and some recomendations on their conservation Records of the Zoological Survey of India ZSI, Kolkata 101(3-4) 1 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Nagabhushanam, AK and Krishnan, S (1993) Observations on the distribution of some of the marine organism inhabiting the inter-tidal zone along the western continental shelf of the Bay of Bengal, with particular reference to the Tamil Nadu coastal strip Records of the Zoological Survey of India 93(3-4) 449-490 Available at - ZSI, Pune
  • Goswami, BCB (1992) Marine fauna of Digha coast of West Bengal, India Journal of Marine Biological Association of India The Marine Biological Association of India, Cochin 34 115-137 Available at - NIO, RC Kochi
  • Tike, MJ; Samant, JS; Mohite, SA (2009) Diversity status of minor fish and shellfish along Malvan coast, Maharshtra Indian Journal of Applied and Pure Biology Indian Journal of Applied and Pure Biology, India 24(2) 441-448 Available at - http://nicmas.nio.org/eprints11/Indian_J_Appl_Pure_Biol_24_441.pdf
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Satyamurti, ST (1956) The Mollusca of Krusadai island in the Gulf of Mannar II.- Scaphopoda, Pelecypoda and Cephalopoda Bulletin of the Madras Government 1(2) 202 pp Available at - NIO, Goa

Page last updated on:2013-01-03

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