Harpa conoidalis [Status Unaccepted]   Lamarck,  1822 (Sea Snail)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Gastropoda

Color: The interior of the aperture is whitish, tinged with smoky brown. The coloration however is subjected to considerable variation.

The shell is large, brightly colored and exquisitely polished. The strong, broadly rounded transpiral ribs are rather widely spaced, smooth, glossy and pale fleshy brown marked with darker brown transverse lines and bars. The ribs are strongly spined a little below the suture. The broad interspaces between the ribs and traversed by fine, close-set, transpiral striae and are ornamented with a characteristic festooned pattern of brownish lines. The columella is smooth and brilliantly polished and bears a large, diffused, chestnut blotch.

Synonym (s)
Harpa conoidalis Crichton, 1941
Harpa conoidalis Gravely, 1942
Harpa conoidalis Lamarck, 1845
Harpa conoidalis Reeve, 1843
Harpa davidis Roding, 1798

Common Name (s)
• Common Harp
Economic Importance and Threats



• Tamil Nadu, Parangipettai Coast (Lat: 11.48) (Long: 79.77) INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Pamban (Lat: 9.25) (Long: 79.33) INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Parangipettai Coast INDIA (Record: 1998)
• Kerala, Neendakara INDIA
• Kerala, Kochi, Sakthikulangara INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Apte,D (1998) The book of Indian shells Oxford University Press 115
  • Venkatraman, K; Srinivasan, M; Satyanarayana, CH and Prabhakar D (2002) Faunal diversity of Gulf of Mannar biosphere reserve Conservation area series 15 ZSI 77 pp; VIII pla Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Rajagopal, S; Khan, SA; Srinivasan, M and Shanmugam, A (1998) Gastropods of Parangipettai coast Annamalai University 38 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Nagabhushanam, AK and Krishnan, S (1993) Observations on the distribution of some of the marine organism inhabiting the inter-tidal zone along the western continental shelf of the Bay of Bengal, with particular reference to the Tamil Nadu coastal strip Records of the Zoological Survey of India 93(3-4) 449-490 Available at - ZSI, Pune
  • Fernando, AS and Fernando, OJ (2002) A field guide to the common invertebrates of the east coast of India Centre of Advanced Study in Marine Biology 1-258 Available at - NIO, RC Kochi
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Sharpe shells. The ocean's superstore Available at - www.specimenshells.net
  • Philip, MB and Appukuttan, KK (1995) A checklist of gastropods landed at Sakthikulangara-Neendakara area CMFRI 138 9-10 Available at - NIO, Goa

Page last updated on:2012-11-16

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