Thryssa dussumieri   (Valenciennes,  1848) (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii
Order:Clupeiformes
Family:Engraulidae

Image copyrights: Mya Than Tun

Description
Size: Maximum 12 cm SL; common to 10 cm

Color: Yellowish silvery, back dark. Sometimes a blackish spot across the nape down to the scapula. Fins hyaline, caudal margined with blackish.

Body shape elongate. Belly with 21 to 24 keeled scutes from isthmus to anus. Maxilla very long, reaching at least halfway along pectoral fin and to pelvic fin base in adults, first supra-maxilla absent, lower jaw slender. Gill rakers with serrae on the inner edge in distinct clumps. A dark blotch behind upper part of gill opening, sometimes joined to dark saddle on nape. Maxillary dilated at mandibulary joint, tapering behind and reaching nearly to the ventrals. Dorsal much nearer to caudal than to snout, its origin nearer to snout, situated far behind origin of ventrals. Anal 3-3 1/3 in length. Its origin behind end of dorsal. Ventrals about 1½ of eye, their origin midway between anal and suboperculum. Pectorals as long as head without snout, reaching ventrals. Caudal deeply incised, about 4 times in length. Small teeth on jaws, vomer, palatines, pterygoids and tongue. Eighteen flattened gillrakers, conspicuously spined at the innerside, more than twice as long as branchial filaments, a little shorter than eye. Scales thin, rather deciduous, with conspicuous vertical lines partly forming a network on the hinder part of the scale, the border of which is roughened. Abdominal scutes about 25, beginning at the throat, 10 being postventral. Dorsal spines (total): 0 - 0, Anal spines: 0, Anal soft rays: 29-37.


Synonym (s)
Engraulis auratus Day, 1865
(Junior synonym)
Engraulis dussumieri Valenciennes, 1848
(Senior synonym)
Scutengraulis dussumieri Valenciennes, 1848
(Senior synonym)
Thrissa dussumieri Valenciennes, 1848
(Senior synonym)
Thrissocles dussumieri Valenciennes, 1848
(Senior synonym)
Thryssa dussumier Valenciennes, 1848
(Senior synonym)
Thryssa dussumieri Whitehead, 1973
Thrissocles dussumieri Misra, 1976

Common Name (s)
• Dussumiers Thryssa (English)
• Neela Manangu (Kannada)
• Kela (Tamil)
• Semportuva (Tamil)
• Dussumier's Thryssa (English)
• Hamilton's Thryssa (English)
• Long Anchovy (English)
• Semporuva (Tamil)
• Nedu Manangu (Malayalam)
• Kati (Marathi)
• Dussumieri’s Anchovy (English)
• Kola
• Poruva
• Palli
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial
(Fisheries, marketed fresh or frozen, dried and salted, fish meal, fish sauce and fish ball)

Ecology
Habitat:  Pelagic, Estuarine
Trophic Level:  Secondary Consumer
Prey:  Diatoms when young and prawn larvae, copepods and cypris when larger
Predator:  Euthynnus affinis

Biogeography


• Gujarat, Gulf of Kachchh (Lat: 22.6) (Long: 69.5) INDIA
• Orissa, Mahanadi Estuary (Lat: 20.32) (Long: 86.75) INDIA
• West Bengal, Digha Coast (Lat: 21.61) (Long: 87.53) INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Chennai Coast INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Gulf of Mannar INDIA
• Kerala, Ponnani Estuary INDIA (Record: 03/1997-02/1999)
• PAKISTAN
• INDIA
• Andhra Pradesh INDIA
• Kerala INDIA
• Tamil Nadu INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Parangipettai INDIA
• West Bengal INDIA
• Orissa INDIA
• Gujarat INDIA
• Andhra Pradesh, Off Visakhapatnam (Lat: 17.73) (Long: 83.55) INDIA (Record: 04/1989-03/1990) (Depth: 50 mts)
• Arabian Sea INDIA
• West Bengal (Lat: 21.45) (Long: 87.9) INDIA

Literature Source(s)
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Page last updated on:2012-01-05

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