Conus leopardus   (Roding,  1798) (Sea Snail)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Mollusca
Class: Gastropoda
Order:Neogastropoda
Family:Conidae

Description
Size: 80-222 mm

Color: Ground colour white. Last whorl with spiral rows of dark bluish brown spots or short axial streaks. Teleoconch sutural ramps variably maculated with dark bluish brown oblique axial blotches. Aperture white.

Large and heavy; relative weight may vary by 40 %. Last whorl usually conical; outline almost straight, sometimes convex at adapical fourth. Base truncate. Shoulder angulate, occasionally subangulate. Spire of low to sometimes moderate height, outline slightly concave to slightly convex. Middle and late teleoconch sutural ramps concave, with 3 increasing to 4 - 6 spiral grooves; grooves usually faint on last ramps of large specimens. Last whorl with weak spiral ribs above base, obsolete in old specimens.

Synonym (s)
Conus millepunctatus Lamarck, 1822
Conus millepunctatus var. aldrovandi Dautzenberg, 1937
Conus pardus Link, 1807
Cucullus leopardus Roding, 1798

Common Name (s)
• Leopard Cone
Economic Importance and Threats

Ecology
Habitat:  Reef Associated,Sandy
Trophic Level:  Secondary Consumer
Prey:  Feeds exclusively on enteropneusts.

Biogeography


• Tamil Nadu, Kilakarai (Lat: 9.23) (Long: 78.83) INDIA (Record: 20/03/2002) (Depth: 32 mts)
• Tamil Nadu, Gulf of Mannar (Lat: 9.23) (Long: 78.83) INDIA (Record: 20/03/2002) (Depth: 32 mts)

Literature Source(s)
  • Apte,D (1998) The book of Indian shells Oxford University Press 115
  • OBIS Indo-Pacific molluscan database Available at - http://clade.ansp.org/obis/find_mollusk.html
  • Kohn, AJ The Conus Biodiversity website Available at - http://biology.burke.washington.edu/conus/index.php
  • Poppe, GT and Poppe, P (1996) Conchology, Inc. Conchology, Inc. Available at - http://www.conchology.be/en/home/home.php
  • Franklin, JB; Fernando, SA; Chalke, BA; Krishnan, KS (2007) Radular morphology of Conus (Gastropoda: Caenogastropoda: Conidae) from India Molluscan Research Magnolia Press 27(3) 111–122 Available at - http://www.mapress.com/mr/content/v27/2007f/n3p122.pdf
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org

Page last updated on:2012-10-15

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