Synodus variegatus   (Lacepede,  1803) (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Actinopterygii

Image copyrights: Randall, J.E.

Size: 30- 40.0 cm TL (male/unsexed).

Color: Greyish to whitish below, head with scattered dark spots, jaws barred with darker; back and sides with 9 dark cross bars, those in front of dorsal, below tip of depressed dorsal fin, just in front of adipose fin and on caudal peduncle darker than others. Dorsal, pectoral and caudal barred.

Head 3.4-3.7 in standard length, 3.9-4.4 in total length. Depth of body 6.0-6.7 in standard length, 7.0-7.8 in total length. Eye diameter 6.0-7.3 in head, 1.4-1.7 in snout and equal to concave interorbital space. Teeth in jaws in irregular rows, canine like, unequal, depressible and the inner series largest. A narrow band of canine like teeth on palate. Tongue with numerous canine like teeth, short teeth on gill arches. Dorsal origin closer to adipose fin than to tip of snout. Pectoral fin slightly longer than snout and eye, reaching to 10th or 11th scale of lateral line. Ventral fin slightly shorter than head. 19-20 predorsal scales. Number of spines and rays in the dorsal fin: ii, 10-11; number of spines and rays in the anal fin: i, 8; number of rays in the pectoral fin: ii, 11; number of spines and rays in the ventral fin: I, 7; number of scale rows along the lateral line: 59-62; number of horizontal scale rows usually counted from origin of the dorsal fin to the lateral line and from anal origin to the lateral line: 5+1+9-10.

Dioecious, external fertilization, nonguarders, open water/substratum egg scatterers.

Remarks: Values in above description denote proportions.

Synonym (s)
Salmo variegatus Lacepede, 1803
Salmo varius Lacepede, 1803
Saurida rubrotaeniata Lienard, 1891
Saurus cynodus (non Linnaeus, 1758)
Saurus synodus (non Linnaeus, 1758)
Saurus variegatus (Lacepede, 1803)
Synodus englemani (non Schultz, 1953)
Synodus houlti McCulloch, 1921
Synodus indicus (non Day, 1873)
Synodus japonicus Misra, 1976
Synodus ulae (non Schultz, 1953)
Synodus varius (Lacepede, 1803)
Saurus variegatus Weber and de Beaufort, 1913
Synodus variegatus Smith, 1949

Common Name (s)
• Valakka
• Sudng
• Variegated Lizardfish (English)
• Fowlers Lizard Fish (English)
• Pointhead Lizardfish (English)
• Red Lizardfish (English)
• Redband Lizardfish (English)
• Reef Lizardfish (English)
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial
(Fisheries, ornamental fish)

Habitat:  Reef Associated
Trophic Level:  Tertiary Consumer
Prey:  Finfish, bony fish
Predator:  Cephalopholis argus, Plectropomus leopardus, Epinephelus merra


• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Andaman Islands (Lat: 12.5) (Long: 92.75) INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Andaman Islands (Lat: 10) (Long: 93) INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Agatti INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Amini INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Kalpeni INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Kavaratti INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Kilttan INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Minicoy INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Great Nicobar Island INDIA (Record: 08/2000-07/2003)
• Lakshadweep Islands INDIA (Record: 11/1993-01/1997)

Literature Source(s)
  • Wafar, MVM (2003) Checklists of reef fauna Available at -
  • Rao, DV; Devi, K and Rajan, PT (2000) An account of ichthyofauna of Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Bay of Bengal Occasional paper no 178 Records of the Zoological Survey of India ZSI, Calcutta 1-434 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Talwar, PK and Kacker, RK (1984) Commercial sea fishes of India ZSI, Calcutta 997 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Heemstra, E; Heemstra, P; Smale, M; Hoopers, T and Pelicier, D (2004) Preliminary checklist of coastal fishes from the Mauritian island of Rodrigues Journal of natural history Taylor and Francis 38(23-24) 3315 - 3350 Available at - index/
  • Froese, R and Pauly, D (2000) Fishbase 2000: Concepts, design and data sources ICLARM 344 pp Available at -
  • Letourneur, Y; Chabanet, P; Durville, P; Taquet, M; Teissier, E; Parmentier, M; Quero, JC and Pothin, K (2004) An updated checklist of the marine fish fauna of Reunion Island, south-western Indian Ocean Cybium 28(3) 199-216
  • Wahbeh, MI and Mahasneh, DM (1987) Concentration of metals in the tissues of six species of fish from Aqaba, Jordan Dirasat 14(12) 119-129 Available at - ZOOR12500002478
  • Kuronuma, K and Abe, Y (1986) Fishes of the Arabian Gulf Fishes of the Arabian Gulf 1-356 Available at - ZOOR12500001320
  • Allen, GR (2005) Reef fishes of northwestern Madagascar RAP Bulletin of Biological Assessment 31 39-48
  • Durville, P; Chabanet, P and Quod, JP (2003) Visual Census of the Reef Fishes in the Natural Reserve of the Glorieuses Islands (Western Indian Ocean) Western Indian Ocean J. Mar. Sci. WIOMSA 2 95-104
  • Jones, S and Kumaran, M (1980) Fishes of the Laccadive Archipelago The Nature Conservation and Aquatic Sciences Service, Trivandrum, Kerala 760 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at -
  • Fischer, W and Bianchi, G (Eds.) (1984) FAO species identification sheets for fishery purposes. Western Indian Ocean (Fishing Area 51) FAO, Rome 4 Available at -
  • Rajaram, R; Srinivasan, M; Khan, SA and Kannan, L (2004) Ichthyofaunal diversity of great Nicobar Island, Bay of Bengal Journal of Indian fisheries association 31 13-26 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Jones, S. (1969) Catalogue of fishes from the Laccadive Archipelago in the reference collections of the Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute. Bulletin of Central Marine Research Institute CMFRI, Cochin 8 1-35 Available at -
  • Murty, VS (2002) Marine ornamental fish resources of Lakshadweep CMFRI Special Publication CMFRI 72 1-134 Available at -

Page last updated on:2011-05-11

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