Synodus indicus   (Day,  1873) (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Actinopterygii

Image copyrights: FAO

Size: Maximum 33 cm; common to 12 cm.

Color: 2 small pigment spots at upper distal corner of operculum. Peritoneum pale; peritoneal spots 9 to 11, average 10.4 (visible externally in larvae, present in adult on wall of peritoneum).

Body tubular, head somewhat depressed, caudal region a little compressed. Anterior palatine teeth short, not forming a discrete group; dermal flap on anterior nares long, triangular, often notched distally. Dorsal fin rays 11 to 13 (average 11.9); anal fin rays 8 to 11 (average 9.4); procurrent caudal rays 27 to 32 (average 28.7). Posterior pelvic process wide. Peritoneum pale. large cycloid scales on body, extending onto cheeks and operculum; scales above lateral line 3.5. Total vertebrae 52 to 58 (average 55.9).

Dioecious, external fertilization, nonguarders, open water or substratum egg scatterers.

Synonym (s)
Synodus dietrichi Kothaus, 1981
Synodus dietrichi Kotthaus, 1967
Saurus indicus Day, 1873

Common Name (s)
• Indian Lizard Fish (English)
• Thumbili
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial

Habitat:  Reef Associated


• Tamil Nadu, Gulf of Mannar INDIA
• Kerala INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Kadamatt Island (Lat: 11.55) (Long: 72.1) INDIA (Record: 03/1954)
• Tamil Nadu, Tuticorin INDIA
• Off South West Coast INDIA (Record: 01/1962-12/1968) (Depth: 75-450 mts)

Literature Source(s)
  • (2001) Fauna of Godavari estuary, Andhra Pradesh Estuarine ecosystem series 4 ZSI, Kolkata 1-166 Available at - ZSI, Pune
  • Cressey, R (1981) Revision of Indo-west Pacific lizardfishes of the genus Synodus (Pisces: Synodontidae) Smithsonian Contribution to Zoology 342 p 53 Available at -
  • Hussain, SM Brief report on biodiversity in the coastal areas of Pakistan p 113
  • Allen, GR and Mohammed, A (2003) Coral Reef Fishes of Indonesia Zoological Studies 42(1) 26299 Available at - Digital Information Resource Center, Pune.
  • Froese, R and Pauly, D (2000) Fishbase 2000: Concepts, design and data sources ICLARM 344 pp Available at -
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at -
  • Dr. Ramesh, R; Dr. Nammalwar, P and Dr. Gowri, VS (2008) Database on coastal information of Tamil Nadu Report Submitted to Environmental Information System (ENVIS) Centre, Department of Environment, Government of Tamil Nadu Institute for Ocean Management, Anna University, Chennai, Tamil Nadu. Available at -
  • Encyclopedia of Life Available at -
  • Fischer, W and Bianchi, G (Eds.) (1984) FAO species identification sheets for fishery purposes. Western Indian Ocean (Fishing Area 51) FAO, Rome 4 Available at -
  • Dr. Kumaraguru, AK (2000) Studies on socioeconomics of Coral Reef resource users in the Gulf of Mannar coast, South India Centre for Marine and Coastal studies School of Energy, Environment and Natural Resources Madurai Kamaraj University, Madurai, India Available at -
  • Bijukumar, A and Deepthi, GR (2009) Mean trophic index of fish fauna associated with trawl bycatch of Kerala, southwest coast of India Journal of the Marine Biological Association of India The Marine Biological Association of India, Cochin 51(2) 145 - 154 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Balan, V (1958) Notes on a visit to certain islands of the Laccadive Archipelago, with special reference to fisheries Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society Bombay Natural History Society 55 (2) 297-306 Available at -
  • Murty, VS (1969) Catalogue of fishes (excluding from the Laccadives) in the reference collections of the Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute Bulletin of Central Marine Research Institute CMFRI, Cochin 10 1-38 Available at -
  • Silas, EG (1969) Part-1 Exploratory otter trawling surveys by R.V. Varuna and other vessels operating in association with her from the continental shelf edge and the upper continental slope off the south-west coast of India Exploratory fishing by R.V. Varuna Bulletin Of Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute CMFRI, Cochin 12 7-51 Available at -
  • Bapat, SV; Deshmukh, VM; Krishnamoorthi, B; Muthiah, C; Kagwade, PV; Ramamirtham, CP; Mathew, KJ; Pillai, SK and C. Mukundan (1982) Species composition, distribution and abundance of major groups/species Fishery resources of the Exclusive Economic Zone of the NorthWest coast of India Bulletin Of Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute CMFRI, Kochi 33 1-86 Available at -
  • Pillai, PKM and Augustine, SK (2000) A code list of common marine living resources of the Indian seas CMFRI Special Publication No.12 CMFRI 1-115 Available at -

Page last updated on:2011-10-12

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