Stolephorus insularis   Hardenberg,  1933 (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii
Order:Clupeiformes
Family:Engraulidae

Image copyrights: Mya Than Tun

Description
Max. size: 8.0 cm SL

Color: Pale cream when scales lost; bright silvery stripe along flanks; two thin lines of small pigment spots along back behind dorsal fin. Fins pale yellow.

Body fusiform, somewhat compressed. Belly rounded, with 4 to 8 small needle-like scutes between pectoral and pelvic fins, a small pre-dorsal spine in some specimens, but no spine on pelvic scute. Snout short and blunt. Maxilla tip pointed, reaching to or beyond hind border of pre-operculum, the latter concave, indented near maxilla tip; muscular portion of isthmus extending beyond hind margin of gill membrane. Fine teeth on upper edge of hyoid bones. Gillrakers on lower arm of first arch 20 to 24. Dorsal fin with iii 11 to 14 rays. Anal fin with iii 16 to 20 rays, its origin under dorsal-fin base. Dorsal spines (total): 0-0, Anal spines: 0, Anal soft rays: 14-17.


Synonym (s)
Stolephorus baweanensis (Hardenberg, 1933)
Anchoviella bataviensis (Fowler, 1941)
Stolephorus insularis Talwar and Kacker, 1984
Stolephorus insularis (partim) Hardenberg, 1933
Stolephorus insularis Wongratana, 1980
Anchoviella baganensis (non Hardenberg, 1933)
(Misapplied name)
Anchoviella bataviensis (non Hardenberg, 1933)
(Misapplied name)
Stolephorus bataviensis (non Hardenberg, 1933)
(Misapplied name)
Stolephorus baweanensis Hardenberg, 1933
(Junior synonym)
Stolephorus insularis baweanensis Hardenberg, 1933
(Junior synonym)
Stolephorus insularis oceanicus Hardenberg, 1933
(Junior synonym)
Stolephorus macrops (non Hardenberg, 1933)
(Misapplied name)

Common Name (s)
• Hardenberg Anchovy (English)
• Batavian Anchovy (English)
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial
(Fisheries, marketed dried)

Ecology
Habitat:  Pelagic, Reef Associated, Coastal
Prey:  Plankton

Biogeography


• Orissa, Mahanadi Estuary (Lat: 20.32) (Long: 86.75) INDIA
• Andhra Pradesh INDIA
• Gulf of Aden
• INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Zoological Survey of India (Eds.) (1998) Fauna Of Mahanadi estuary, Orissa Estuarine ecosystem series no 3 ZSI, Kolkata 1-218 Available at - ZSI, Pune
  • (2001) Fauna of Godavari estuary, Andhra Pradesh Estuarine ecosystem series 4 ZSI, Kolkata 1-166 Available at - ZSI, Pune
  • Kuo, RS and Shao, KT (1999) Species composition of fish in the coastal zones of the Tsengwen estuary, with descriptions of five new records from Taiwan Zoological Studies 38(4) 391-404 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Tongnunui, P; Ikejima, K; Yamane, T; Horinouch, M; Medej, T; Sano, M; Kurokura, H and Taniuchi, T (2002) Fish fauna of the Sikao Creek mangrove estuary,Trang, Thailand Fisheries Science 68 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Froese, R and Pauly, D (2000) Fishbase 2000: Concepts, design and data sources ICLARM 344 pp Available at - http://www.fishbase.org
  • Tun, MT (2001) Marine fishes of Myanmar (pelagic and demersal) U Than Tun, Director-General, Department of Fisheries, Ministry of Livestock and Fisheries, Myanmar 276 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Talwar, PK and Kacker, RK (1984) Commercial sea fishes of India ZSI, Calcutta 997 pp Available at - NIO, Goa

Page last updated on:2010-04-07

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