Stolephorus commersonii [Status Unaccepted]   Lacepede,  1803 (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Actinopterygii

Image copyrights: Mya Than Tun

Max. size: 10 cm SL

Color: Brownish with a silvery lateral band, becoming widest posteriorly. Fins hyaline, caudal powdered with dark.

Maxillary moderately broadened at the mandibular joint and continued to the gillopening, where its extremity is pointed. Dorsal midway between point of snout and end of caudal, its origin nearer to base of caudal than to snout, far behind origin of ventrals. Anal 5-5 1/3 mm in length, nearly as long as head without snout, its origin below the beginning of posterior third of dorsal. Ventrals longer than eye, their origin about midway between anal and base of pectorals. Pectorals a little longer than postocular part of head, not reaching ventrals. Caudal deeply incised, 4-4 1/3 in length. Ninetten to 20 flattened gillrakers, spinulous along the innerside, more than twice as long as branchial filaments, about 3/4 of eye. Scales very deciduous, thin, with faint vertical lines, rounded behind. Seven abdominal scutes with prominent spines between pectorals and ventrals.

Dioecious, external fertilization, nonguarders, open water/substratum egg scatterers, eggs are oval with a knob.

Synonym (s)
Anchovia commersoniana (Lacepede, 1803)
Anchoviella commersonii (Lacepede, 1803)
Anchoviella holodon (non Boulenger, 1900)
Anchoviella indica (non Hasselt, 1823)
Clupea tuberculosa Lacepede, 1803
Engraulis commersonianus Day, 1878
Stolephorus commerrianus Lacepede, 1803
Stolephorus commerson Lacepede, 1803
Stolephorus commersoni Lacepede, 1803
Stolephorus commersonianus Lacepede, 1803
Stolephorus commersonii Lacepede, 1803
Stolephorus commersonii Talwar and Kacker, 1984
Stolephorus commersonnii Lacepede, 1803
Stolephorus holodon (non Boulenger, 1900)
Stolephorus indicus (non Hasselt, 1823)
Stolephorus rex Jordan & Seale, 1926
Anchovia commersoniana (Lacepede, 1803)
(Senior synonym)
Anchoviella commersonii (Lacepede, 1803)
(Senior synonym)
Clupea tuberculosa Lacepede, 1803
(Junior synonym)
Stolephorus commersonii Lacepede, 1803
(Senior synonym)
Stolephorus commersonnii Lacepede, 1803
(Senior synonym)
Stolephorus indicus (non Hasselt, 1823)
(Misapplied name)
Stolephorus rex Jordan & Seale, 1926
(Junior synonym)

Common Name (s)
• Tropical Anchovy (English)
• Teri Anchovy (English)
• Commersons Anchovy (English)
• Netholi (Tamil)
• Nethili (Tamil)
• Kelba (Telugu)
• Purasa (Telugu)
• Churali Patua
• Commerson's Anchovy (English)
• Chauli
• Chwali Patwa (Oriya)
• Kella (Telugu)
• Nethali Nethodi (Malayalam)
• Kolla (Kannada)
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial
(Marketed, dried and salted, make fish sauce, fish ball, fish meal)

Habitat:  Pelagic, Estuarine, Coastal
Trophic Level:  Secondary Consumer
Prey:  Feeds on surface plankton, primarily copepods and prawn larvae


• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Andaman Islands (Lat: 10) (Long: 93) INDIA
• Orissa, Chilika Lake INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Chennai Coast INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Gulf of Mannar INDIA
• Orissa, Chilika INDIA
• Andhra Pradesh, Lawsons Bay INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Great Nicobar Island INDIA (Record: 08/2000-07/2003)
• Kerala, Calicut INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands INDIA
• West Bengal (Lat: 21.45) (Long: 87.9) INDIA
• Tamil Nadu INDIA
• Andhra Pradesh, Kakinada Coast INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands (Lat: 13.75) (Long: 94.25) INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands (Lat: 6.75) (Long: 92.16) INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Adyar Backwaters INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Cooum Estuary (Lat: 13.16) (Long: 80.26) INDIA

Literature Source(s)
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  • Rama Rao, KV (1995) Pisces Wetland ecosystem series 1: Fauna of Chilika lake ZSI, Calcutta 483-506 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Zoological Survey of India (Eds.) (1998) Fauna Of Mahanadi estuary, Orissa Estuarine ecosystem series no 3 ZSI, Kolkata 1-218 Available at - ZSI, Pune
  • (2001) Fauna of Godavari estuary, Andhra Pradesh Estuarine ecosystem series 4 ZSI, Kolkata 1-166 Available at - ZSI, Pune
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  • Ocean Biogeographic Information System Available at -
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  • Tongnunui, P; Ikejima, K; Yamane, T; Horinouch, M; Medej, T; Sano, M; Kurokura, H and Taniuchi, T (2002) Fish fauna of the Sikao Creek mangrove estuary,Trang, Thailand Fisheries Science 68 Available at - NCL, Pune
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  • Froese, R and Pauly, D (2000) Fishbase 2000: Concepts, design and data sources ICLARM 344 pp Available at -
  • Marine Biological Station, Chennai, Tamil Nadu (2003) Checklist of marine fauna of Tamil Nadu Department of Environment, Government of Tamil Nadu Available at -
  • Dr. Ramesh, R; Dr. Nammalwar, P and Dr. Gowri, VS (2008) Database on coastal information of Tamil Nadu Report Submitted to Environmental Information System (ENVIS) Centre, Department of Environment, Government of Tamil Nadu Institute for Ocean Management, Anna University, Chennai, Tamil Nadu. Available at -
  • Satapathy, D and Panda, S (2009) Fish atlas of Chilika Chilika Development Authority, Bhubaneswar 74 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Talwar, PK and Kacker, RK (1984) Commercial sea fishes of India ZSI, Calcutta 997 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Rajaram, R; Srinivasan, M; Khan, SA and Kannan, L (2004) Ichthyofaunal diversity of great Nicobar Island, Bay of Bengal Journal of Indian fisheries association 31 13-26 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Murty, VS (1969) Catalogue of fishes (excluding from the Laccadives) in the reference collections of the Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute Bulletin of Central Marine Research Institute CMFRI, Cochin 10 1-38 Available at -
  • Whitehead, PJP (1972) A synopsis of the clupeoid fishes of India Journal of the marine biological association of India The marine biological association of India 14(1) 160-256 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Talwar, PK (1990) Fishes of Andaman and Nicobar Islands: A synoptic survey Journal of the Andaman Science Association Andaman Science Association, Port Blair 6(2) 71-102 Available at - NIO,Goa
  • Bapat, SV; Deshmukh, VM; Krishnamoorthi, B; Muthiah, C; Kagwade, PV; Ramamirtham, CP; Mathew, KJ; Pillai, SK and C. Mukundan (1982) Species composition, distribution and abundance of major groups/species Fishery resources of the Exclusive Economic Zone of the NorthWest coast of India Bulletin Of Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute CMFRI, Kochi 33 1-86 Available at -
  • Pillai, PKM and Augustine, SK (2000) A code list of common marine living resources of the Indian seas CMFRI Special Publication No.12 CMFRI 1-115 Available at -
  • Das, P; De, SP; Bhowmik, RM; Pandit, IK; Sengupta, R; Nandi, AC; Thakurta, SC and Saha, S (2007) Piscine diversity of West Bengal Fishing chimes 27(5) 15-28 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Biswas, KP (2009) Fishes around Indian Ocean Dominant Fish Groups Occurring in Indian Coasts Daya publishing house Available at - NIO,Goa
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  • Panikkar, NK and Aiyar, RG (1937) The brackish water fauna of Madras Proceedings of the Indian Academy of Sciences, Section B Indian Academy of Sciences, Bangalore, India 6(5) 284-337 Available at - NIO, Goa

Page last updated on:2012-02-27

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