Sphyraena jello   Cuvier,  1829 (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii
Order:Perciformes
Family:Sphyraenidae

Image copyrights: Mya Than Tun

Description
Size: 50-150 cm.

Max. weight reported: 11.5 kg.

Color: Blue-black to brown above and silvery on the sides, with a dark pattern of serpentine bars reaching a little below lateral line, but no inky spots on hind part of body below lateral line (bars very distinct in young).

Body elongated with dark bars crossing lateral line, each bar oblique in upper half, but nearly vertical in lower half. Small cycloid scales cover the body. The mouth is large. Strong, pointed, flattened teeth occur in both jaws. Dorsal spines (total): 6 - 6, Dorsal soft rays (total): 9 - 9, Anal spines: 2, Anal soft rays: 7-9. The caudal fin is large and forked. Height 6.5-8.7, 8-10 in length with caudal. Head 3-3.5, 3.6-3.9 in length with caudal. Eye 5.4 (spec. of 200 mm. length)-8.5 (spec. of 920 mm. length), 2.4-3.5 (in spec. of 920 mm.) in snout, somewhat more or less than interorbital space, but in large specimens 1.8 in that space, 1.8 (spec. of 200 mm.)-5.7 (spec. of 920 mm.) in postorbital part of head. Maxillary reaching nearly to vertical through front border of eye, 2.1-2.4 in head. Angle of praeoperculum rounded, operculum with two flat flexible spines at the superior part of its hind border. A single series of compressed teeth and two distant strong canines in the upper jaw. In the lower jaw similar compressed teeth, which are directed backwards, smaller and close together in the anterior part, more distant and caninoid in the posterior part. Besides this a single strong canine at symphysis, bent backwards and fitting into an opening at the tip of the snout. Four to eight compressed canines of different length in a series on each palatine. Mandibles with a fleshy symphysial knob. Origin of first dorsal above tip of pectorals and somewhat behind origin of ventrals. Its three first spines subequal, shorter than postorbital part of head. Base of second dorsal more than twice in its distance from last spine of first dorsal. Second dorsal and anal concave, the rays decreasing in length posteriorly but the last ray besides prolonged. Origin of anal below first half of second dorsal. Pectorals somewhat pointed, about equal to postorbital part of head. Ventrals truncate, shorter than pectorals. Caudal forked, in a large specimen (see figure) the middle caudal rays are somewhat produced, through which this fin is trilobed.

Diurnal and solitary, although the young forms schools.

Remarks: Values in above description denote proportions.


Synonym (s)
Sphyraena japonica (non Cuvier, 1829)
(Misapplied)
Sphyraena jelio Cuvier, 1829
(Misspelling)
Sphyraena permisca Smith, 1956
Sphyraena qenie (non Klunzinger, 1870)
(Misapplied)
Sphyraena jello Cuvier and Valenciennes, 1829
Sphyraena jello Bleeker, 1849
Sphyraena jello Cantor, 1850
Sphyraena jello Gunther, 1860
Sphyraena jello Klunzinger, 1870
Sphyraena jello Day, 1878
Sphyraena jello Jordan and Evermann, 1920
Sphyraena jello Jordan and Seale, 1906

Common Name (s)
• Banded Barracuda (English)
• Bhungar (English)
• Snoek (English)
• Seapike (English)
• Pickhandle Sea Pike (English)
• Pickhandle Barracuda (English)
• Indian Barracuda (English)
• Giant Sea Pike (English)
• Barracuda (English)
• Pointed Finned Sea Pike (English)
• Kandai (Kannada)
• Cheelahoo (Malayalam)
• Badri (Marathi)
• Badvi (Marathi)
• Ghalse (Marathi)
• Jaban Tal (Marathi)
• Jeela (Tamil)
• Jellow (Telugu)
• Kara ooli
• Cheela (Tamil)
• Pick Handle Barracuda
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial
(Fisheries, gamefish. Marketed fresh or frozen, dried and salted, fermented or prepared as fish sauce)

Ecology
Habitat:  Pelagic, Reef Associated, Estuarine, Open Sea
Trophic Level:  Tertiary Consumer
Prey:  Benthic crustaceans, cephalopods, finfish, fish (early stages), shrimps, squids, bony fish, fish eggs/larvae, pteropods, lamellibranch larvae and gastropod larvse

Biogeography


• Maharashtra, Dahanu Creek (Lat: 19.97) (Long: 72.72) INDIA
• Maharashtra, Danda Creek (Lat: 19.6) (Long: 72.72) INDIA
• Maharashtra, Savta Creek (Lat: 19.95) (Long: 72.77) INDIA
• North Andaman Sea INDIA
• MYANMAR
• INDIA
• East Coast, Coromandel, Pulicat Lake INDIA (Record: 1997-1998)
• Tamil Nadu, Chennai Coast INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Gulf of Mannar INDIA
• Kerala INDIA
• Andhra Pradesh INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Great Nicobar Island INDIA (Record: 08/2000-07/2003)
• Kerala, Off Kochi INDIA (Record: 03/1954-07/1955)
• Tamil Nadu, Pulicat Lake INDIA
• Orissa, Dhamra Estuary INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Mandapam Camp INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands INDIA
• West Bengal (Lat: 21.45) (Long: 87.9) INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands (Lat: 13.75) (Long: 94.25) INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands (Lat: 6.75) (Long: 92.16) INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Adyar Backwaters INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Cooum Estuary (Lat: 13.16) (Long: 80.26) INDIA

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Page last updated on:2012-02-27

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