Solea elongata   Day,  1877 (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii
Order:Pleuronectiformes
Family:Soleidae

Image copyrights: Randall, J.E.

Description
Size: 12- 30 cm.

Color: Brownish or greyish, spotted or blotched darker; the markings are more distinct near the edge of the body, and often tend to form irregular vertical bands; a black blotch present on distal part of pectoral fin.

Body elongate and flat. Eyes on right side, small, separated by a scaly space, half the eye diameter; mouth small, curved, cleft reaching to below middle of lower eye. Dorsal and anal fins separated from caudal fin; pectoral fins well developed, symmetrical; pelvic fins short, symmetrical.


Synonym (s)

Common Name (s)
• Elongate Sole (English)
• Khetar
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial
(Fisheries)

Ecology
Habitat:  Reef Associated, Demersal, Rocky, Sandy
Trophic Level:  Secondary Consumer
Prey:  Bottom living invertebrates, especially small crustaceans

Biogeography


• Orissa, Mahanadi Estuary (Lat: 20.32) (Long: 86.75) INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Chennai Coast INDIA
• Goa, Marmagao Bay INDIA
• Goa, Aguada Bay INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Gulf of Mannar INDIA
• Kerala INDIA
• Gujarat, Adatra Reef INDIA
• Off South West Coast INDIA (Record: 01/1962-12/1968) (Depth: 10-75 mts)
• Gujarat INDIA
• INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Zoological Survey of India (Eds.) (1998) Fauna Of Mahanadi estuary, Orissa Estuarine ecosystem series no 3 ZSI, Kolkata 1-218 Available at - ZSI, Pune
  • Wright, JM; AbouSeedo, F and Clayton, DA (1996) Long term changes in the fish assemblage of Sulaibikhat Bay, Kuwait Kuwait Journal of Science & Engineering 232(1) 47-60 Available at - Zoological Records
  • Wright, JM (1988) Recruitment patterns and trophic relationships of fish in Sulaibikhat Bay, Kuwait Journal of Fish Biology 33(5) 671-687 Available at - Zoological records
  • Ansari, ZA; Chatterji, A; Ingole, BS; Sreepada, RA; Rivonkar, CU and Parulekar, AH (1995) Community structure and seasonal variation of an inshore demersal fish community at Goa, west coast of India Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science 41 593-610 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Froese, R and Pauly, D (2000) Fishbase 2000: Concepts, design and data sources ICLARM 344 pp Available at - http://www.fishbase.org
  • Marine Biological Station, Chennai, Tamil Nadu (2003) Checklist of marine fauna of Tamil Nadu Department of Environment, Government of Tamil Nadu Available at - http://tnenvis.nic.in
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Dr. Ramesh, R; Dr. Nammalwar, P and Dr. Gowri, VS (2008) Database on coastal information of Tamil Nadu Report Submitted to Environmental Information System (ENVIS) Centre, Department of Environment, Government of Tamil Nadu Institute for Ocean Management, Anna University, Chennai, Tamil Nadu. Available at - http://tnenvis.nic.in/PDF/coastal%20data.pdf
  • Fischer, W and Bianchi, G (Eds.) (1984) FAO species identification sheets for fishery purposes. Western Indian Ocean (Fishing Area 51) FAO, Rome 4 Available at - http://www.fao.org/docrep/009/ad468e/ad468e00.HTM#Contents
  • Bijukumar, A and Deepthi, GR (2009) Mean trophic index of fish fauna associated with trawl bycatch of Kerala, southwest coast of India Journal of the Marine Biological Association of India The Marine Biological Association of India, Cochin 51(2) 145 - 154 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Gopalakrishnan, P (1970) Some observations on the shore ecology of the Okha Coast Journal of the Marine Biological Association of India Cochin, India 120(1&2) 15-34 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Silas, EG (1969) Part-1 Exploratory otter trawling surveys by R.V. Varuna and other vessels operating in association with her from the continental shelf edge and the upper continental slope off the south-west coast of India Exploratory fishing by R.V. Varuna Bulletin Of Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute CMFRI, Cochin 12 7-51 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/657/2/Bulletin_No_12_1.pdf
  • Dholakia, AD (2004) Marine resources Fisheries and aquatic resources of India Daya publishing house 271-303 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Pillai, PKM and Augustine, SK (2000) A code list of common marine living resources of the Indian seas CMFRI Special Publication No.12 CMFRI 1-115 Available at - eprints.cmfri.org.in/3975/1/Special_Publication_No_12_Revised.pdf

Page last updated on:2011-12-12

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