Siganus stellatus   (Forsskal,  1775) (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Actinopterygii

Image copyrights: Randall, J.E.

Size: 32-40 cm.

Color: In life, greyish green with brown spots all over head and trunk. Spotted pattern extending onto all fins, including basal portion of pectoral fin rays; spots large (2 mm diameter) and crowded on trunk, producing a hexagonal lattice pattern, reducing to pin-head size toward the trailing edge of caudal fin. Perimeter of caudal fin and trailing edges of soft parts of dorsal and anal fins, yellow. A dark patch of about size of orbit, present at origin of lateral line. After death, the spots become very dark brown and the intermediate areas pale to dark lilac; trailing edges of caudal fin and soft parts of dorsal and anal fins orange.

Height 2.5. Head about 4. Eye 3.5, almost twice in snout. Upper profile of head sloping down in an almost straight line from dorsal to tip snout. First dorsal spine slightly more than eye. Third to eight dorsal spines sub equal, about as long as snout and half eye. Last spine equal to snout, much longer than first spine. Soft dorsal angular, the longest rays equal to snout and eye. First anal spine slightly longer than eye, third to seventh anal spine sub equal, equal to snout and half eye. Soft anal similar to soft dorsal. Ventrals and pectorals sub equal, as long as snout and eye. Caudal deeply forked. Height of caudal peduncle equal to eye. Spines stout, pungent only in juveniles. Preopercular angle 92A°-103A°. Strong scales cover the cheeks. Usually mid line of thorax fully scaled, but pelvic ridges sometimes without scales. Dorsal spines (total): 13 - 13, Dorsal soft rays (total): 10 - 10, Anal spines: 7, Anal soft rays: 9, Vertebrae: 13. Anterolateral glandular grooves with venom gland.

Remarks: Values in above description denote proportions.

Synonym (s)
Teuthis stellata (Forsskal, 1775)
Sparus stellatus Forsskal, 1775
Amphacanthus stellatus Bloch and Schneider, 1801
Amphacanthus punctatus Ruppell, 1828
Amphacanthus nuchalis Cuvier and Valenciennes, 1835
Amphacanthus stellatus Ruppell, 1835
Teuthis stellata Gunther, 1861
Amphacanthus stellatus Klunzinger, 1871
Teuthis stellata Day, 1875
Teuthis stellata Klunzinger, 1884
Siganus stellatus Fowler, 1928
Siganus stellatus Fowler and Bean, 1929
Scarus stellatus Forsskal, 1775
Siganus stellatus Smith, 1949
Teuthis stellata Day, 1878
Theutis stellata (Forsskal, 1775)
Amphacanthus nuchalis Valenciennes 1835
Amphacanthus stellatus (Forsskal, 1775)
Siganus laqueus von Bonde, 1934
Siganus stellatus laqueus von Bonde, 1934

Common Name (s)
• Honeycomb Rabbitfish (English)
• Stellate Rabbitfish (English)
• Starspotted Spinefoot (English)
• Spinefoot (English)
• Brownspotted Spinefoot (English)
• Vori
• Oran
• Kalloran
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial
(Fisheries, aquarium, Ornamental fish)

Habitat:  Reef Associated
Trophic Level:  Secondary Consumer
Prey:  Zooplankton, benthic algae/weeds, other plants


• Lakshadweep, Agatti INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Amini INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Bitra INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Chettalatt INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Minicoy INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Suheli INDIA
• Lakshadweep INDIA
• Red Sea
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Mahatma Gandhi Marine National Park INDIA
• Lakshadweep Islands INDIA (Record: 11/1993-01/1997)
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Wafar, MVM (2003) Checklists of reef fauna Available at -
  • Rao, DV; Devi, K and Rajan, PT (2000) An account of ichthyofauna of Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Bay of Bengal Occasional paper no 178 Records of the Zoological Survey of India ZSI, Calcutta 1-434 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • UNEP World Conservation Monitoring Centre Available at -
  • Devi, K and Rao, DV (2003) A field guide to the fishes of Acanthuridae (surgeonfishes) and Siganidae (rabbitfishes) of Andaman and Nicobar Islands 42 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • James, C; O'Farrell, S; Hamylton, S; Ingwersen, C and Walker, R The coral reef resources of Mu Ko Surin national park, Thailand Coral Cay Conservation Available at -
  • Rouphael, T; Turak, E and Jon, B Seagrasses and mangroves of Yemen's Red Sea 41-89
  • Ohman, M; Rajasuriya, A and Olafsson, E (1997) Reef fish assemblages in north western Sri Lanka: Distribution patterns and influences of fishing practises Enviornmental Biology of Fishes Kluwer Academic Publishers 49 45-61
  • Durville, P; Chabanet, P and Quod, JP (2003) Visual Census of the Reef Fishes in the Natural Reserve of the Glorieuses Islands (Western Indian Ocean) Western Indian Ocean J. Mar. Sci. WIOMSA 2 95-104
  • Allen, GR and Mohammed, A (2003) Coral Reef Fishes of Indonesia Zoological Studies 42(1) 26299 Available at - Digital Information Resource Center, Pune.
  • Froese, R and Pauly, D (2000) Fishbase 2000: Concepts, design and data sources ICLARM 344 pp Available at -
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at -
  • Beaufort, LF and Chapman, WM (1951) The fishes of the Indo-Australian Archipelago A. J. Reprints agency, Karol Bagh, New Delhi 9 484 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Jones, S and Kumaran, M (1980) Fishes of the Laccadive Archipelago The Nature Conservation and Aquatic Sciences Service, Trivandrum, Kerala 760 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Fischer, W and Bianchi, G (Eds.) (1984) FAO species identification sheets for fishery purposes. Western Indian Ocean (Fishing Area 51) FAO, Rome 4 Available at -
  • Jones, S. (1969) Catalogue of fishes from the Laccadive Archipelago in the reference collections of the Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute. Bulletin of Central Marine Research Institute CMFRI, Cochin 8 1-35 Available at -
  • Murty, VS (1996) Marine ornamental fishes of India Proceedings of the Seminar on Fisheries - A Multibillion Dollar Industry, Madras CMFRI 23-34 Available at -
  • Murty, VS (2002) Marine ornamental fish resources of Lakshadweep CMFRI Special Publication CMFRI 72 1-134 Available at -
  • Ghosh, S; Ganeshamurthy, R; Balamurugan, J and Kumar, TTA (2011) Reef fishing- An off season amusement at Lakshadweep Fishing chimes 31(1) 128-130 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Talwar, PK (1990) Fishes of Andaman and Nicobar Islands: A synoptic survey Journal of the Andaman Science Association Andaman Science Association, Port Blair 6(2) 71-102 Available at - NIO,Goa
  • Rao, DV and Devi, Kamlahttp:// (1996) Notes on rabbit fishes (Family: Siganidae) of Andaman and Nicobar islands Journal of Andaman Science Association Andaman Science Association, Central Agricultural Research Institute, Andaman, India 12 (1-2) 84-88 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Pillai, PKM and Augustine, SK (2000) A code list of common marine living resources of the Indian seas CMFRI Special Publication No.12 CMFRI 1-115 Available at -

Page last updated on:2011-12-05

Back to Search