Stichopus chloronotus   Brandt,  1835 (Sea Cucumber)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Echinodermata
Class: Holothuroidea
Order:Aspidochirotida
Family:Stichopodidae

Image copyrights: FLMNH

Description
Size: Max length 35.0 cm TL (male); common length 18.0 cm TL (male)

Max. weight reported: 400 g

Color: Almost black.

Elongate and quadrangular body tapering at ends. Dorso and ventrolateral ambulacral angles with double rows of conical papillae alternately arranged. Spicules composed of tables, 'C' shaped rods and a few rosettes.


Synonym (s)
Stichopus (Perideris) chloronotus Brandt, 1835
Stichopus chloronotus Clark and Rowe, 1971
Holothuria (Holothuria) quadrangularis Lesson, 1830
Holothuria viridis Quoy & Gaimard in Cherbonnier, 1952
Stichopus (Perideris) chloronotos Brandt, 1835
Stichopus chloronotus fuscus Pearson, 1903
Stichopus cylindricus Haacke, 1880
Stichopus hirotai Mitsukuri, 1912

Common Name (s)
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial
(Fisheries)

Ecology
Habitat:  Benthic, Coastal

Biogeography


• Andhra Pradesh, Off Visakhapatnam Coast (Lat: 17.7) (Long: 83.3) INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Gulf of Mannar INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Kiltan Island INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Krusadai Island INDIA
• SRI LANKA (Record: 1971)
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, North Reef Island INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Kiltan Island INDIA (Record: 1977-1979)
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Port Blair INDIA
• INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Chettalatt INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Kadamatt INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Amini INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Agatti INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Kavaratti INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Kalpeni INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Tikadar, BK; Daniel, A and Subbarao, NV (1986) Sea shore animals of Andaman and Nicobar Islands The Director, ZSI, Kolkatta 188 Available at - ZSI, Pune
  • Venkatraman, K; Srinivasan, M; Satyanarayana, CH and Prabhakar D (2002) Faunal diversity of Gulf of Mannar biosphere reserve Conservation area series 15 ZSI 77 pp; VIII pla Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Russell, FE and Nagabhushanam, R (1996) Minor phyla in the venomous and poisonous marine invertebrates of the Indian Ocean 1-271 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Tikader, BK and Das, AK (1985) Glimpses of animal life of Andaman and Nicobar Islands ZSI, Kolkata 1-170 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Sarma, ALN (1977) The phytal fauna of Sargassum off Visakhapatnam coast Journal of the Marine Biological Association of India Marine Biological Association of India, Ernakulam, Cochin-682 011, India 16(3) 741-755 Available at - NIO, RC, Kochi
  • Samyn, Y; VandenSpiegel, D and Massin, C (2005) Sea cucumbers of the Comoros Archipelago SPC Beche-de-mer Information Bulletin 22 14-18
  • James, DB (1985) Echinoderm fauna of the proposed national park in the gulf of Mannar Proceedings of the Symposium on endangered marine animals and parks Marine Biological Association of India, Cochin 1 403-406 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Mukhopadhyay, SK (1991) Echinodermata: Holothurioidea State fauna series 2: Fauna of Lakshadweep ZSI, Calcutta 399-413 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Florida Museum of Natural History Available at - http://www.flmnh.ufl.edu/
  • Marine Biological Station, Chennai, Tamil Nadu (2003) Checklist of marine fauna of Tamil Nadu Department of Environment, Government of Tamil Nadu Available at - http://tnenvis.nic.in
  • Dr. Ramesh, R; Dr. Nammalwar, P and Dr. Gowri, VS (2008) Database on coastal information of Tamil Nadu Report Submitted to Environmental Information System (ENVIS) Centre, Department of Environment, Government of Tamil Nadu Institute for Ocean Management, Anna University, Chennai, Tamil Nadu. Available at - http://tnenvis.nic.in/PDF/coastal%20data.pdf
  • Kumara, PBTP; Cumaranathunga, PRT and Linden, O (2005) Present status of the sea cucumber fishery in southern Sri Lanka: A resource depleted industry SPC Beche-de-mer Information Bulletin 22 24-29 Available at - http://www.spc.int/Coastfish/news/BDM/22/Terney.pdf
  • Sealifebase Available at - http://www.sealifebase.org/
  • James, DB (1985) Echinoderm fauna of the proposed National Marine Park in the Gulf of Mannar Proceedings of the symposium on endangered marine animals and marine parks Marine Biological Association of India, Cochin, India 1 403-406 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/2360/1/Article_64.pdf
  • Rao, GC; Rao, DV and Devi, K (1994) A faunal exploration of the North Reef Island sanctuary, North Andaman Journal of the Andaman Science Association Andaman Science Association, Port Blair 10(1&2) 68-81 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • George, KC; Thomas, PA; Appukuttan, KK and Gopakumar, G (1986) Ancillary living marine resources of Lakshadweep Marine Fisheries Information Service CMFRI, Cochin 68 46-50 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/4386/1/Article_13.pdf
  • James, DB. (1983) Sea cucumber and sea urchin resources and Beche-de-mer industry Mariculture potential of Andaman and Nicobar Islands-An indicative survey Bulletin of Central Marine Fisheries Institute CMFRI, Cochin 34 85-93 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/809/1/Bulletin_No_34.pdf
  • Sastry, DRK (2007) Echinodermata of India : An annotated list Records of Zoological Survey of India Occassional paper No. 271 ZSI, Kolkata 1-387 Available at - http://zsi.gov.in/checklist/Echinodermata_India_Checklist.pdf
  • James, DB (1989) Echinoderms of Lakshadweep and their zoogeography Marine living resources of the union territory of Lakshadweep: An indicative survey with suggestions for development Bulletin of Central Marine Research Institute CMFRI 43 97-144 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/8213/1/Bulletin_No_43.pdf

Page last updated on:2011-04-25

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