Holothuria pardalis   Selenka,  1867 (Sea Cucumber)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Echinodermata
Class: Holothuroidea
Order:Aspidochirotida
Family:Holothuriidae

Image copyrights: CalPhotos

Description

Synonym (s)
Holothuria (Holothuria) pardalis Panning, 1935
Holothuria (Lessonothuria) pardalis Rowe, 1969
Holothuria insignis Theel, 1886
Holothuria lineata Bell, 1884
Holothuria pardalis Selenka, 1867
Holothuria peregrina Theel, 1886
Holothuria subditiva Selenka, 1867
Lessonothuria pardalis Deichmann, 1958
Holothuria insignis Ludwig, 1875
(Junior synonym)

Common Name (s)
Economic Importance and Threats

Ecology
Habitat:  Benthic, Reef Associated, Rocky

Biogeography


• Gujarat, Gulf of Kachchh (Lat: 22.6) (Long: 69.5) INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Andaman Islands (Lat: 12.5) (Long: 92.75) INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Port Blair (Lat: 11.67) (Long: 92.75) INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Gulf of Mannar INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Kiltan Island INDIA (Record: 1977-1979)
• Gujarat, Okha Reef INDIA
• Gujarat, Adatra Reef INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Tikadar, BK; Daniel, A and Subbarao, NV (1986) Sea shore animals of Andaman and Nicobar Islands The Director, ZSI, Kolkatta 188 Available at - ZSI, Pune
  • Venkatraman, K; Srinivasan, M; Satyanarayana, CH and Prabhakar D (2002) Faunal diversity of Gulf of Mannar biosphere reserve Conservation area series 15 ZSI 77 pp; VIII pla Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Nagabhushanam, AK and Krishnan, S (1993) Observations on the distribution of some of the marine organism inhabiting the inter-tidal zone along the western continental shelf of the Bay of Bengal, with particular reference to the Tamil Nadu coastal strip Records of the Zoological Survey of India 93(3-4) 449-490 Available at - ZSI, Pune
  • Hussain, SM Brief report on biodiversity in the coastal areas of Pakistan p 113
  • Subba Rao, NV and Sastry, DRK (2005) Fauna of Marine National Park, Gulf of Kuchchh (Gujarat) ZSI 79 pp Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Samyn, Y; VandenSpiegel, D and Massin, C (2005) Sea cucumbers of the Comoros Archipelago SPC Beche-de-mer Information Bulletin 22 14-18
  • Riaz, A and Skewes, T (2005) Resource assessment of the holothurian populations in the Seychelles Beche-de-mer Information Bulletin 21 19-21 Available at - http://www.spc.int/coastfish/News/BDM/21/BDM21.pdf
  • Martens, EE and De Clerck, GG (1994) Interstitial and parasitic Platyhelminthes from the coast of the Seychelles Oceanic reefs of the Seychelles: report on a cruise of RV Tyro to the Seychelles in 1992 and 1993 National Museum of Natural History, Leiden 97-106 Available at - Zoological Records
  • Dr. Ramesh, R; Dr. Nammalwar, P and Dr. Gowri, VS (2008) Database on coastal information of Tamil Nadu Report Submitted to Environmental Information System (ENVIS) Centre, Department of Environment, Government of Tamil Nadu Institute for Ocean Management, Anna University, Chennai, Tamil Nadu. Available at - http://tnenvis.nic.in/PDF/coastal%20data.pdf
  • CalPhotos Available at - http://calphotos.berkeley.edu/
  • Sealifebase Available at - http://www.sealifebase.org/
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • George, KC; Thomas, PA; Appukuttan, KK and Gopakumar, G (1986) Ancillary living marine resources of Lakshadweep Marine Fisheries Information Service CMFRI, Cochin 68 46-50 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/4386/1/Article_13.pdf
  • Gopalakrishnan, P (1970) Some observations on the shore ecology of the Okha Coast Journal of the Marine Biological Association of India Cochin, India 120(1&2) 15-34 Available at - NIO, Goa

Page last updated on:2011-02-15

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