Actinopyga mauritiana   (Quoy & Gaimard,  1833) (Sea Cucumber)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Echinodermata
Class: Holothuroidea
Order:Aspidochirotida
Family:Holothuriidae

Image copyrights: FLMNH

Description
Size: Max length 35.0 cm TL (male); common length 20.0 cm TL (male); body wall thickness: 0.6 cm.

Max. published weight: 1,000 g

Color: The color of live specimens is brick red on the upper side and white on the lower side, In smaller forms the dorsal side has white patches on the sides. Color of bivium variable.

Body elongate, arched dorsally (bivium) and flattened ventrally (trivium). Bivium sometimes wrinkled; wider in the middle; and tapering towards both ends. Papillae on bivium long and slender. Podia numerous on trivium, stout and crowded on the radii and interadii; calcareous disc of podia around 500 micrometer in diameter. Mouth ventral, surrounded by 25 short and stout tentacles, with a large collar of long papillae at their base. Anus surrounded by 25 stout anal teeth. Calcareous ring showing large radial pieces and interradials with triangular top. Cuvierian tubules few (10), short pink, and never expelled. Trivium grains, rods bearing small spines, and denticulate pseudo-plates; dorsal tegument without grains, but with rosettes and denticulate rods; podia with some spinous rods and large rosettes. Tentacles with large rods bearing small spines.

Dioecious, external fertilization, nonguarders. Sexual reproduction takes place during warm season. A species with a high potential fecundity and early sexual maturity.


Synonym (s)
Actinopyga echinites (Jaeger, 1833)
(Misapplied name)
Holothuria mauritiana Quoy and Gaimard, 1833
Actinopyga mauritiana Mukhopadhyay and Samanta, 1983
Holothuria mauritiana Quoy & Gaimard, 1834

Common Name (s)
• Surf Redfish (English)
• Vella Vairu Pal Attai (Tamil)
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial
(Fisheries, can be used for beche-de-mer preparation)

Ecology
Habitat:  Benthic, Reef Associated, Coastal

Biogeography


• Lakshadweep (Lat: 8) (Long: 75) INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Andaman Islands (Lat: 12.5) (Long: 92.75) INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Andrott Island INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Minicoy INDIA
• SRI LANKA
• Lakshadweep, Kiltan Island INDIA (Record: 1977-1979)
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Port Blair INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Rangat Bay INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Nancowry INDIA
• INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Chettalatt INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Kilttan INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Kadamatt INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Amini INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Agatti INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Andrott INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Kavaratti INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Kalpeni INDIA
• Lakshadweep INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Gulf of Mannar INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Tikadar, BK; Daniel, A and Subbarao, NV (1986) Sea shore animals of Andaman and Nicobar Islands The Director, ZSI, Kolkatta 188 Available at - ZSI, Pune
  • Tikader, BK and Das, AK (1985) Glimpses of animal life of Andaman and Nicobar Islands ZSI, Kolkata 1-170 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Sastry, DRK (2002) Echinodermata associated with coral reefs of Andaman and Nicobar Islands Zoological Survey of India ZSI 100(3-4) 21-60 Available at - ZSI, Pune
  • Nagabhushanam, AK and Krishnan, S (1993) Observations on the distribution of some of the marine organism inhabiting the inter-tidal zone along the western continental shelf of the Bay of Bengal, with particular reference to the Tamil Nadu coastal strip Records of the Zoological Survey of India 93(3-4) 449-490 Available at - ZSI, Pune
  • Hussain, SM Brief report on biodiversity in the coastal areas of Pakistan p 113
  • Samyn, Y; VandenSpiegel, D and Massin, C (2005) Sea cucumbers of the Comoros Archipelago SPC Beche-de-mer Information Bulletin 22 14-18
  • Lawrence, AJ; Ahmed, M; Hanafy, M; Gabr, H; Ibrahim, A and GabAlla, AAFA (2004) Status of the sea cucumber fishery in the Red Sea: The Egyptian experience FAO Fisheries Technical Paper 463 79-90
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Mukhopadhyay, SK (1991) Echinodermata: Holothurioidea State fauna series 2: Fauna of Lakshadweep ZSI, Calcutta 399-413 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • James, DB (2001) Twenty sea cucumbers from seas around India Naga, The ICLARM Quarterly 24(1 & 2) 4-8 Available at - http://www.worldfishcenter.org/Naga/Naga24-1&2/pdf/features.pdf
  • Kumara, PBTP; Cumaranathunga, PRT and Linden, O (2005) Present status of the sea cucumber fishery in southern Sri Lanka: A resource depleted industry SPC Beche-de-mer Information Bulletin 22 24-29 Available at - http://www.spc.int/Coastfish/news/BDM/22/Terney.pdf
  • Sealifebase Available at - http://www.sealifebase.org/
  • Florida Museum of Natural History Available at - http://www.flmnh.ufl.edu/
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  • George, KC; Thomas, PA; Appukuttan, KK and Gopakumar, G (1986) Ancillary living marine resources of Lakshadweep Marine Fisheries Information Service CMFRI, Cochin 68 46-50 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/4386/1/Article_13.pdf
  • James, DB (1983) Research on Indian echinoderms-A review Journal of Marine Biological association of India The Marine Biological Association of India. 25(1&2) 91-108 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/1294/1/James_91-108.pdf
  • James, PSBR ; Thomas, PA ; Pillai, CSG and Achari Kumaraswamy, GP (1969) ´╗┐Catalogue of types and of sponges, corals, polychaetes, crabs and echinoderms in the reference collections of the Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute Bulletin of Central Marine Research Institute CMFRI, Cochin 7 1-66 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/567/1/Bulletin_7.pdf
  • James, DB. (1983) Sea cucumber and sea urchin resources and Beche-de-mer industry Mariculture potential of Andaman and Nicobar Islands-An indicative survey Bulletin of Central Marine Fisheries Institute CMFRI, Cochin 34 85-93 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/809/1/Bulletin_No_34.pdf
  • Sastry, DRK (2007) Echinodermata of India : An annotated list Records of Zoological Survey of India Occassional paper No. 271 ZSI, Kolkata 1-387 Available at - http://zsi.gov.in/checklist/Echinodermata_India_Checklist.pdf
  • James, DB (1989) Echinoderms of Lakshadweep and their zoogeography Marine living resources of the union territory of Lakshadweep: An indicative survey with suggestions for development Bulletin of Central Marine Research Institute CMFRI 43 97-144 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/8213/1/Bulletin_No_43.pdf
  • James, DB (1989) Beche-de-mer resources of Lakshadweep Marine living resources of the union territory of Lakshadweep: An indicative survey with suggestions for development Bulletin of Central Marine Research Institute CMFRI 43 144-149 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/8213/1/Bulletin_No_43.pdf
  • James, DB and James PSBR (1994) A hand-book on Indian sea-cucumbers CMFRI Special Publication CMFRI, Kochi, India 59 1-47 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/3461/1/Special_Publication_No_59.pdf
  • Pillai, PKM and Augustine, SK (2000) A code list of common marine living resources of the Indian seas CMFRI Special Publication No.12 CMFRI 1-115 Available at - eprints.cmfri.org.in/3975/1/Special_Publication_No_12_Revised.pdf

Page last updated on:2011-12-23

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