Seriola rivoliana   Valenciennes,  1833 (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Actinopterygii

Image copyrights: Tomas Kotouc

Max. size: 160 cm FL

Max. published weight: 59.9 kg

Body elongated, moderately deep, and slightly compressed. Supra-maxillary very wide. Lower branch of first gill arch with 15 to 18 gill rakers in individuals greater than 20cm standard length. Anterior lobe of second dorsal fin deep. Caudal peduncle with dorsal and ventral fossae, lateral line forming a dermal keel on the caudal peduncle. Color highly variable when fresh, back brown, olive, or blue green, flanks and belly paler, nape with a dark vertical bar and a dark line extending back from the eye in adults. Olivaceous to bluish green above, lighter below and occasionally with brassy or lavender reflections. Adults with dark nuchal bar, midside of body with faint amber stripe, fins dark except for the pelvic fins which are white ventrally. Dorsal spines (total): 8 - 8, Dorsal soft rays (total): 27 - 33, Anal spines: 3, Anal soft rays: 18-22.

Dioecious, external fertilisation.

Synonym (s)
Seriola bonariensis Valenciennes, 1833
Seriola bovinoculata Smith, 1959
Seriola colburni Evermann & Clark, 1928
Seriola coronata Poey, 1860
Seriola declivis Poey, 1860
Seriola dubia Lowe, 1839
Seriola falcata Valenciennes, 1833
Seriola ligulata Poey, 1860
Seriola proxima Poey, 1860
Seriola ravoliana Valenciennes, 1833
Seriola rivolacea Valenciennes, 1833
Seriola rivolina Valenciennes, 1833
Seriola songoro Smith, 1959

Common Name (s)
• Almaco jack (English)
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial
(Fisheries, gamefish)

Habitat:  Reef Associated, Coastal
Trophic Level:  Tertiary Consumer
Prey:  Nekton, cephalopods, finfish, squids, bony fish
Predator:  Carcharhinus albimarginatus , Thunnus albacares


• Tamil Nadu, Tuticorin INDIA
• Andhra Pradesh, Vishakhapatnam INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Rao, DV; Devi, K and Rajan, PT (2000) An account of ichthyofauna of Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Bay of Bengal Occasional paper no 178 Records of the Zoological Survey of India ZSI, Calcutta 1-434 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Rao, DVS (2005) Comprehensive review of the records of the biota of the Indian Seas and the introduction of non-indigenous species Aquatic Conservation: Marine and Freshwater Ecosystems John Wiley and Sons, Ltd. 15(2) 117-146 Available at -
  • Heemstra, E; Heemstra, P; Smale, M; Hoopers, T and Pelicier, D (2004) Preliminary checklist of coastal fishes from the Mauritian island of Rodrigues Journal of natural history Taylor and Francis 38(23-24) 3315 - 3350 Available at - index/
  • Letourneur, Y; Chabanet, P; Durville, P; Taquet, M; Teissier, E; Parmentier, M; Quero, JC and Pothin, K (2004) An updated checklist of the marine fish fauna of Reunion Island, south-western Indian Ocean Cybium 28(3) 199-216
  • Allen, GR and Mohammed, A (2003) Coral Reef Fishes of Indonesia Zoological Studies 42(1) 26299 Available at - Digital Information Resource Center, Pune.
  • Froese, R and Pauly, D (2000) Fishbase 2000: Concepts, design and data sources ICLARM 344 pp Available at -
  • Abdussamad, EM; Joshi, KK and Jayabalan, K (2008) Description of two lesser known jacks of the genus, Seriola (Family: carangidae) from Indian waters and their comparison with a closely related species, Seriolina nigrofasciata (Ruppell, 1829) Journal of the Marine Biological Association of India The Marine Biological Association of India, Cochin, India 50(1) 57-61 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at -
  • Naturephoto-CZ.Eu: Wildlife and nature photo gallery Available at -
  • Fischer, W and Bianchi, G (Eds.) (1984) FAO species identification sheets for fishery purposes. Western Indian Ocean; (Fishing area 51). FAO, Rome 1 Available at -
  • Shameem, A and Dutt, S (1986) Fishes of the family carangidae from Visakhaptnam: List if species and new records from the Indian seas Journal of the marine biological association of India The marine biological association of India 28(1&2) 159-162 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Talwar, PK (1990) Fishes of Andaman and Nicobar Islands: A synoptic survey Journal of the Andaman Science Association Andaman Science Association, Port Blair 6(2) 71-102 Available at - NIO,Goa

Page last updated on:2011-07-27

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