Scorpaenopsis gibbosa   (Bloch & Schneider,  1801) (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Actinopterygii

Image copyrights: Randall, J.E.

Size: 21-24 cm.

Color: Brownish, marbled with greenish brown. A broad brown area from base of median dorsal spine obliquely downwards to pectoral, a band from soft dorsal towards base of anal and another on caudal peduncle. Dorsal and anal with dark marmorations. Caudal with dark transverse band. Pectoral with basal and submarginal dark transverse areas and narrow dark vertical markings. Ventral with broad dark brown band in the middle, distal margin yellowish white.

Head 2.3-2.5 in standard length, 2.7-3.0 in total length. Depth of body 2.6-2.9 in standard length, 3.1-3.6 in total length. Eye diameter 5.8-6.8 in head, 1.6-2.0 in snout and 1.4-1.6 in concave interorbital space. Maxillary reaching to below hind border of eye or slightly beyond. Villiform teeth in bands in jaws, a few rows on vomer; palatines edentulous. Interorbital and most of the head naked, opercle and preopercle scaled. Anterior nostril with a flap. Spination of head consisting of 3 to 5 nasal spines, supraorbital ridge with strong spines, inferior and superior postorbital ridges with three spines each and a spine between the posteriormost spines of the above two ridges, 7 or 8 diverging spines on preorbital, 5 spines on suborbital, strong spines on preopercular border and two flat spines on opercle. A deep groove below eye and above suborbital ridge. Some of the spines of head scales with membraneous flaps. Third and fourth dorsal fin spines longest, about twice eye diameter. Pectoral fin as long as head without snout. Ventral fin slightly longer than postorbital length of head.
Number of spines and rays in the dorsal fin: XII, 9; number of spines and rays in the anal fin: III, 5; number of rays in the pectoral fin: i, 4, 12-13 or i, 5, 12; number of spines and rays in the ventral fin: I, 5; number of scale rows along the lateral line: 35-37; number of horizontal scale rows usually counted from origin of the dorsal fin to the lateral line and from anal origin to the lateral line: 8-9+1+18-19.

Unlike most scorpaenids, the sting from the dorsal spines of this species can be painful but does not pose any real danger to the victim.

Remarks: Values in above description denote proportions.

Synonym (s)
Scorpaena gibbosa Bloch & Schneider, 1801
(Senior synonym)
Scorpaena nesogallica Cuvier, 1829
(Junior synonym)
Scorpaenopsis gibbosa (Bloch & Schneider, 1801)
(Senior synonym)
Scorpaenopsis nesogallica (Cuvier, 1829)
(Junior synonym)
Scorpaenopsis rosea (non Day, 1868)
(Misapplied name)
Scorpaenopsis gibbosa Smith, 1957
Scorpaena diabolus Cuvier and Valenciennes, 1829
Scorpaena diabolus Bleeker, 1852
Scorpaena gibbosa Bleeker, 1856
Scorpaena gibbosa Klunzinger, 1870
Scorpaenopsis gibbosa Sauvage, 1873
Scorpaena gibbosa Gunther, 1875
Scorpaenopsis diabolus Bleeker, 1876
Scorpaena diabolus Macleay, 1881
Scorpaena (Scorpaenopsis) gibbosa Klunzinger, 1884
Scorpaenopsis gibbosa Sauvage, 1891
Sorpaenopsis gibbosa Jordan and Evermann, 1905
Scorpaenopsis gibbosa Jordan and Seale, 1906
Scorpaena gibbosa M. Weber, 1913
Scorpaenopsis gibbosa Barnard, 1927
Scorpaenopsis gibbosa Fowler, 1928
Scorpaenopsis gibbosa Pietschmann, 1930
Scorpaenopsis gibbosus Fowler, 1938
Scorpaenopsis gibbosa Matsubara, 1943
Scorpaenopsis gibbosa J. L. B. Smith, 1950
Scorpaenopsis gibbosa Herre, 1952
Scorpaenopsis gibbosa Randall, 1955
Scorpaenopsis gibbosus Inger, 1957
Scorpaena mesogallica Cuvier, 1829
Scorpaenopsis gibbosus (Bloch & Schneider, 1801)
Scorpaena gibbosa Bloch & Schneider, 1801

Common Name (s)
• Humpback Scorpionfish (English)
• Scorpionfish (English)
• Gouviha Mas (Mahl)
• Peychan (Malayalam)
• Humpbacked Scorpionfish (English)
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial, Dangers

Habitat:  Reef Associated, Rocky
Trophic Level:  Tertiary Consumer
Prey:  Fishes


• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Andaman Islands (Lat: 10) (Long: 93) INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Andaman Islands (Lat: 12.5) (Long: 92.75) INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Agatti INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Chettalatt INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Kalpeni INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Minicoy INDIA
• Lakshadweep INDIA
• Red Sea
• Karnataka, Netrani Island INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Gulf of Mannar INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Rao, DV; Devi, K and Rajan, PT (2000) An account of ichthyofauna of Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Bay of Bengal Occasional paper no 178 Records of the Zoological Survey of India ZSI, Calcutta 1-434 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Devi, K and Rao, DV (2003) Poisonous and venomous fishes of Andaman Islands, Bay of Bengal Occasional paper no 211 Records of The Zoolgical Survey of India ZSI, Calcutta 25934 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Heemstra, E; Heemstra, P; Smale, M; Hoopers, T and Pelicier, D (2004) Preliminary checklist of coastal fishes from the Mauritian island of Rodrigues Journal of natural history Taylor and Francis 38(23-24) 3315 - 3350 Available at - index/
  • Froese, R and Pauly, D (2000) Fishbase 2000: Concepts, design and data sources ICLARM 344 pp Available at -
  • Letourneur, Y; Chabanet, P; Durville, P; Taquet, M; Teissier, E; Parmentier, M; Quero, JC and Pothin, K (2004) An updated checklist of the marine fish fauna of Reunion Island, south-western Indian Ocean Cybium 28(3) 199-216
  • Jones, S and Kumaran, M (1980) Fishes of the Laccadive Archipelago The Nature Conservation and Aquatic Sciences Service, Trivandrum, Kerala 760 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at -
  • Beaufort, LF and Briggs, JC (1962) The fishes of the Indo-Australian Archipelago Pataudi House, Daryaganj, New Delhi 11 481 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Fischer, W and Bianchi, G (Eds.) (1984) FAO species identification sheets for fishery purposes. Western Indian Ocean (Fishing Area 51) FAO, Rome 4 Available at -
  • Jones, S. (1969) Catalogue of fishes from the Laccadive Archipelago in the reference collections of the Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute. Bulletin of Central Marine Research Institute CMFRI, Cochin 8 1-35 Available at -
  • Thomas, S; Sreeram, MP; Kakati, VS; Manisseri, MK and George, RM (2011) Coral fish diversity in Netrani waters off Murudeshwar Karnataka, south India Indian journal of fisheries CMFRI 58(1) 45-51 Available at -
  • Varghese, M; Manisseri, MK; Ramamurthy, N; Geetha, PM; Thomas, VJ and Gandhi, A (2011) Coral reef fishes of Gulf of Mannar, S.E of India Fishing Chimes CMFRI 31(1) 38-40 Available at - NIO, Goa

Page last updated on:2011-06-14

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