Scomberomorus guttatus   (Bloch & Schneider,  1801) (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Actinopterygii

Image copyrights: Mya Than Tun

Size: 45-82 cm.

Color: Blue on back, silvery on sides; usually, 3 irregular rows of dark round spots (smaller than eye) along sides of body; spinous dorsal fin uniform dark.

Body elongate, strongly compressed. Head pointed, nearly equal to depth of body; upper jaw almost reaching to below hind margin of eye; teeth moderately compressed, flattened, those in lower jaw longer. Gill rakers 1 to 4 on upper limb and 6 to 9 on lower limb of first gill arch. 2 dorsal fins, the first with 15 to 17 spines and the second followed by 8 to 9 finlets. Anal fin originating below anterior part of second dorsal fin and followed by 8 to 10 finlets. Lateral line almost straight to below middle of second dorsal fin, and gently bent downward to middle of caudal peduncle. Dorsal spines (total): 15-18, Dorsal soft rays (total): 18-24, Anal spines: 0, Anal soft rays: 19-23, Vertebrae: 47-52.

Dioecious, external fertilization, non-guarders, open water or substratum egg scatterers.

Synonym (s)
Cybium guttatum Cuvier and Valenciennes, 1831
Scomber guttatus Bloch & Schneider, 1801
Scomber guttatus Bloch and Schneider, 1801
Cybium guttatus Bleeker, 1845
Scomberomorus guttatus Fowler, 1905
Scomberomorus (Indocybium) guttatus Munro, 1943
Cybium crookewitii Bleeker, 1851
Cybium guttatum (Bloch & Schneider, 1801)
Cybium interruptum Cuvier, 1832
Cybium kuhlii Cuvier, 1832
Indocybium guttatum (Bloch & Schneider, 1801)
Scomber leopardus Shaw, 1803
Scomberomorus crookewiti (Bleeker, 1851)
Scomberomorus guttatum (Bloch & Schneider, 1801)
Scomberomorus interruptus (Cuvier, 1832)
Scomberomorus kuhlii (Cuvier, 1832)
Scomberomorus guttatum (Bloch & Schneider, 1801)
Scomberomous guttatum (Bloch & Schneider, 1801)

Common Name (s)
• Indo Pacific Spanish Mackerel (English)
• Surmai (Marathi)
• Wingram (English)
• Vanjiramu (English)
• Spotted Spanish Mackerel (English)
• Spotted Sier (English)
• Bambara Tora (Sinhala)
• Indo-Pacific King Mackerel (English)
• Kattayan seela
• Seer Fish (English)
• Surmai (Gujarati)
• Chapri (Gujarati)
• Toower (Marathi)
• Anjal (Kannada)
• Khulkhul (Kannada)
• Esvan (Kannada)
• Seela (Tamil)
• Kattayan Seela (Tamil)
• Vanjaramu (Telugu)
• Birjram (Bengali)
• Spotted Seerfish (English)
• Mackerel (Bengali)
• Wingram (Telugu)
• Vanjiram (Tamil)
• Wantasaran (Tamil)
• Cheela (Tamil)
• Katta Cheela (Tamil)
• Ney Meen (Malayalam)
• Arrakeeah (Malayalam)
• Varimeen (Malayalam)
• Seela Nammeen (Malayalam)
• Towar (Marathi)
• Touri (Marathi)
• Kargan (Marathi)
• Surma Hadra (Marathi)
• Indo-Pacific Seer Fish (English)
• Indo-pacific Seerfish
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial
(Fisheries, gamefish. Marketed fresh or frozen, dried and salted, also make fish ball)

Habitat:  Pelagic, Estuarine, Coastal
Trophic Level:  Tertiary Consumer
Prey:  Zoobenthos, nekton, benthic crustaceans, cephalopods, finfish, shrimps, squids, bony fish, Young bony fishes


• Orissa, Mahanadi Estuary (Lat: 20.32) (Long: 86.75) INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Andaman Islands INDIA
• Andhra Pradesh, Vishakhapatnam INDIA (Record: 2004-2006)
• Tamil Nadu, Gulf of Mannar INDIA
• Kerala, Ponnani Estuary INDIA (Record: 03/1997-02/1999)
• Tamil Nadu, Chennai Coast INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Parangipettai INDIA
• Arabian Sea INDIA (Record: 02/1985-06/1987) (Depth: 39-92 mts)
• Bay of Bengal INDIA (Record: 02/1985-06/1987) (Depth: 39-92 mts)
• Kerala, Off Kochi INDIA (Record: 03/1954-07/1955)
• West Bengal INDIA
• Andhra Pradesh INDIA
• Orissa, Puri INDIA (Record: 1987-2006)
• Kerala, Off Calicut INDIA (Record: 1948-1953) (Depth: 3.65-14.63 mts)
• Maharashtra, Mumbai INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Pamban INDIA
• Andhra Pradesh, Lawsons Bay INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Tuticorin Coast INDIA
• Karnataka, Karwar Coast INDIA
• Gujarat, Veraval INDIA
• West Bengal (Lat: 21.45) (Long: 87.9) INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands (Lat: 13.75) (Long: 94.25) INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands (Lat: 6.75) (Long: 92.16) INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Wafar, MVM (2003) Checklists of reef fauna Available at -
  • Rao, DV; Devi, K and Rajan, PT (2000) An account of ichthyofauna of Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Bay of Bengal Occasional paper no 178 Records of the Zoological Survey of India ZSI, Calcutta 1-434 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Singh, DF and Yazdani, GM (1993) Ichthyofauna of Konkan region of Maharashtra (India) Records of the Zoological Survey of India. Occasional paper no 145 ZSI, Calcutta 46 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Zoological Survey of India (Eds.) (1998) Fauna Of Mahanadi estuary, Orissa Estuarine ecosystem series no 3 ZSI, Kolkata 1-218 Available at - ZSI, Pune
  • (2001) Fauna of Godavari estuary, Andhra Pradesh Estuarine ecosystem series 4 ZSI, Kolkata 1-166 Available at - ZSI, Pune
  • Chatterjee, TK; Talukdar, RS and Mukherjee, AK (2000) Fish and fisheries of Digha coast of West Bengal Occasional paper no 188 Records of the Zoological Survey of India 31778 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Tikader, BK and Das, AK (1985) Glimpses of animal life of Andaman and Nicobar Islands ZSI, Kolkata 1-170 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Ahmad, J and Gupta, AV (1985) Studies on new Monorchid and Gorgoderid trematodes Digenea from amrine fishes from the Bay of Bengal off the Puri coast Orissa India Rivista -di-Parassitologia 46(1-2) 45-60 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Hussain, SM Brief report on biodiversity in the coastal areas of Pakistan p 113
  • Deraniyagala, PEP (1952) A Colored Atlas of some vertebrates from Ceylon Ceylon National Museum Publication 1 1-149 Available at - NIO, RC Kochi
  • Froese, R and Pauly, D (2000) Fishbase 2000: Concepts, design and data sources ICLARM 344 pp Available at -
  • Tun, MT (2001) Marine fishes of Myanmar (pelagic and demersal) U Than Tun, Director-General, Department of Fisheries, Ministry of Livestock and Fisheries, Myanmar 276 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at -
  • Bal, DV and Rao, KV (1984) Marine fisheries Tata McGraw-Hill Publishing Company Limited 470 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Rohit, P; Rao, GS and Rammohan, K (2008) Yellowfin tuna fishery by traditional fishermen at Visakhapatnam, Andhra Pradesh Journal of the Marine Biological Association of India The Marine Biological Association of India, Cochin, India 50(1) 62-68 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Rao, DVS; Rao, KS; Iyer, CSP and Chittibabu, P (2008) Possible ecological consequences from the Sethu Samudram Canal Project, India Marine Pollution Bulletin Elsevier 56(2) 170-186 Available at -
  • Bijukumar, A and Sushama, S (2000) Ichthyofauna of Ponnani estuary, Kerala Journal of the Marine Biological Association of India The Marine Biological Association of India, Cochin 42(1&2) 182-189 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Dr. Ramesh, R; Dr. Nammalwar, P and Dr. Gowri, VS (2008) Database on coastal information of Tamil Nadu Report Submitted to Environmental Information System (ENVIS) Centre, Department of Environment, Government of Tamil Nadu Institute for Ocean Management, Anna University, Chennai, Tamil Nadu. Available at -
  • Talwar, PK and Kacker, RK (1984) Commercial sea fishes of India ZSI, Calcutta 997 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Fischer, W and Bianchi, G (Eds.) (1984) FAO species identification sheets for fishery purposes. Western Indian Ocean (Fishing Area 51) FAO, Rome 4 Available at -
  • Fischer, W and Whitehead, PJP (1974) FAO species identification sheets for fishery purposes. Eastern Indian Ocean - Fishing Area 57 and Western Central Pacific - Fishing Area 71 FAO, Rome 4 Available at -
  • Rajkumar, M, Perumal, P and Trilles, JP (2006) On the occurrence of a double parasitism (copepod and isopod) on the anchovy fish in India Journal of Environmental Biology Triveni Enterprises, Lucknow (India) 27(3) 613-614 Available at -
  • Dr. Kumaraguru, AK (2000) Studies on socioeconomics of Coral Reef resource users in the Gulf of Mannar coast, South India Centre for Marine and Coastal studies School of Energy, Environment and Natural Resources Madurai Kamaraj University, Madurai, India Available at -
  • Balachandran, K and Nizar, MA (1990) A check list of fishes of the Exclusive Economic Zone of India collected during the research cruises of FORV Sagar Sampada Proceedings of the first workshop on scientific results of FORV Sagar Sampada CMFRI, Cochin 305-324 Available at -
  • Basheeruddin, S and Nayar, KN (1961) A preliminary study of the juvenile fishes of the coastal waters off Madras city Indian Journal of Fisheries Ernakulam, Cochin-ll, India 8 (1) 169-188 Available at -
  • Ramani, K; Ammini, PL; Srinivasan, J; Najeemudeen, SH; Beena, MR; George, KP; Seynudeen, MB; Subbaraman, G; Anandan, K; Khambadkar, LL; Augustine, SK; Pugazhendi, D; Rudhramurthy, N; Subramani, S; Seetharaman, S; Batcha, HK and Sankaralingam, S (2010) An overview of marine fisheries in India during 2007 Marine Fisheries Information Service CMFRI, Kochi 203 1-14 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Ammini, PL; Khambadkar, LL and Augustine, SK (2008) A brief report on the marine fisheries of Puri, Orissa Marine Fisheries Information Service Technical and Extension Series CMFRI 195 6-10 Available at -
  • Venkataraman, G (1960) Studies on the food and feeding relationships of the inshore fishes off Calicut on the Malabar coast Indian Journal of Fisheries Indian Council of Agricultural Research 7 (2) 275-306 Available at -
  • Murty, VS (1969) Catalogue of fishes (excluding from the Laccadives) in the reference collections of the Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute Bulletin of Central Marine Research Institute CMFRI, Cochin 10 1-38 Available at -
  • George, MJ and Subbaraju, G (1979) Small scale fisheries at Lawson's bay Waltair Marine fisheries information service-technical series George, MJ 6 10-13 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Bapat, SV; Deshmukh, VM; Krishnamoorthi, B; Muthiah, C; Kagwade, PV; Ramamirtham, CP; Mathew, KJ; Pillai, SK and C. Mukundan (1982) Species composition, distribution and abundance of major groups/species Fishery resources of the Exclusive Economic Zone of the NorthWest coast of India Bulletin Of Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute CMFRI, Kochi 33 1-86 Available at -
  • Pillai, PKM and Augustine, SK (2000) A code list of common marine living resources of the Indian seas CMFRI Special Publication No.12 CMFRI 1-115 Available at -
  • Biswas, KP (2009) Fishes around Indian Ocean Dominant Fish Groups Occurring in Indian Coasts Daya publishing house Available at - NIO,Goa
  • Das, P; De, SP; Bhowmik, RM; Pandit, IK; Sengupta, R; Nandi, AC; Thakurta, SC and Saha, S (2007) Piscine diversity of West Bengal Fishing chimes 27(5) 15-28 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Roy, SD; Rajan, PT and Soundararajan, S (2006) Marine food fishes of Andaman and Nicobar islands Fishing Chimes 25(10) 108-110 Available at - NIO, Goa

Page last updated on:2012-01-30

Back to Search