Scomberomorus guttatus   (Bloch & Schneider,  1801) (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii
Order:Perciformes
Family:Scombridae

Image copyrights: Mya Than Tun

Description
Size: 45-82 cm.

Color: Blue on back, silvery on sides; usually, 3 irregular rows of dark round spots (smaller than eye) along sides of body; spinous dorsal fin uniform dark.

Body elongate, strongly compressed. Head pointed, nearly equal to depth of body; upper jaw almost reaching to below hind margin of eye; teeth moderately compressed, flattened, those in lower jaw longer. Gill rakers 1 to 4 on upper limb and 6 to 9 on lower limb of first gill arch. 2 dorsal fins, the first with 15 to 17 spines and the second followed by 8 to 9 finlets. Anal fin originating below anterior part of second dorsal fin and followed by 8 to 10 finlets. Lateral line almost straight to below middle of second dorsal fin, and gently bent downward to middle of caudal peduncle. Dorsal spines (total): 15-18, Dorsal soft rays (total): 18-24, Anal spines: 0, Anal soft rays: 19-23, Vertebrae: 47-52.

Dioecious, external fertilization, non-guarders, open water or substratum egg scatterers.


Synonym (s)
Cybium guttatum Cuvier and Valenciennes, 1831
Scomber guttatus Bloch & Schneider, 1801
Scomber guttatus Bloch and Schneider, 1801
Cybium guttatus Bleeker, 1845
Scomberomorus guttatus Fowler, 1905
Scomberomorus (Indocybium) guttatus Munro, 1943
Cybium crookewitii Bleeker, 1851
Cybium guttatum (Bloch & Schneider, 1801)
Cybium interruptum Cuvier, 1832
Cybium kuhlii Cuvier, 1832
Indocybium guttatum (Bloch & Schneider, 1801)
Scomber leopardus Shaw, 1803
Scomberomorus crookewiti (Bleeker, 1851)
Scomberomorus guttatum (Bloch & Schneider, 1801)
Scomberomorus interruptus (Cuvier, 1832)
Scomberomorus kuhlii (Cuvier, 1832)
Scomberomorus guttatum (Bloch & Schneider, 1801)
(Misspelling)
Scomberomous guttatum (Bloch & Schneider, 1801)
(Misspelling)

Common Name (s)
• Indo Pacific Spanish Mackerel (English)
• Surmai (Marathi)
• Wingram (English)
• Vanjiramu (English)
• Spotted Spanish Mackerel (English)
• Spotted Sier (English)
• Bambara Tora (Sinhala)
• Indo-Pacific King Mackerel (English)
• Kattayan seela
• Seer Fish (English)
• Surmai (Gujarati)
• Chapri (Gujarati)
• Toower (Marathi)
• Anjal (Kannada)
• Khulkhul (Kannada)
• Esvan (Kannada)
• Seela (Tamil)
• Kattayan Seela (Tamil)
• Vanjaramu (Telugu)
• Birjram (Bengali)
• Spotted Seerfish (English)
• Mackerel (Bengali)
• Wingram (Telugu)
• Vanjiram (Tamil)
• Wantasaran (Tamil)
• Cheela (Tamil)
• Katta Cheela (Tamil)
• Ney Meen (Malayalam)
• Arrakeeah (Malayalam)
• Varimeen (Malayalam)
• Seela Nammeen (Malayalam)
• Towar (Marathi)
• Touri (Marathi)
• Kargan (Marathi)
• Surma Hadra (Marathi)
• Indo-Pacific Seer Fish (English)
• Indo-pacific Seerfish
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial
(Fisheries, gamefish. Marketed fresh or frozen, dried and salted, also make fish ball)

Ecology
Habitat:  Pelagic, Estuarine, Coastal
Trophic Level:  Tertiary Consumer
Prey:  Zoobenthos, nekton, benthic crustaceans, cephalopods, finfish, shrimps, squids, bony fish, Young bony fishes

Biogeography


• Orissa, Mahanadi Estuary (Lat: 20.32) (Long: 86.75) INDIA
• MYANMAR
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Andaman Islands INDIA
• INDIA
• Andhra Pradesh, Vishakhapatnam INDIA (Record: 2004-2006)
• Tamil Nadu, Gulf of Mannar INDIA
• Kerala, Ponnani Estuary INDIA (Record: 03/1997-02/1999)
• Tamil Nadu, Chennai Coast INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Parangipettai INDIA
• Arabian Sea INDIA (Record: 02/1985-06/1987) (Depth: 39-92 mts)
• Bay of Bengal INDIA (Record: 02/1985-06/1987) (Depth: 39-92 mts)
• Kerala, Off Kochi INDIA (Record: 03/1954-07/1955)
• West Bengal INDIA
• Andhra Pradesh INDIA
• Orissa, Puri INDIA (Record: 1987-2006)
• Kerala, Off Calicut INDIA (Record: 1948-1953) (Depth: 3.65-14.63 mts)
• Maharashtra, Mumbai INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Pamban INDIA
• Andhra Pradesh, Lawsons Bay INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Tuticorin Coast INDIA
• Karnataka, Karwar Coast INDIA
• Gujarat, Veraval INDIA
• West Bengal (Lat: 21.45) (Long: 87.9) INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands (Lat: 13.75) (Long: 94.25) INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands (Lat: 6.75) (Long: 92.16) INDIA

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Page last updated on:2012-01-30

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