Scomberomorus commerson   (Lacepede,  1801) (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii
Order:Perciformes
Family:Scombridae

Image copyrights: Mya Than Tun

Description
Size : 240 cm FL

Max. weight reported: 70.0 kg

Color: Back of body iridescent blue-gray, sides below lateral line silvery with bluish reflections, marked with numerous thin, wavy vertical bands; the number of bars increases from as few as 20 in a 40 cm specimen to as many as 65 at 150 cm. Juveniles are frequently spotted.

Body elongate and rather strongly compressed. Jaw teeth strong and compressed, serrated along their edge; fine teeth on vomer and palatines. Gill rakers 0 to 2 in upper arm, 1 to 8 on lower arm on first arch (total 1 to 8). Two dorsal fins, the first with 15 or 18 spines and the second with 15 to 20 rays, followed by 8 to 10 finlets; anal fin originating below midpoint of second dorsal fin and with 16 to 20 rays followed by 7 to 12 finlets. Interpelvic process small and bifid. Swim bladder absent. Lateral line abruptly bent downward below end of second dorsal fin. Intestine with 2 folds and 3 limbs.

Dioecious, external fertilization, non-guarders, open water or substratum egg scatterers. Depending on temperature regime, the spawning season may be more or less extended.


Synonym (s)
Scomber commerson Lacepede, 1800
Cybium commersoni (Lacepede, 1801)
Cybium commersonii Ruppell, 1828
Scomberomorus konun Bleeker, 1851
Scomberomorus commerson Paradice and Whitely, 1927
Cibium commersonii (Lacepede, 1800)
(Misspelling)
Cybium commersoni (Lacepede, 1800)
(Misspelling)
Cybium commersonii (Lacepede, 1800)
Cybium konam Bleeker, 1851
Cybium multifasciatum Kishinouye, 1915
Scomber commersonii Lacepede, 1800
Scomber maculosus Shaw, 1803
Scomberomorus commercon (Lacepede, 1800)
(Misspelling)
Scomberomorus commersoni (Lacepede, 1800)
(Misspelling)
Scomberomorus commersonii (Lacepede, 1800)
(Misspelling)
Scomerommorus commerson (Lacepede, 1800)
(Misspelling)

Common Name (s)
• King Mackeral (English)
• Barred Spanish Mackerel (English)
• Kingfish (English)
• Spanish Mackerel (English)
• Narrow Barred Spanish Mackerel (English)
• Seer Fish (English)
• Surmai (Gujarati)
• Chapri (Gujarati)
• Sormai (Marathi)
• Tuvaranjari (Marathi)
• Arkulai (Kannada)
• Anjal (Kannada)
• Dande (Kannada)
• Konam (Tamil)
• Mah-wv-laachi (Tamil)
• Chumbum (Malayalam)
• Champa (Bengali)
• Seir (Bengali)
• Kingseer (English)
• Narow-barred Seer-fish (English)
• Nettaiyan seela
• Vanchiram
• Barred Seer Fish (English)
• Surmai
• Chapra
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial
(Fisheries, gamefish. Marketed fresh or frozen, dried and salted, commonly made in to fish balls.)

Ecology
Habitat:  Pelagic, Coastal
Trophic Level:  Tertiary Consumer
Prey:  Zoobenthos, nekton, zooplankton, benthic crustaceans, cephalopods, finfish, fish (early stages), planktonic invertebrates, planktonic crustaceans, shrimps, squids, bony fish, fish eggs/larvae, planktonic copepods, small schooling fishes such as sardines and anchovies, Exclusively small bony mostly anchovies
Predator:  Carcharhinus limbatus

Biogeography


• West Bengal, Digha Coast (Lat: 21.61) (Long: 87.53) INDIA
• North Andaman Sea INDIA
• MYANMAR
• Gulf of Oman
• Persian Gulf
• Andhra Pradesh, Vishakhapatnam INDIA (Record: 2004-2006)
• Tamil Nadu, Gulf of Mannar INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands (Lat: 6.75) (Long: 92.16) INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands (Lat: 13.75) (Long: 94.25) INDIA
• Arabian Sea (Lat: 11.66) (Long: 74.93) INDIA (Record: 02/1985-06/1987) (Depth: 64 mts)
• Kerala, Off Kochi INDIA (Record: 03/1954-07/1955)
• Andhra Pradesh INDIA
• Orissa, Puri INDIA (Record: 1987-2006)
• Tamil Nadu, Tuticorin INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Mandapam INDIA
• INDIA
• Gujarat INDIA
• Off, Tamil Nadu INDIA
• Karnataka, Karwar Coast INDIA
• Gujarat, Veraval INDIA
• West Bengal (Lat: 21.45) (Long: 87.9) INDIA

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Page last updated on:2012-01-30

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