Scolopsis xenochrous   Gunther,  1872 (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii
Order:Perciformes
Family:Nemipteridae

Image copyrights: Shao, K.T.

Description
Size: 17-21 cm.

Color: Upper body grayish-brown, silvery-white below. A pearly-blue streak from behind eye along dorsal fin base. An oblique, brown-edged pearly-blue bar above the pectoral base. An elongate white blotch below lateral line on posterior half of body, a yellowish tinge above this blotch. Snout dusky and a black blotch on opercle. Brownish olive, a narrow pearl-colored band along the uppermost dorsal series of scales, a large blackish-brown spot on the posterior part of the operculum.

Height 3. 3.9 in length with caudal. Head 3.1-3.3, 4.1 in length with caudal. Eye 2.8-3, a little more than snout and equal to or somewhat more than inter orbital space. Scales on head beginning between anterior part of eyes, by far not reaching line connecting nostrils. Mouth oblique. Maxillary reaching to below nostrils. Preoperculum with 5 transverse rows of scales, the inferior limb naked, the posterior border conspicuously scalloped and strongly denticulate. Preorbital with a strong spine, two or three small denticulations below it. Dorsal spine moderate, the first more than half length of second. Third to sixth spine longest, equal to snout and half eye together. Seventh and eighth spines sub equal, slightly shorter than the preceding ones and slightly longer than the penultimate and last spine. Soft dorsal rounded, as high as spinous part. First anal spine less than half length of second. Second and third spine sub equal, slightly more than diameter of eye. Soft anal slightly rounded, about as deep as soft dorsal. Pectorals half length of snout shorter than head. Ventrals somewhat shorter. Head scales reaching forward to between level of anterior margin of eyes and posterior nostrils. Lower limb of preopercle scaly. Antrorse (forward-directed) suborbital spine present beneath eye. Pelvic fins moderately long, reaching to or almost to level of anus. Dorsal spines (total): 10-10, Dorsal soft rays (total): 9 - 9, Anal spines: 3, Anal soft rays: 7.

Remarks: Values in above description denote proportions.

Synonym (s)
Scolopsis xenochrous Gunther, 1873
Scolopsis ghanam von Martens, 1876
Scolopsis xenochrous Fowler, 1931
Scolopsis bulanensis Evermann & Seale, 1907
Scolopsis xenochroa Gunther, 1872
(Misspelling)

Common Name (s)
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial
(Fisheries)

Ecology
Habitat:  Reef Associated
Trophic Level:  Secondary Consumer
Prey:  Zoobenthos, benthic crustaceans, worms, other annelids

Biogeography


• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Andaman Islands INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Rao, DV; Devi, K and Rajan, PT (2000) An account of ichthyofauna of Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Bay of Bengal Occasional paper no 178 Records of the Zoological Survey of India ZSI, Calcutta 1-434 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Ohman, M; Rajasuriya, A and Olafsson, E (1997) Reef fish assemblages in north western Sri Lanka: Distribution patterns and influences of fishing practises Enviornmental Biology of Fishes Kluwer Academic Publishers 49 45-61
  • Allen, GR and Mohammed, A (2003) Coral Reef Fishes of Indonesia Zoological Studies 42(1) 26299 Available at - Digital Information Resource Center, Pune.
  • Froese, R and Pauly, D (2000) Fishbase 2000: Concepts, design and data sources ICLARM 344 pp Available at - http://www.fishbase.org
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Weber, M; Beaufort, LF (1936) The fishes of the Indo-Australian Archipelago Print times, Pataudi house, Daryaganj, New Delhi 7 607 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Fischer, W and Whitehead, PJP (1974) FAO species identification sheets for fishery purposes. Eastern Indian Ocean - Fishing Area 57 and Western Central Pacific - Fishing Area 71 3 Available at - http://www.fao.org/docrep/009/e9163e/e9163e00.htm
  • Murty, VS (1969) Catalogue of fishes (excluding from the Laccadives) in the reference collections of the Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute Bulletin of Central Marine Research Institute CMFRI, Cochin 10 1-38 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/571/1/Bulletin_10.pdf

Page last updated on:2011-05-23

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