Echinothrix calamaris   (Pallas,  1774) (Sea Urchin)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Echinodermata
Class: Echinoidea
Order:Diadematoida
Family:Diadematidae

Image copyrights: Teresa Zubi

Description
Size: Ambital diameter (D) = 9-50 mm.

Color: Purplish-brown, inter-ambulacral spines with fine to broad transverse white bands, tissue at base of spines light maroon (Humphreys, 1981).

Test (shell) globular. Ambulacral areas distinctly bulging aborally near the apical system. Ambulacral primary spines fine, needle-like, with backwardly pointed barbs near the distal end. Interambulacral primary spines stout, distinctly banded with green, with wide central cavity. Interambulacral areas near the apical system naked and greenish.


Synonym (s)
Echinus calamaris Pallas, 1774
Echinothrix desori Bell, 1903
Echinothrix calamaris Clark and Rowe, 1971
Echinothrix aequalis A. Agassiz, 1863
Astropyga calamaria (Pallas, 1774)
Astropyga desorii L. Agassiz & Desor, 1846
Cidaris calamaria (Pallas, 1774)
Cidaris calamaris (Pallas, 1774)
Cidarites calamaria (Pallas, 1774)
Diadema calamare (Pallas, 1774)
Diadema calamare (Pallas, 1774)
Diadema calamaria (Pallas, 1774)
Diadema calamarium (Pallas, 1774)
Diadema desori (L. Agassiz & Desor, 1846)
Diadema frappieri (Michelin, 1862)
Echinothrix annellata Peters, 1853
Echinothrix aperta A. Agassiz, 1863
Echinothrix clavata Bolsche, 1865
Echinothrix desori (L. Agassiz & Desor, 1846)
Echinothrix desorii (L. Agassiz & Desor, 1846)
Echinothrix scutata A. Agassiz, 1863
Echinotrix calamaris (Pallas, 1774)
Echinus calamarus Pallas, 1774
Garelia aequalis Gray, 1855
Garelia clavata Gray, 1855
Savignya frappieri Michelin, 1862

Common Name (s)
Economic Importance and Threats

Ecology
Habitat:  Benthic, Reef Associated, Demersal, Coastal

Biogeography


• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Andaman Islands (Lat: 12.5) (Long: 92.75) INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Agatti INDIA (Record: 05/04/1984)
• Lakshadweep, Andrott INDIA (Record: 20/12/1979)
• Lakshadweep, Kavaratti INDIA (Record: 06/02/1986)
• Lakshadweep, Minicoy INDIA (Record: 17/02/1986, 19/02/1986)
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, North Reef Island INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Port Blair INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Rangat Bay INDIA
• INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Chettalatt INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Andrott INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Tikadar, BK; Daniel, A and Subbarao, NV (1986) Sea shore animals of Andaman and Nicobar Islands The Director, ZSI, Kolkatta 188 Available at - ZSI, Pune
  • Sastry, DRK (2001) Echinodermata (other than Holothuroidea) from the Ritchie's Archipelago, Andaman Islands Records of the Zoological Survey of India 99(1-4) 157-170 Available at - ZSI, Pune
  • Sastry, DRK (2002) Echinodermata associated with coral reefs of Andaman and Nicobar Islands Zoological Survey of India ZSI 100(3-4) 21-60 Available at - ZSI, Pune
  • Martens, EE and De Clerck, GG (1994) Interstitial and parasitic Platyhelminthes from the coast of the Seychelles Oceanic reefs of the Seychelles: report on a cruise of RV Tyro to the Seychelles in 1992 and 1993 National Museum of Natural History, Leiden 97-106 Available at - Zoological Records
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Sastry, DRK (1991) Echinodermata: Asteroidea, Ophiuroidea and Echinoidea State fauna series 2: Fauna of Lakshadweep ZSI, Calcutta 363-397 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Starfish Available at - http://www.starfish.ch/
  • Sealifebase Available at - http://www.sealifebase.org/
  • Rao, GC; Rao, DV and Devi, K (1994) A faunal exploration of the North Reef Island sanctuary, North Andaman Journal of the Andaman Science Association Andaman Science Association, Port Blair 10(1&2) 68-81 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • James, PSBR ; Thomas, PA ; Pillai, CSG and Achari Kumaraswamy, GP (1969) ´╗┐Catalogue of types and of sponges, corals, polychaetes, crabs and echinoderms in the reference collections of the Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute Bulletin of Central Marine Research Institute CMFRI, Cochin 7 1-66 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/567/1/Bulletin_7.pdf
  • Sastry, DRK (2007) Echinodermata of India : An annotated list Records of Zoological Survey of India Occassional paper No. 271 ZSI, Kolkata 1-387 Available at - http://zsi.gov.in/checklist/Echinodermata_India_Checklist.pdf
  • James, DB (1989) Echinoderms of Lakshadweep and their zoogeography Marine living resources of the union territory of Lakshadweep: An indicative survey with suggestions for development Bulletin of Central Marine Research Institute CMFRI 43 97-144 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/8213/1/Bulletin_No_43.pdf
  • Rao, GC (1991) Distribution of plants and animals on the rocky sea shores of Andaman and Nicobar Islands Journal of the Andaman Science Association Andaman Science Association, Port Blair 7(2) 30-42 Available at - NIO, Goa

Page last updated on:2011-09-02

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