Ophiocoma scolopendrina   (Lamarck,  1816) (Brittle Star)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Echinodermata
Class: Ophiuroidea
Order:Ophiurida
Family:Ophiocomidae

Description
Size: Diameter of the disc (d.d.) = 16-23 mm; arm length to 13 cm

Color: The dorsal side is uniformly black to pale brown to black, sometimes variegated with light spots or patches on the arms, brown or paler brown regions several segments wide. The ventral side is light colored or variegated, never uniformly dark.

Disc granules rounded, completely covering the dorsal side of the disc and a V-shaped area of the ventral interbrachial region. Dorsal arm plates broader than long, asymmetric, narrower on one side. Arm spines alternately 3 and 4, stout, upper ones shorter and club shaped. Arms irregularly banded, conspicuously extended by otherwise hidden animals to collect food particles from the water surface on flooding tides.


Synonym (s)
Ophiura scolopendrina Lamarck, 1826
Ophiocoma scolopendrina Bell, 1903
Ophiocoma scolopendrina James, 1969
Ophiocoma alternans von Martens, 1870
Ophiocoma lubrica Koehler, 1898
Ophiocoma molaris Lyman, 1862
Ophiocoma variabilis Grube, 1857
Ophiura scolopendrina Lamarck, 1816

Common Name (s)
Economic Importance and Threats

Ecology
Habitat:  Coastal

Biogeography


• Tamil Nadu, Gulf of Mannar INDIA (Record: 1963-1970)
• Lakshadweep, Kadamatt INDIA (Record: 11/04/1984)
• Lakshadweep, Minicoy INDIA (Record: 11/12/1979)
• Lakshadweep, Minicoy INDIA (Record: 15/02/1986)
• Lakshadweep, Minicoy INDIA (Record: 19/02/1986)
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, North Reef Island INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Port Blair INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Rangat Bay INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Minicoy INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Kilttan INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Kadamatt INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Amini INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Kalpeni INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Minicoy INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Tikadar, BK; Daniel, A and Subbarao, NV (1986) Sea shore animals of Andaman and Nicobar Islands The Director, ZSI, Kolkatta 188 Available at - ZSI, Pune
  • Venkatraman, K; Srinivasan, M; Satyanarayana, CH and Prabhakar D (2002) Faunal diversity of Gulf of Mannar biosphere reserve Conservation area series 15 ZSI 77 pp; VIII pla Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Tikader, BK and Das, AK (1985) Glimpses of animal life of Andaman and Nicobar Islands ZSI, Kolkata 1-170 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Sastry, DRK (2001) Echinodermata (other than Holothuroidea) from the Ritchie's Archipelago, Andaman Islands Records of the Zoological Survey of India 99(1-4) 157-170 Available at - ZSI, Pune
  • Sastry, DRK (2002) Echinodermata associated with coral reefs of Andaman and Nicobar Islands Zoological Survey of India ZSI 100(3-4) 21-60 Available at - ZSI, Pune
  • Sloan, NA (1979) Microhabitat and resource utilization in cryptic rocky intertidal echinoderms at Aldabra Atoll, Seychelles Marine Biology (Berlin) 54(3) 269-279 Available at - Zoological Records
  • James, DB (1985) Echinoderm fauna of the proposed national park in the gulf of Mannar Proceedings of the Symposium on endangered marine animals and parks Marine Biological Association of India, Cochin 1 403-406 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Sastry, DRK (1991) Echinodermata: Asteroidea, Ophiuroidea and Echinoidea State fauna series 2: Fauna of Lakshadweep ZSI, Calcutta 363-397 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Marine Biological Station, Chennai, Tamil Nadu (2003) Checklist of marine fauna of Tamil Nadu Department of Environment, Government of Tamil Nadu Available at - http://tnenvis.nic.in
  • Dr. Ramesh, R; Dr. Nammalwar, P and Dr. Gowri, VS (2008) Database on coastal information of Tamil Nadu Report Submitted to Environmental Information System (ENVIS) Centre, Department of Environment, Government of Tamil Nadu Institute for Ocean Management, Anna University, Chennai, Tamil Nadu. Available at - http://tnenvis.nic.in/PDF/coastal%20data.pdf
  • National museum of nature and science Available at - http://research.kahaku.go.jp/
  • James, DB (1985) Echinoderm fauna of the proposed National Marine Park in the Gulf of Mannar Proceedings of the symposium on endangered marine animals and marine parks Marine Biological Association of India, Cochin, India 1 403-406 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/2360/1/Article_64.pdf
  • Rao, GC; Rao, DV and Devi, K (1994) A faunal exploration of the North Reef Island sanctuary, North Andaman Journal of the Andaman Science Association Andaman Science Association, Port Blair 10(1&2) 68-81 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • James, PSBR ; Thomas, PA ; Pillai, CSG and Achari Kumaraswamy, GP (1969) ´╗┐Catalogue of types and of sponges, corals, polychaetes, crabs and echinoderms in the reference collections of the Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute Bulletin of Central Marine Research Institute CMFRI, Cochin 7 1-66 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/567/1/Bulletin_7.pdf
  • James, DB. (1983) Sea cucumber and sea urchin resources and Beche-de-mer industry Mariculture potential of Andaman and Nicobar Islands-An indicative survey Bulletin of Central Marine Fisheries Institute CMFRI, Cochin 34 85-93 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/809/1/Bulletin_No_34.pdf
  • James, DB (1989) Echinoderms of Lakshadweep and their zoogeography Marine living resources of the union territory of Lakshadweep: An indicative survey with suggestions for development Bulletin of Central Marine Research Institute CMFRI 43 97-144 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/8213/1/Bulletin_No_43.pdf
  • Rao, GC (1991) Distribution of plants and animals on the rocky sea shores of Andaman and Nicobar Islands Journal of the Andaman Science Association Andaman Science Association, Port Blair 7(2) 30-42 Available at - NIO, Goa

Page last updated on:2011-09-02

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