Ophiocoma pica   Muller & Troschel,  1842 (Brittle Star)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Echinodermata
Class: Ophiuroidea
Order:Ophiurida
Family:Ophiocomidae

Image copyrights: Moorea Biocode

Description
Size: Diameter of the disc (d.d.) = 4-13 mm.

Color: Brown in color with radiating yellow lines on dorsal disc and transverse bands on the proximal border of the dorsal and ventral arm plates or sometimes only light patches on either side narrowly meeting in the middle of the plate.

Disc granules uniform in size, completely covering the disc on dorsal side and extending into a V-shaped area on ventral interbrachial region. Dorsal arm plates with distal margin broader and convex, proximal border narrow. Ventral arm plates broad. Arm spines upto six, thick, flat, or round, and pointed, upper ones longest.


Synonym (s)
Ophiocoma lineolata Muller & Troschel, 1842
Ophiocoma pica James, 1969
Ophiocoma sannio Lyman, 1861

Common Name (s)
Economic Importance and Threats

Ecology
Habitat:  Benthic, Reef Associated

Biogeography


• Lakshadweep, Kavaratti INDIA (Record: 05/02/1986, 06/02/1986)
• Lakshadweep, Minicoy INDIA (Record: 17/02/1986, 19/02/1986)
• Tamil Nadu, Gulf of Mannar INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Chettalatt INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Nancowry INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Nicobar Islands INDIA (Depth: 5 mts)
• INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Kadamatt INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Kavaratti INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Tikadar, BK; Daniel, A and Subbarao, NV (1986) Sea shore animals of Andaman and Nicobar Islands The Director, ZSI, Kolkatta 188 Available at - ZSI, Pune
  • Sastry, DRK (2002) Echinodermata associated with coral reefs of Andaman and Nicobar Islands Zoological Survey of India ZSI 100(3-4) 21-60 Available at - ZSI, Pune
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Sastry, DRK (1991) Echinodermata: Asteroidea, Ophiuroidea and Echinoidea State fauna series 2: Fauna of Lakshadweep ZSI, Calcutta 363-397 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Dr. Ramesh, R; Dr. Nammalwar, P and Dr. Gowri, VS (2008) Database on coastal information of Tamil Nadu Report Submitted to Environmental Information System (ENVIS) Centre, Department of Environment, Government of Tamil Nadu Institute for Ocean Management, Anna University, Chennai, Tamil Nadu. Available at - http://tnenvis.nic.in/PDF/coastal%20data.pdf
  • James, PSBR ; Thomas, PA ; Pillai, CSG and Achari Kumaraswamy, GP (1969) ´╗┐Catalogue of types and of sponges, corals, polychaetes, crabs and echinoderms in the reference collections of the Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute Bulletin of Central Marine Research Institute CMFRI, Cochin 7 1-66 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/567/1/Bulletin_7.pdf
  • James, DB. (1983) Sea cucumber and sea urchin resources and Beche-de-mer industry Mariculture potential of Andaman and Nicobar Islands-An indicative survey Bulletin of Central Marine Fisheries Institute CMFRI, Cochin 34 85-93 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/809/1/Bulletin_No_34.pdf
  • Sastry, DRK (2007) Echinodermata of India : An annotated list Records of Zoological Survey of India Occassional paper No. 271 ZSI, Kolkata 1-387 Available at - http://zsi.gov.in/checklist/Echinodermata_India_Checklist.pdf
  • James, DB (1989) Echinoderms of Lakshadweep and their zoogeography Marine living resources of the union territory of Lakshadweep: An indicative survey with suggestions for development Bulletin of Central Marine Research Institute CMFRI 43 97-144 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/8213/1/Bulletin_No_43.pdf

Page last updated on:2011-04-21

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