Macrophiothrix longipeda   (Lamarck,  1816) (Brittle Star)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Echinodermata
Class: Ophiuroidea
Order:Ophiurida
Family:Ophiotrichidae

Image Copyrights: Moorea Biocode

Description
Diameter of the disc (d.d.) = 5-20 mm, arms 10-12 times d.d.

Disc covered with thorny stumps, radial shields with rugose granule-like stumps. Dorsal arm plates more than twice as long as broad. Distal margin with a straight median region and slightly bent lateral regions. Laterodistal angles acute; broadest near the distal margin. Ventral arm plates octagonal; distal margin straight. Lateral arm plates with upto 10 thorny spines; lowest spine comb-like.


Synonym (s)
Ophiura longipeda Lamarck, 1816
Macrophiothrix longipeda Clark, 1968
Ophiothrix microplax Bell, 1884
Macrophiothrix picturata (de Loriol, 1893)
Ophiothrix longipeda (Lamarck, 1816)
Ophiothrix picturatus de Loriol, 1893
Ophiothrix punctolimbata von Martens, 1870
Ophiura longipeda Lamarck, 1816

Common Name (s)
Economic Importance and Threats

Ecology
Habitat:  Reef Associated, Sandy, Coastal

Biogeography


• Tamil Nadu, Gulf of Mannar INDIA (Record: 1963-1970)
• Lakshadweep, Agatti INDIA (Record: 27/12/1979, 29/12/1979)
• Lakshadweep, Andrott INDIA (Record: 20/12/1979)
• Lakshadweep, Kavaratti INDIA (Record: 03/01/1980, 09/02/1986, 07/02/1986, 04/01/1980)
• Lakshadweep, Minicoy INDIA (Record: 19/02/1986)
• INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Chettalatt INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Kilttan INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Kadamatt INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Andrott INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Tikadar, BK; Daniel, A and Subbarao, NV (1986) Sea shore animals of Andaman and Nicobar Islands The Director, ZSI, Kolkatta 188 Available at - ZSI, Pune
  • Venkatraman, K; Srinivasan, M; Satyanarayana, CH and Prabhakar D (2002) Faunal diversity of Gulf of Mannar biosphere reserve Conservation area series 15 ZSI 77 pp; VIII pla Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Tikader, BK and Das, AK (1985) Glimpses of animal life of Andaman and Nicobar Islands ZSI, Kolkata 1-170 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Ramakrishna; Sarkar, J and Talukdar, S (2003) Marine invertebrates of Digha coast and some recomendations on their conservation Records of the Zoological Survey of India ZSI, Kolkata 101(3-4) 1 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Sastry, DRK (2001) Echinodermata (other than Holothuroidea) from the Ritchie's Archipelago, Andaman Islands Records of the Zoological Survey of India 99(1-4) 157-170 Available at - ZSI, Pune
  • Sastry, DRK (2002) Echinodermata associated with coral reefs of Andaman and Nicobar Islands Zoological Survey of India ZSI 100(3-4) 21-60 Available at - ZSI, Pune
  • James, DB (1985) Echinoderm fauna of the proposed national park in the gulf of Mannar Proceedings of the Symposium on endangered marine animals and parks Marine Biological Association of India, Cochin 1 403-406 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Sastry, DRK (1991) Echinodermata: Asteroidea, Ophiuroidea and Echinoidea State fauna series 2: Fauna of Lakshadweep ZSI, Calcutta 363-397 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Marine Biological Station, Chennai, Tamil Nadu (2003) Checklist of marine fauna of Tamil Nadu Department of Environment, Government of Tamil Nadu Available at - http://tnenvis.nic.in
  • Dr. Ramesh, R; Dr. Nammalwar, P and Dr. Gowri, VS (2008) Database on coastal information of Tamil Nadu Report Submitted to Environmental Information System (ENVIS) Centre, Department of Environment, Government of Tamil Nadu Institute for Ocean Management, Anna University, Chennai, Tamil Nadu. Available at - http://tnenvis.nic.in/PDF/coastal%20data.pdf
  • James, DB (1985) Echinoderm fauna of the proposed National Marine Park in the Gulf of Mannar Proceedings of the symposium on endangered marine animals and marine parks Marine Biological Association of India, Cochin, India 1 403-406 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/2360/1/Article_64.pdf
  • Sastry, DRK (2007) Echinodermata of India : An annotated list Records of Zoological Survey of India Occassional paper No. 271 ZSI, Kolkata 1-387 Available at - http://zsi.gov.in/checklist/Echinodermata_India_Checklist.pdf
  • Sealifebase Available at - http://www.sealifebase.org/
  • James, DB (1989) Echinoderms of Lakshadweep and their zoogeography Marine living resources of the union territory of Lakshadweep: An indicative survey with suggestions for development Bulletin of Central Marine Research Institute CMFRI 43 97-144 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/8213/1/Bulletin_No_43.pdf

Page last updated on:2011-04-21

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