Saurida nebulosa   Valenciennes,  1850 (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii
Order:Aulopiformes
Family:Synodontidae

Image copyrights: Randall, J.E.

Description
Size: 20 cm.

Color: Ground color white or silvery, mottled on back and sides with yellowish or greenish brown. A series of darker spots at intervals along lateral line and darker crossbands on back at base of caudal fin, around adipose fin and behind dorsal fin; all fins with dark spots or flecks, often faint on pelvic and anal fins; caudal fin with a broad, vertical, pale band near base.

Body elongate and tubular; head and caudal peduncle somewhat depressed. Head 4.0- 4.25 in SL; eye 6.0- 6.4 in head. Several rows of teeth visible on both jaws even when mouth is closed; 2 series of teeth on palate (roof of mouth), outer series in 1 or 2 rows anteriorly, inner series in 2 distinct rows; vomer toothless. Dorsal fin rays 10 or 11; longest ray less than 3 times as long as last ray; pectoral fin rays 12 (rarely 11 or 13), longest ray less than 12% of standard length and extending posteriorly only as far as 3rd to 6th predorsal scale row. Pelvic rays subequal in length. Lateral line scales 46 to 52; 3 ½ scale rows above lateral line.

Dieocious, external fertilization, nonguarders, open water/substratum egg scatterers.

Remarks: Values in above description denote proportions.


Synonym (s)

Common Name (s)
• Clouded Lizardfish (English)
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial
(Fisheries)

Ecology
Habitat:  Reef Associated, Estuarine
Trophic Level:  Tertiary Consumer
Prey:  Finfish, bony fish

Biogeography


• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, John Lawrence Island INDIA (Record: 09/10/1991)
• INDIA
• Arabian Sea INDIA (Record: 02/1985-06/1987) (Depth: 32-125 mts)
• Bay of Bengal INDIA (Record: 02/1985-06/1987) (Depth: 32-125 mts)
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Hut Bay INDIA (Record: 25/10/1991)

Literature Source(s)
  • Rao, DV; Devi, K and Rajan, PT (2000) An account of ichthyofauna of Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Bay of Bengal Occasional paper no 178 Records of the Zoological Survey of India ZSI, Calcutta 1-434 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Letourneur, Y; Chabanet, P; Durville, P; Taquet, M; Teissier, E; Parmentier, M; Quero, JC and Pothin, K (2004) An updated checklist of the marine fish fauna of Reunion Island, south-western Indian Ocean Cybium 28(3) 199-216
  • Allen, GR and Mohammed, A (2003) Coral Reef Fishes of Indonesia Zoological Studies 42(1) 26299 Available at - Digital Information Resource Center, Pune.
  • Froese, R and Pauly, D (2000) Fishbase 2000: Concepts, design and data sources ICLARM 344 pp Available at - http://www.fishbase.org
  • Fischer, W and Bianchi, G (Eds.) (1984) FAO species identification sheets for fishery purposes. Western Indian Ocean (Fishing Area 51) FAO, Rome 4 Available at - http://www.fao.org/docrep/009/ad468e/ad468e00.HTM#Contents
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Balachandran, K and Nizar, MA (1990) A check list of fishes of the Exclusive Economic Zone of India collected during the research cruises of FORV Sagar Sampada Proceedings of the first workshop on scientific results of FORV Sagar Sampada CMFRI, Cochin 305-324 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/5269/1/43.pdf
  • Mishra, SS and Krishnan, S (1992) Further new records of fishes from Andaman Islands Journal of the Andaman Science Association Andaman Science Association, Port Blair 8(2) 175-177 Available at - NIO, Goa

Page last updated on:2011-05-05

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