Siphonosoma cumanense   (Keferstein,  1867) (Marine Worm)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Sipuncula
Class: Sipunculidea
Order:Golfingiida
Family:Sipunculidae

Description
Size: Common length 150 cm TL (male); trunk 85-121 mm long and 9.5-12 mm wide.

Introvert 22-26 mm long when fully everted and without hooks. Tentacles 22-30 in number encircling the mouth. Longitudinal muscle layer divided into 19-21 slightly anastomosing bands. Retractor muscles two pairs, originating more or less at same level from anterior one-fourth of trunk. Rectum with caecum and without any accessory caecum. Spindle muscle arising anteriorly by three roots and anchoring intestinal coil posteriorly. Contractile vessel with numerous short villi. Nephridia opening just anterior to anus. Transverse crescent-shaped dissepiments, coelomic papillae and oval bodies present.


Synonym (s)
Sipunculus billitonensis Shipley, 1903
Sipunculus cumanensis Shipley, 1903
Siphonosoma cumanense Cutler, Cutler and Nishikawa, 1984
Siphonosoma cumanense cumanense (Keferstein, 1867)
(Senior synonym)
Lumbricus edulis Pallas, 1774
(Junior synonym)
Phascolosoma cumanense Keferstein, 1867
(Senior synonym)
Phascolosoma hebes (Sluiter, 1902)
(Junior synonym)
Phascolosoma semirugosum Grube, 1868
(Junior synonym)
Physocosoma hebes Sluiter, 1902
(Junior synonym)
Siphonosoma billitonense (Sluiter, 1886)
(Junior synonym)
Siphonosoma carolinense Fischer, 1928
(Junior synonym)
Siphonosoma cumanense koreae (Sato, 1939)
(Junior synonym)
Siphonosoma cumanense opaca (Selenka & Bulow, 1883)
(Junior synonym)
Siphonosoma cumanense var. koreae (Sato, 1939)
(Junior synonym)
Siphonosoma cumanense var. semirugosa (Grube, 1868)
(Junior synonym)
Siphonosoma cumanense var. vitrea (Selenka & Bulow, 1883)
(Junior synonym)
Siphonosoma cumanense var. yapense Sato, 1935
(Junior synonym)
Siphonosoma cumanense yapense (Sato, 1935)
(Junior synonym)
Siphonosoma edule (Pallas, 1774)
(Junior synonym)
Siphonosoma formosum Sato, 1939
(Junior synonym)
Siphonosoma hataii Sato, 1935
(Junior synonym)
Siphonosoma koreae Sato, 1939
(Junior synonym)
Siphonosoma marchadi Stephen, 1960
(Junior synonym)
Siphonosoma novaepommeraniae (Fischer, 1926)
(Junior synonym)
Sipunculus billitonensis Sluiter, 1886
(Junior synonym)
Sipunculus claviger Sluiter, 1902
(Junior synonym)
Sipunculus cumanense (Keferstein, 1867)
(Senior synonym)
Sipunculus cumanense opacus Selenke & Bulow, 1883
(Junior synonym)
Sipunculus cumanensis semirugosum (Grube, 1868)
(Junior synonym)
Sipunculus cumanensis vitreus Selenka & Bulow, 1883
(Junior synonym)
Sipunculus deformis Baird, 1868
(Junior synonym)
Sipunculus edulis (Pallas, 1774)
(Junior synonym)
Sipunculus novaepommeraniae Fischer, 1926
(Junior synonym)

Common Name (s)
Economic Importance and Threats

Ecology
Habitat:  Benthic, Coastal

Biogeography


• Lakshadweep, Minicoy INDIA (Record: 12/12/1979)
• Lakshadweep, Kavaratti INDIA (Record: 30/03/1984)

Literature Source(s)
  • Tikadar, BK; Daniel, A and Subbarao, NV (1986) Sea shore animals of Andaman and Nicobar Islands The Director, ZSI, Kolkatta 188 Available at - ZSI, Pune
  • Murina, GV (1981) Researches on the coast of Somalia. The shore and the dune of Sar Uanle. 29. A small collection of Sipuncula and Echiura Monitore Zoologico Italiano Supplemento 14 (2) Available at - Zoological Records
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Haldar, BP (1991) Sipuncula State fauna series 2: Fauna of Lakshadweep ZSI, Calcutta 167-183 Available at - NIO, Goa

Page last updated on:2010-10-11

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