Pelagia noctiluca   (Forsskal,  1775) (Jellyfish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Cnidaria
Class: Scyphozoa
Order:Semaeostomeae
Family:Pelagiidae

Image copyrights: Teresa Zubi

Description
Size: Max length 9.0 cm WD (male)

Exumbrella with many nematocyst warts; with 16 marginal lappets; with eight marginal rhopalia alternating with eight marginal tentacles; with 16 radial stomach pouches all alike, each terminating in apair of unbranched canals extending to the marginal lappets. It has the power of luminescence.

Have both sexual and asexual reproduction. Asexual reproduction takes place by budding and fragmentation. sexual stage is seen in the summer months, asexual stage is a small benthic polyp which is perennial. The polyp generally buds larval scyphomedusae during the spring.


Synonym (s)
Pelagia perla (Slabber, 1781)

Common Name (s)
• Luminescent Jelly Fish (English)
• Mauve Stinger (English)
• Purplestripped Jelly (English)
Economic Importance and Threats

Ecology
Habitat:  Pelagic, Estuarine

Biogeography


• Tamil Nadu, Chennai Coast INDIA
• Gujarat, Off Dwarka INDIA (Record: 11/1972-10/1974)
• Andhra Pradesh, Vasishta Godavari estuary INDIA (Record: 10/1981-06/1983)

Literature Source(s)
  • Records of the Zoological Survey of India Publication Division by the Director ZSI 101(Part 1-2) 240
  • Ramakrishna and Sarkar, J On the Scyphozoa from east coast of India including Andaman and Nicobar Islands
  • Russell, FE and Nagabhushanam, R (1996) Minor phyla in the venomous and poisonous marine invertebrates of the Indian Ocean 1-271 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Ramkrishnan and Srakar, J (2003) On the scyphozoa from east coast of India, including Andaman and Nicobar Islands Records of The Zoolgical survey of India 101(1-2) 25-56 Available at - ZSI, Pune
  • Fernando, AS and Fernando, OJ (2002) A field guide to the common invertebrates of the east coast of India Centre of Advanced Study in Marine Biology 1-258 Available at - NIO, RC Kochi
  • Dr. Ramesh, R; Dr. Nammalwar, P and Dr. Gowri, VS (2008) Database on coastal information of Tamil Nadu Report Submitted to Environmental Information System (ENVIS) Centre, Department of Environment, Government of Tamil Nadu Institute for Ocean Management, Anna University, Chennai, Tamil Nadu. Available at - http://tnenvis.nic.in/PDF/coastal%20data.pdf
  • Zhong, Z (1989) Marine planktology Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg New York Tokyo 454 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Sealifebase Available at - http://www.sealifebase.org/
  • Starfish Available at - http://www.starfish.ch/
  • Sastry, AGRS and Chandramohan, P (1989) Planktonic coelenterates of Vasishta Godavari estuary, east coast of India Indian Journal of Marine Sciences Scientific Publishers 18 160-164 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Patel, MI (1976) Seasonal variation in zooplankton from the coastal waters of Saurashtra Indian Journal of Marine Sciences Scientific Publishers 5(1) 140-144 Available at - NIO, Goa

Page last updated on:2011-07-18

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