Sargocentron praslin   (Lacepede,  1802) (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii
Order:Beryciformes
Family:Holocentridae

Image copyrights: Ministry of Agriculture and Fisheries, Sultanate of Oman

Description
Size: Maximum 32 cm TL; common to 20 cm.

Color: Body with alternate stripes of silvery white and reddish brown; a triangular streak of brownish red on cheek, from eye to corner of preopercle; often a concentration of pigment forming an elongate brown spot beneath soft portion of dorsal fin and a roundish blotch above base of soft portion of anal fin; spinous portion of dorsal fin red with a median band of co-joined whitish spots, the membranes tipped with white; a large dark brown spot in axil of pectoral; front edge of pelvic fins dark.

Body with dark brown to brownish red stripes, alternating with silvery white stripes. The upper 2 dark stripes often ending in an elongate dark brown spot at the base of the soft portion of the dorsal fin, the third curving downward to end at mid-base of caudal fin, the 4th ending just before the caudal peduncle, the 5th and 6th stripes converging posteriorly on lower edge of caudal peduncle, 7th and 8th ending in a dark blotch at the rear base of soft part of anal fin. Four oblique scale rows on cheek.

Body depth 2.6-2.8 in SL, head length (HL) 2.65-2.9 in SL, short and blunt snout, length 4.4-5.1 in HL, interorbital width 3.9-4.4 in HL. Mouth terminal to slightly inferior, maxilla often extending to below center of the eye, upper jaw length 2.35-2.55 in HL, premaxillary groove often reaching above anterior edge of orbit. Anterior end of nasal bone ending in a spine, surface or medial edge of nasal bone spineless, nasal fossa without spinules (occasionally large specimens with one spinule on anterior edge of fossa), upper edge of first suborbital bone with a slightly retrorse lateral spine, followed by a low ridge of recumbent spinules. Preopercular spine 1.5-2.2 in orbit diameter, 3.7-5.8 in HL, 3rd-5th dorsal spines subequal, the longest 1.85-2.2 in HL, 3rd anal spine 1.25-1.5 in HL. Dorsal spines (total): 11-11, Dorsal soft rays (total): 12-13, Anal spines: 4, Anal soft rays: 8-9.

Dioecious, external fertilization, nonguarders, open water or substratum egg scatterers.


Synonym (s)
Holocentrum marginatum Cuvier, 1829
Perca praslin Lacepede, 1802
Sargocentron paraslin (Lacepede, 1802)
(Misspelling)

Common Name (s)
• Brownspot Squirrelfish (English)
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial
(Fisheries, marketed fresh)

Ecology
Habitat:  Reef Associated, Rocky
Trophic Level:  Consumer
Prey:  Small crabs, shrimps, zooplankton

Biogeography


• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Nicobar Islands (Lat: 7) (Long: 93) INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Andaman Islands (Lat: 10) (Long: 93) INDIA
• Red Sea
• INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Campbell Bay INDIA (Record: 28/10/1992)

Literature Source(s)
  • Rao, DV; Devi, K and Rajan, PT (2000) An account of ichthyofauna of Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Bay of Bengal Occasional paper no 178 Records of the Zoological Survey of India ZSI, Calcutta 1-434 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Devi, K and Rao, DV (2003) Poisonous and venomous fishes of Andaman Islands, Bay of Bengal Occasional paper no 211 Records of The Zoolgical Survey of India ZSI, Calcutta 25934 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • UNEP World Conservation Monitoring Centre Available at - http://www.unep-wcmc.org/
  • Kuo, RS and Shao, KT (1999) Species composition of fish in the coastal zones of the Tsengwen estuary, with descriptions of five new records from Taiwan Zoological Studies 38(4) 391-404 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Randall, JE and Heemstra, PC (1985) A review of the squirrel fishes of the subfamily Holocentrinae from the western Indian Ocean and Red Sea Ichthyological Bulletin of the J. L. B. Smith Institute of Ichthyology Available at - ZOOR12400020014
  • Randall, JE and Heemstra, PC (1985) A review of the squirrel fishes of the subfamily Holocentrinae from the western Indian Ocean and Red Sea Ichthyological Bulletin of the J. L. B. Smith Institute of Ichthyology Available at - ZOOR12400020014
  • Allen, GR (2005) Reef fishes of northwestern Madagascar RAP Bulletin of Biological Assessment 31 39-48
  • Allen, GR and Mohammed, A (2003) Coral Reef Fishes of Indonesia Zoological Studies 42(1) 26299 Available at - Digital Information Resource Center, Pune.
  • Froese, R and Pauly, D (2000) Fishbase 2000: Concepts, design and data sources ICLARM 344 pp Available at - http://www.fishbase.org
  • Al-Abdessalaam, TZS (1995) Marine species of the Sultanate of Oman p 412 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Fischer, W and Bianchi, G (Eds.) (1984) FAO species identification sheets for fishery purposes. Western Indian Ocean (Fishing Area 51) FAO, Rome 2 Available at - http://www.fao.org/docrep/009/ad468e/ad468e00.HTM#Contents
  • Pillai, NGK (1995) Studies on some aspects of biology and ecology of coral reef fishes of Lakshadweep with observations on other coral reef ecosystems of India Mariculture Research under the Postgraduate Programme in Mariculture - Part 6 CMFRI Special Publication CMFRI 61 99-111 Available at - eprints.cmfri.org.in/3467/1/Special_Publication_No_61.pdf
  • Dhandapani, P and Mishra, SS (1993) New records of marine fishes from Great Nicobar Journal of Andaman Science Association Andaman Science Association, Port Blair 9(1&2) 58-62 Available at - NIO, Goa

Page last updated on:2011-05-06

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