Sargocentron caudimaculatum   (Ruppell,  1835) (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Actinopterygii

Image copyrights: Randall, J.E.

Size: Maximum 25 cm; common to 18 cm.

Color: Red, the scales rimmed posteriorly with silvery white; a saddle-like silvery white spot dorsally on caudal peduncle; spinous dorsal fin light red to whitish, the outer triangular part of each membrane deep red; no blackish markings. In life the posterior third of the body may be silvery white.

Body depth 2.4 to 2.9 times in standard length. Dorsal profile of head slightly convex; preopercular spine long, the length about one eye diameter. Nasal fossa with 1 or 2 spinules on anterior margin. Dorsal fin with 11 spines (the last sine shortest) and 14 soft fin rays; anal fin with 4 spines and 9 soft fin rays; pectoral fin rays 13 or 14 (usually 14). Lateral line scales 40 to 43; scale rows above lateral line to middle of spinous portion of dorsal fin 2.5.

Dioecious, external fertilisation, nonguarders, open water or substratum egg scatterers.

Synonym (s)
Adioryx andamanensis (Day, 1871)
(Junior synonym)
Adioryx caudimaculatus (Ruppell, 1838)
(Senior synonym)
Holocentrum andamanense Day, 1871
(Junior synonym)
Holocentrum leonoides Bleeker, 1849
(Junior synonym)
Holocentrus andamanensis (Day, 1871)
(Junior synonym)
Holocentrus rubellio Seale, 1906
(Junior synonym)
Holocentrus ruber (non Forsskal, 1775)
(Misapplied name)
Adioryx caudimaculatus (Ruppell, 1835)
Holocentrus spinifer (non Forsskal, 1775)
(Misapplied name)
Holocentrus spiniferum (non Forsskal, 1775)
(Misapplied name)
Holocentrus caudimaculatus Smith & Smith, 1963
Holocentrum andamanense Day, 1870
Sargocentron caudimaculatus (Ruppell, 1838)
Sargocentron caudomaculatus (Ruppell, 1838)

Common Name (s)
• Theekaduva (Malayalam)
• Raverimas (Mahl)
• Silverspot Squirrelfish (English)
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial, Dangers
(Fisheries, marketed fresh, aquarium

Habitat:  Reef Associated
Trophic Level:  Tertiary Consumer
Prey:  Bony fish, crabs, shrimps/prawns, benthic crustaceans


• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Andaman Islands (Lat: 10) (Long: 93) INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands (Lat: 12.53) (Long: 92.82) INDIA
• Arabian Sea (Lat: 8.7) (Long: 76.18) INDIA (Record: 02/1985-06/1987) (Depth: 84 mts)
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Rao, DV; Devi, K and Rajan, PT (2000) An account of ichthyofauna of Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Bay of Bengal Occasional paper no 178 Records of the Zoological Survey of India ZSI, Calcutta 1-434 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Devi, K and Rao, DV (2003) Poisonous and venomous fishes of Andaman Islands, Bay of Bengal Occasional paper no 211 Records of The Zoolgical Survey of India ZSI, Calcutta 25934 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • UNEP World Conservation Monitoring Centre Available at -
  • Rouphael, T; Turak, E and Jon, B Seagrasses and mangroves of Yemen's Red Sea 41-89
  • Lloyd, JA and RP, Mounsey (1998) The potential of the trammel net as an alternative method for sampling fish on deep water reefs Fisheries Research (Amsterdam) 39(1) Available at - Zoological Records
  • Index to Organism Names (ION) Available at -
  • Froese, R and Pauly, D (2000) Fishbase 2000: Concepts, design and data sources ICLARM 344 pp Available at -
  • Rajan, PT (2003) A field guide to marine food fishes of Andaman and Nicobar Islands ZSI, 234/4, AJC Bose Road, 2nd MSO Building, (13th Floor), Nizam Palace, Kolkata-700 020 260 pp Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Letourneur, Y; Chabanet, P; Durville, P; Taquet, M; Teissier, E; Parmentier, M; Quero, JC and Pothin, K (2004) An updated checklist of the marine fish fauna of Reunion Island, south-western Indian Ocean Cybium 28(3) 199-216
  • Kemp, JM (1998) Zoogeography of the coral reef fishes of the Socotra Archipelago Journal of Biogeography 25 919-933
  • Fischer, W and Bianchi, G (Eds.) (1984) FAO species identification sheets for fishery purposes. Western Indian Ocean (Fishing Area 51) FAO, Rome 2 Available at -
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at -
  • Balachandran, K and Nizar, MA (1990) A check list of fishes of the Exclusive Economic Zone of India collected during the research cruises of FORV Sagar Sampada Proceedings of the first workshop on scientific results of FORV Sagar Sampada CMFRI, Cochin 305-324 Available at -
  • Talwar, PK (1990) Fishes of Andaman and Nicobar Islands: A synoptic survey Journal of the Andaman Science Association Andaman Science Association, Port Blair 6(2) 71-102 Available at - NIO,Goa

Page last updated on:2011-07-18

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