Sardinella melanura   (Cuvier,  1829) (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Actinopterygii

Image copyrights: Mya Than Tun

Max. size: 15.2 cm SL.

Color: Body is blue green above and the sides and below silvery white. Fins hyaline, dorsal and caudal slightly dusky; ends of caudal lobes blackish.

Head 3.6-3.9 in standard length, 4.4-4.9 in total length. Depth of body 3.8-4.0 in standard length, 4.6-5.0 in total length. Eye diameter 3.3-3.6 in head, slightly longer than snout and about 0.7 in interorbital space. Maxillary extending to below anterior third of eye. Pectoral fin equal to or slightly more than snout and eye diameter together. Ventral fin about half length of head. Dorsal fin nearer to caudal fin than to snout. Origin of ventral fin below or slightly in advance of middle dorsal fin. 18-19 preventral and 12-13 postventral scutes.
Number of spines and rays in the dorsal fin: 18-19; number of spines and rays in the anal fin: 17-18; number of rays in the pectoral fin: 15-16; number of scale rows along the midside of body from the upper corner of operculum to the midbase of caudal fin in the absence of lateral line: 42-44; number of horizontal scale rows usually counted from origin of the dorsal fin to the lateral line and from anal origin to the lateral line: 12; Gill raker count: 16-17+1+38-43.

Remarks: 1) Values in above description denote proportions.
2) The jet black caudal tips distinguish Sardinella melanura from all other species of Sardinella except Sardinella atricauda (scutes 32 to 35), Sardinella hualiensis (dark spot at dorsal fin origin, scales fimbriated and with small perforations) and Sardinella fijiense (gill rakers 87 to 134).

Synonym (s)
Clupea atricauda Day, 1878
Clupea melanura Cuvier, 1829
Harengula vittata Valenciennes, 1976
Sardinella(Harengula) atricauda Weber and de Beaufor, 1913
Sardinella melanura Cuvier, 1973
Harengula vittata Valenciennes, 1847
(Junior synonym)
Harengula vanicoris Jordan & Seale, 1906
(Junior synonym)
Harengula melanura (Cuvier, 1829)
(Senior synonym)
Clupeonia vittata Valenciennes, 1847
(Junior synonym)
Clupeonia commersonii Valenciennes, 1847
(Junior synonym)
Clupeonia commersoni Valenciennes, 1847
(Junior synonym)
Clupea otaitensis Valenciennes, 1847
Clupea melanura Cuvier, 1829
(Senior synonym)
Clupea commersonii (Valenciennes, 1847)
(Junior synonym)
Clupeonia commersoni (Val, 1847)
Sardinella nigricaudata (Chan, 1965)
Herklotsichthys vittatus (Valenciennes, 1847)
(Junior synonym)
Sardinella melaneura (Cuvier, 1829)
(Senior synonym)
Sardinella nigricaudata Chan, 1965
(Junior synonym)
Clupea (Harengula) atricauda Weber and de Beaufort, 1913
Sardinella melanura Munro, 1955

Common Name (s)
• Blackstrip Sardinella (English)
• Haid (Marathi)
• Tarli (Marathi)
• Blacktip Sardine (English)
• Blacktip sardinella (English)
• Kavalai (Tamil)
• Machi (Mahl)
• Gumbala (Mahl)
• Keeri Charlay (Malayalam)
• Mathi (Malayalam)
• Chalai (Tamil)
• Salai (Tamil)
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial
(Fisheries, marketed fresh or frozen, dried and salted, make fish meal. A robust and very good bait in the tuna fishery. )

Habitat:  Pelagic, Coastal


• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Andaman Islands (Lat: 12.5) (Long: 92.75) INDIA
• West Bengal, Digha Coast (Lat: 21.61) (Long: 87.53) INDIA
• Maharashtra, Uran Khadi INDIA
• Orissa, Chilika Lake INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Agatti INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Amini INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Minicoy INDIA
• Lakshadweep INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Port Blair INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Great Nicobar Island INDIA (Record: 08/2000-07/2003)
• Lakshadweep, Minicoy Island (Lat: 8.11) (Long: 73.3) INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands INDIA
• Arabian Sea INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands (Lat: 13.75) (Long: 94.25) INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands (Lat: 6.75) (Long: 92.16) INDIA

Literature Source(s)
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  • Singh, DF and Yazdani, GM (1993) Ichthyofauna of Konkan region of Maharashtra (India) Records of the Zoological Survey of India. Occasional paper no 145 ZSI, Calcutta 46 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Rama Rao, KV (1995) Pisces Wetland ecosystem series 1: Fauna of Chilika lake ZSI, Calcutta 483-506 Available at - NIO, Goa
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  • Hussain, SM Brief report on biodiversity in the coastal areas of Pakistan p 113
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  • Allen, GR (2005) Reef fishes of northwestern Madagascar RAP Bulletin of Biological Assessment 31 39-48
  • Goswami, BCB (1992) Marine fauna of Digha coast of West Bengal, India Journal of Marine Biological Association of India The Marine Biological Association of India, Cochin 34 115-137 Available at - NIO, RC Kochi
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  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at -
  • Bal, DV and Rao, KV (1984) Marine fisheries Tata McGraw-Hill Publishing Company Limited 470 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Jones, S and Kumaran, M (1980) Fishes of the Laccadive Archipelago The Nature Conservation and Aquatic Sciences Service, Trivandrum, Kerala 760 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Rajaram, R; Srinivasan, M; Khan, SA and Kannan, L (2004) Ichthyofaunal diversity of great Nicobar Island, Bay of Bengal Journal of Indian fisheries association 31 13-26 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Jones, S. (1969) Catalogue of fishes from the Laccadive Archipelago in the reference collections of the Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute. Bulletin of Central Marine Research Institute CMFRI, Cochin 8 1-35 Available at -
  • Whitehead, PJP (1972) A synopsis of the clupeoid fishes of India Journal of the marine biological association of India The marine biological association of India 14(1) 160-256 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Jones, S and Kumaran, M (1959) The fishing industry of Minicoy Island with special reference to the tuna fishery Indian Journal of Fisheries Indian Council of Agricultural Research 6 (1) 30-57 Available at -
  • Talwar, PK (1990) Fishes of Andaman and Nicobar Islands: A synoptic survey Journal of the Andaman Science Association Andaman Science Association, Port Blair 6(2) 71-102 Available at - NIO,Goa
  • Silas, EG and Pillai, PP (1982) Bait fishes Resources of tunas and related species and their fisheries in the Indian Ocean, CMFRI Bulletin, 32 CMFRI 32 136-140 Available at -
  • Pillai, PKM and Augustine, SK (2000) A code list of common marine living resources of the Indian seas CMFRI Special Publication No.12 CMFRI 1-115 Available at -
  • Biswas, KP (2009) Fishes around Indian Ocean Clupeidae Daya publishing house Available at - NIO,Goa
  • Biswas, KP (2009) Fishes around Indian Ocean Coastal Fishery Resources in Countries Bordering Indian Ocean Daya publishing house Available at - NIO,Goa
  • Roy, SD; Rajan, PT and Soundararajan, S (2006) Marine food fishes of Andaman and Nicobar islands Fishing Chimes 25(10) 108-110 Available at - NIO, Goa

Page last updated on:2012-01-23

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