Sardinella gibbosa   (Bleeker,  1849) (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii
Order:Clupeiformes
Family:Clupeidae

Image copyrights: Mya Than Tun

Description
Size: 17.0 cm SL.

Color: Blue green above, silvery on flanks, separated by a narrow yellow horizontal line; black spot at bases of anterior dorsal rays.

Body fusiform, slightly compressed, its depth 22 to 31% of standard length; belly sharp with keeled scutes, pre-pelvic 17 to 19, post-pelvic usually 15 (sometimes 14 or 16). Pseudobranch short, flat; gillrakers on lower arm of first arch 38 to 65. Dorsal fin with 13 to 16 branched rays, its origin slightly before midpoint of body. Anal fin with 14 to 18 branched rays, lying far behind dorsal fin. Pelvic fin with 8 rays, its origin below anterior part of dorsal fin base. Scales cycloid, thin, deciduous; anterior scales with a few perforations and fimbriated at posterior margin, posterior scales with 4 or 5 striae, interrupted at centre of scale; predorsal median ridge covered by adjacent sides of two longitudinal rows of scales.

Max. age: 7 years.


Synonym (s)
Clupea gibbosa Bleeker, 1849
Sardinella gibbosa Talwar and Kacker, 1984
Sardinella gibbosa Whitehead, 1973
Clupea immaculata (Kishinouye, 1907)
Sardinella jussieu (Lacepede, 1803)
Spratella tembang (Bleeker, 1851)
Clupea immaculata Kishinouye, 1908
Fimbriclupea dactylolepis Whitley, 1940
Fimbriclupea dactyolepis Whitley, 1940
(Misspelling)
Harengula gibbosa (Bleeker, 1849)
Sardinella dactylolepis (Whitley, 1940)
Sardinella taiwanensis Raja & Hiyama, 1969
Sardinelola gibbosa (Bleeker, 1849)
(Misspelling)
Sardinia immaculata (Kishinouye, 1908)

Common Name (s)
• Chalai (Tamil)
• Neethu Kavalai (Telugu)
• Kavallu (Telugu)
• Goldstripe Sardinella (English)
• Gold-striped sardine (English)
• Kavalai
• Gold-stripe Sardinella
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial
(Fisheries, marketed fresh or frozen, dried and salted)

Ecology
Habitat:  Pelagic, Reef Associated, Coastal
Trophic Level:  Secondary Consumer
Prey:  Phytoplankton, benthic crustaceans, planktonic crustaceans, shrimps, diatoms, planktonic copepods

Biogeography


• Gujarat, Gulf of Kachchh (Lat: 22.6) (Long: 69.5) INDIA
• Orissa, Mahanadi Estuary (Lat: 20.32) (Long: 86.75) INDIA
• MYANMAR
• Palk Bay (Lat: 9.5) (Long: 79.25) INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Chennai Coast INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Gulf of Mannar INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Great Nicobar Island INDIA (Record: 08/2000-07/2003)
• Orissa INDIA
• Andhra Pradesh INDIA
• Orissa, Puri INDIA (Record: 1987-2006)
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Rangat Bay INDIA (Record: 16/10/1991)
• Kerala, Calicut INDIA
• INDIA
• Palk Bay INDIA
• West Bengal (Lat: 21.45) (Long: 87.9) INDIA
• Tamil Nadu INDIA
• Karnataka, Karwar Coast INDIA
• Andhra Pradesh, Off Visakhapatnam INDIA
• Kerala, Vizhinjam INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands (Lat: 13.75) (Long: 94.25) INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands (Lat: 6.75) (Long: 92.16) INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Rao, DV; Devi, K and Rajan, PT (2000) An account of ichthyofauna of Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Bay of Bengal Occasional paper no 178 Records of the Zoological Survey of India ZSI, Calcutta 1-434 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Zoological Survey of India (Eds.) (1998) Fauna Of Mahanadi estuary, Orissa Estuarine ecosystem series no 3 ZSI, Kolkata 1-218 Available at - ZSI, Pune
  • Chatterjee, TK; Talukdar, RS and Mukherjee, AK (2000) Fish and fisheries of Digha coast of West Bengal Occasional paper no 188 Records of the Zoological Survey of India 31778 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Talwar, PK and Kacker, RK (1984) Commercial sea fishes of India ZSI, Calcutta 997 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Subba Rao, NV and Sastry, DRK (2005) Fauna of Marine National Park, Gulf of Kuchchh (Gujarat) ZSI 79 pp Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Froese, R and Pauly, D (2000) Fishbase 2000: Concepts, design and data sources ICLARM 344 pp Available at - http://www.fishbase.org
  • Tun, MT (2001) Marine fishes of Myanmar (pelagic and demersal) U Than Tun, Director-General, Department of Fisheries, Ministry of Livestock and Fisheries, Myanmar 276 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Marine Biological Station, Chennai, Tamil Nadu (2003) Checklist of marine fauna of Tamil Nadu Department of Environment, Government of Tamil Nadu Available at - http://tnenvis.nic.in
  • Dr. Ramesh, R; Dr. Nammalwar, P and Dr. Gowri, VS (2008) Database on coastal information of Tamil Nadu Report Submitted to Environmental Information System (ENVIS) Centre, Department of Environment, Government of Tamil Nadu Institute for Ocean Management, Anna University, Chennai, Tamil Nadu. Available at - http://tnenvis.nic.in/PDF/coastal%20data.pdf
  • Rajaram, R; Srinivasan, M; Khan, SA and Kannan, L (2004) Ichthyofaunal diversity of great Nicobar Island, Bay of Bengal Journal of Indian fisheries association 31 13-26 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Dr. Kumaraguru, AK (2000) Studies on socioeconomics of Coral Reef resource users in the Gulf of Mannar coast, South India Centre for Marine and Coastal studies School of Energy, Environment and Natural Resources Madurai Kamaraj University, Madurai, India Available at - http://planningcommission.nic.in/reports/sereport/ser/stdy_coral.pdf
  • Ramani, K; Ammini, PL; Srinivasan, J; Najeemudeen, SH; Beena, MR; George, KP; Seynudeen, MB; Subbaraman, G; Anandan, K; Khambadkar, LL; Augustine, SK; Pugazhendi, D; Rudhramurthy, N; Subramani, S; Seetharaman, S; Batcha, HK and Sankaralingam, S (2010) An overview of marine fisheries in India during 2007 Marine Fisheries Information Service CMFRI, Kochi 203 1-14 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Ammini, PL; Khambadkar, LL and Augustine, SK (2008) A brief report on the marine fisheries of Puri, Orissa Marine Fisheries Information Service Technical and Extension Series CMFRI 195 6-10 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/3454/1/3.pdf
  • Mishra, SS and Krishnan, S (1992) Further new records of fishes from Andaman Islands Journal of the Andaman Science Association Andaman Science Association, Port Blair 8(2) 175-177 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Murty, VS (1969) Catalogue of fishes (excluding from the Laccadives) in the reference collections of the Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute Bulletin of Central Marine Research Institute CMFRI, Cochin 10 1-38 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/571/1/Bulletin_10.pdf
  • Whitehead, PJP (1972) A synopsis of the clupeoid fishes of India Journal of the marine biological association of India The marine biological association of India 14(1) 160-256 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Varghese, M; Manisseri, MK; Ramamurthy, N; Geetha, PM; Thomas, VJ and Gandhi, A (2011) Coral reef fishes of Gulf of Mannar, S.E of India Fishing Chimes CMFRI 31(1) 38-40 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Pillai, PKM and Augustine, SK (2000) A code list of common marine living resources of the Indian seas CMFRI Special Publication No.12 CMFRI 1-115 Available at - eprints.cmfri.org.in/3975/1/Special_Publication_No_12_Revised.pdf
  • Biswas, KP (2009) Fishes around Indian Ocean Clupeidae Daya publishing house Available at - NIO,Goa
  • Das, P; De, SP; Bhowmik, RM; Pandit, IK; Sengupta, R; Nandi, AC; Thakurta, SC and Saha, S (2007) Piscine diversity of West Bengal Fishing chimes 27(5) 15-28 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Biswas, KP (2009) Fishes around Indian Ocean Dominant Fish Groups Occurring in Indian Coasts Daya publishing house Available at - NIO,Goa
  • Biswas, KP (2009) Fishes around Indian Ocean Coastal Fishery Resources in Countries Bordering Indian Ocean Daya publishing house Available at - NIO,Goa
  • Roy, SD; Rajan, PT and Soundararajan, S (2006) Marine food fishes of Andaman and Nicobar islands Fishing Chimes 25(10) 108-110 Available at - NIO, Goa

Page last updated on:2012-01-23

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