Sardinella fimbriata   (Valenciennes,  1847) (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii
Order:Clupeiformes
Family:Clupeidae

Image copyrights: Mya Than Tun

Description
Size: 13.0 cm SL

Color: Bluish green on back, silvery on sides and below. Dorsal fin pale greenish, dusky distally; other fins hyaline, posterior edge of caudal fin dusky.

Oblong, compressed, ventral profile more convex than dorsal. The depth of the body is 1/4th of standard length. Abdomen is keel shaped. Head 3.8-4.0 in standard length, 3.7-5.0 in total length. Depth of body 3.0-3.3 in standard length, 3.8-4.0 in total length. Eye diameter 3.6-3.7 in head, slightly more than snout and about 0.7 in interorbital space. Maxillary reaching to below first third of eye. Dorsal fin origin nearer to tip of snout than to base of caudal fin. Origin of ventral fin in advance of middle of dorsal fin. Pectoral fin equal to slightly shorter than head without snout. 14-15 predorsal scales. Scutes - 19 preventral and 14 postventral.
Number of spines and rays in the dorsal fin: 19; number of spines and rays in the anal fin: 19; number of rays in the pectoral fin: 15-16; number of scale rows along the midside of body from the upper corner of operculum to the midbase of caudal fin in the absence of lateral line: 44-45; number of horizontal scale rows usually counted from origin of the dorsal fin to the lateral line and from anal origin to the lateral line: 12; Gill raker count: 32-35+1+70-76.

Remarks: Values in above description denote proportions.


Synonym (s)
Clupea fimbriata Day, 1878
Sardinella fimbriata Talwar and Kacker, 1984
Sardinella jussieu Misra, 1976
Spratella fimbriata Valenciennes, 1847
Spratella fimbriata (Valenciennes, 1847)
Spratella fimbriata Cuvier and Valenciennes, 1847
Sardinella fimbriata Regan, 1917
Clupea (Harengula) fimbriata Weber and de Beaufort, 1913
Sardinella fimbriata Munro, 1955
Harengula fimbriata (Valenciennes, 1847)
(Senior synonym)
Sardinella fimbriata (Valenciennes, 1847)
(Senior synonym)
Spratella fimbriata Valenciennes, 1847
(Senior synonym)
Sardinelis fimbriata (Valenciennes, 1847)
(Misspelling)
Sardinella fimbricata (Valenciennes, 1847)
(Misspelling)

Common Name (s)
• Fringescale Sardinella (English)
• Fringe Scale Sardine (English)
• Karichala (Malayalam)
• Pedwa (Marathi)
• Kowal (Telugu)
• Sudai (Tamil)
• Choodai (Tamil)
• Kavallu (Telugu)
• Chalamathi (Kannada)
• Pedi (Kannada)
• Washi (Marathi)
• Kabla
• Noone Kavallu (Telugu)
• Saudai (Tamil)
• Washi (Marathi)
• Pedwa (Marathi)
• Chalamati (Malayalam)
• Chala Mathi (Malayalam)
• Charree Addee (Hindi)
• Pedvi (Gujarati)
• Khaira (Bengali)
• Chalai
• kavalai
• Pad
• Lesser Sardine (English)
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial
(Fisheries, marketed fresh or frozen, dried and salted)

Ecology
Habitat:  Pelagic, Estuarine, Coastal
Trophic Level:  Secondary Consumer
Prey:  Predominantly photoplanktonic organisms, a few copepods and other crustaceans; Zooplankton (Dinophysis, Peridinium, Ceratium, Acartia, Evadve, Penilia, Cypris larvae, Lucifer, some fish eggs and larvae and larval bivalves), phytoplankton (Biddulphia, Coscinodiscus, Thallisiothrix, Fragillaria, Nitzschia, Pleurosigma) other planktonic invertebrates
Predator:  Scomberomorus plurilineatus, Saurida tumbil, Trichiurus lepturus

Biogeography


• Kerala, Off Kochi INDIA (Record: 03/1954-07/1955)
• Orissa, Mahanadi Estuary (Lat: 20.32) (Long: 86.75) INDIA
• MYANMAR
• Tamil Nadu, Tuticorin Bay INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Gulf of Mannar INDIA
• West Coast, Malabar INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Chennai Coast INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Thoothukkudi coast INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Suheli INDIA
• Lakshadweep INDIA
• SRI LANKA
• Orissa, Chilika INDIA
• Karnataka INDIA
• Kerala INDIA
• Orissa, Puri INDIA (Record: 1987-2006)
• Tamil Nadu, Pulicat Lake INDIA
• Orissa INDIA
• Andhra Pradesh INDIA
• Orissa, Dhamra Estuary INDIA
• Maharashtra, Mumbai INDIA
• Kerala, Off Calicut INDIA (Record: 1948-1953) (Depth: 3.65-14.63 mts)
• INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands INDIA
• Andhra Pradesh, Waltair INDIA
• West Bengal (Lat: 21.45) (Long: 87.9) INDIA
• Tamil Nadu INDIA
• Karnataka, Karwar Coast INDIA
• Kerala, Vizhinjam INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands (Lat: 6.75) (Long: 92.16) INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands (Lat: 13.75) (Long: 94.25) INDIA
• Goa INDIA
• Maharashtra, Malvan (Lat: 16.07) (Long: 73.47) INDIA

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Page last updated on:2012-02-01

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