Sardinella brachysoma   Bleeker,  1852 (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Actinopterygii

Image copyrights: Mya Than Tun

Size: 13.0 cm SL

Color: Back dark, otherwise silvery, a dark spot on base and on top of dorsal.

Body deep, total scutes 29 to 32. Vertical striae on scales overlapping or sometimes continuous at center of scale, numerous small perforations on hind part of scale. Closely resembles S. hualiensis which has dark dorsal and caudal fin tips. Differs from other deep-bodied species chiefly in its lower gill raker count and presence of a dark spot at dorsal fin of origin.

Maxillary reaches to middle of eye or not so far, 2 - 2½ in head, 4-9 striae on postfrontal part of head. Operculum rather more than twice as high as wide, its lower straight-cut margin is oblique. Suboperculum rhombic, its inferior posterior angle rounded, posterior margin of praeoperculum straight, its angle rounded. Dorsal a littel nearer to base of caudal than to snout, its origin much nearer to shout, its base about as long as its height, which is about two times the height of the body. Anal much lower than dorsal, its base a little behind middle of dorsal. Pectorals longer than head without snout. Caudal about 3½ in body, scaly. Fine teeth on jaws, palatines, pterygoids and tongue. Gillrakers about 60, half as long as eye and equal to ¾ of breadth of operculum. Scales with an irregularly crenulated, incised and straight margin with irregular rows of ovale holes, on peduncle of tail with numerous reticulated and waved ridges, 15 praedorsal median scales, 17 praeventral and 12-13 postventral conspicuous scutes.
Dorsal spines (total): 0-0, Dorsal soft rays (total): 13-21, Anal spines: 0, Anal soft rays: 12-23.

Synonym (s)
Clupea brachysoma Day, 1878
Sardinella albella Misra, 1976
Sardinella brachysoma Bleeker, 1852
Herengula hypselosoma (Bleeker, 1855)
Meletta schlegelii (Darwin, 1873)
Clupea hypselosoma Gunther, 1868
Clupea (Harengula) hypselosoma Bleeker, 1872
Clupea (Harengula) brachysoma Bleeker, 1872
Clupea (Harengula) brachysoma Weber and de Beaufort, 1912
Clupea brachysoma (Bleeker, 1852)
Harengula hypselosoma Bleeker, 1855
Ilisha brachysoma (Bleeker, 1852)
Meletta schlegelii Castelnau, 1873
Pellona brachysoma Bleeker, 1852

Common Name (s)
• Deepbodied Sardinella (English)
• Currudden Toaddy (Malayalam)
• Patudda (Marathi)
• Deepbody Sardinella (English)
• Pedi (Kannada)
• Deep-body Sardine (English)
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial
(Fisheries, marked fresh or frozen, dried and salted)

Habitat:  Pelagic, Estuarine, Coastal


• Tamil Nadu, Chennai Coast INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Gulf of Mannar INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Parangipettai INDIA
• Kerala INDIA
• West Bengal (Lat: 21.45) (Long: 87.9) INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Rao, DV; Devi, K and Rajan, PT (2000) An account of ichthyofauna of Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Bay of Bengal Occasional paper no 178 Records of the Zoological Survey of India ZSI, Calcutta 1-434 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Chatterjee, TK; Talukdar, RS and Mukherjee, AK (2000) Fish and fisheries of Digha coast of West Bengal Occasional paper no 188 Records of the Zoological Survey of India 31778 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Talwar, PK and Kacker, RK (1984) Commercial sea fishes of India ZSI, Calcutta 997 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Hussain, SM Brief report on biodiversity in the coastal areas of Pakistan p 113
  • Froese, R and Pauly, D (2000) Fishbase 2000: Concepts, design and data sources ICLARM 344 pp Available at -
  • Tun, MT (2001) Marine fishes of Myanmar (pelagic and demersal) U Than Tun, Director-General, Department of Fisheries, Ministry of Livestock and Fisheries, Myanmar 276 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at -
  • Weber, M; Beaufort, LF (1965) The fishes of the Indo-Australian Archipelago E.J. Brill, Leiden, Holland 2 404 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Marine Biological Station, Chennai, Tamil Nadu (2003) Checklist of marine fauna of Tamil Nadu Department of Environment, Government of Tamil Nadu Available at -
  • Dr. Ramesh, R; Dr. Nammalwar, P and Dr. Gowri, VS (2008) Database on coastal information of Tamil Nadu Report Submitted to Environmental Information System (ENVIS) Centre, Department of Environment, Government of Tamil Nadu Institute for Ocean Management, Anna University, Chennai, Tamil Nadu. Available at -
  • Rajkumar, M, Perumal, P and Trilles, JP (2006) On the occurrence of a double parasitism (copepod and isopod) on the anchovy fish in India Journal of Environmental Biology Triveni Enterprises, Lucknow (India) 27(3) 613-614 Available at -
  • Bijukumar, A and Deepthi, GR (2009) Mean trophic index of fish fauna associated with trawl bycatch of Kerala, southwest coast of India Journal of the Marine Biological Association of India The Marine Biological Association of India, Cochin 51(2) 145 - 154 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Whitehead, PJP (1972) A synopsis of the clupeoid fishes of India Journal of the marine biological association of India The marine biological association of India 14(1) 160-256 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Pillai, PKM and Augustine, SK (2000) A code list of common marine living resources of the Indian seas CMFRI Special Publication No.12 CMFRI 1-115 Available at -
  • Das, P; De, SP; Bhowmik, RM; Pandit, IK; Sengupta, R; Nandi, AC; Thakurta, SC and Saha, S (2007) Piscine diversity of West Bengal Fishing chimes 27(5) 15-28 Available at - NIO, Goa

Page last updated on:2012-01-03

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