Sardinella albella   (Valenciennes,  1847) (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Actinopterygii

Image copyrights: Mya Than Tun

Max. size: 14.0 cm SL

Color: Back blue black, flanks silvery.

Body somewhat compressed but variable, from slender to moderately deep, total number of scutes 29 to 33. Vertical striae on scales not meeting at center, hind part of scales with a few perforations and somewhat produced posteriorly. Belly sharp, with keeled scutes, pre-pelvic usually 17 or 18, post-pelvic 12 to 14. Pseudobranch short, flat. Lower gill rakers 41 to 68 (at 4 to 15 cm standard length, increasing a little with size of fish). Dorsal fin with 14 to 16 branched rays, its origin slightly before midpoint of body. Anal fin with 16 to 19 branched rays, lying far behind dorsal fin. Pelvic fin with 8 rays, its origin below anterior part of dorsal fin base. Scales cycloid, thin, deciduous; anterior scales perforated and fimbriated at posterior margin; posterior scales with 4 or 5 vertical striae, interrupted at center of scale; pre-dorsal median ridge covered by adjacent sides of two longitudinal rows of scales.

Synonym (s)
Clupalosa bulan Bleeker, 1849
Clupea bulan (Bleeker, 1849)
Clupea perforata Cantor, 1849
Clupea perforate (Cantor, 1849)
Clupea sundaica Bleeker, 1870
Harengula bulan (Bleeker, 1849)
Harengula dollfusi Chabanaud, 1933
Kowala lauta Cantor, 1849
Sardinella albella Talwar and Kacker, 1984
Sardinella albella Whitehead, 1973
Sardinella bulan (Bleeker, 1849)
Sardinella perforata (Cantor, 1849)
Sardinella perforata (Cantor)Misra, 1976
Spratella kowala Bleeker, 1851

Common Name (s)
• White Sardinella (English)
• Perforated Scale Sardine (English)
• Short Bodied Sardine (English)
• Thatta Kavalai (English)
• Chooda Mathi (Malayalam)
• Thatta Kavali (Tamil)
• Schudai (Tamil)
• Sudai (Tamil)
• Thattakavalai (Tamil)
• Kavalley (Telugu)
• White Sardinella (English)
• Choodai (Tamil)
• Short-body sardine
• Choodai
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial
(Fisheries, marketed fresh or frozen, dried and salted)

Habitat:  Pelagic, Reef Associated, Coastal
Trophic Level:  Secondary Consumer
Prey:  Zooplankton (crustaceans, larval molluscs other planktonic invertebrates) and phytoplankton
Predator:  Scomberomorus plurilineatus


• Orissa, Mahanadi Estuary (Lat: 20.32) (Long: 86.75) INDIA
• West Bengal, Digha Coast (Lat: 21.61) (Long: 87.53) INDIA
• Red Sea
• Gulf of Oman
• Persian Gulf
• Southeast Coast INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Gulf of Mannar INDIA
• Andhra Pradesh INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Rameswaram INDIA
• Kerala, Off Calicut INDIA (Record: 1948-1953) (Depth: 3.65-14.63 mts)
• Palk Bay INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Tuticorin Coast INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands (Lat: 6.75) (Long: 92.16) INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands (Lat: 13.75) (Long: 94.25) INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Bensan, P (1986) Early developmental stages of some marine fishes from India 1. Nematalosa nasus, Sardinella clupeoides, S. fimbriata, S. sirm and S. albella Umila Mer 24(1) 33-41 Available at - NCL, Pune (ASFA Records)
  • Zoological Survey of India (Eds.) (1998) Fauna Of Mahanadi estuary, Orissa Estuarine ecosystem series no 3 ZSI, Kolkata 1-218 Available at - ZSI, Pune
  • Talwar, PK and Kacker, RK (1984) Commercial sea fishes of India ZSI, Calcutta 997 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Heemstra, E; Heemstra, P; Smale, M; Hoopers, T and Pelicier, D (2004) Preliminary checklist of coastal fishes from the Mauritian island of Rodrigues Journal of natural history Taylor and Francis 38(23-24) 3315 - 3350 Available at - index/
  • Froese, R and Pauly, D (2000) Fishbase 2000: Concepts, design and data sources ICLARM 344 pp Available at -
  • Goswami, BCB (1992) Marine fauna of Digha coast of West Bengal, India Journal of Marine Biological Association of India The Marine Biological Association of India, Cochin 34 115-137 Available at - NIO, RC Kochi
  • Tun, MT (2001) Marine fishes of Myanmar (pelagic and demersal) U Than Tun, Director-General, Department of Fisheries, Ministry of Livestock and Fisheries, Myanmar 276 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at -
  • Al-Abdessalaam, TZS (1995) Marine species of the Sultanate of Oman p 412 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Fischer, W and Bianchi, G (Eds.) (1984) FAO species identification sheets for fishery purposes. Western Indian Ocean; (Fishing area 51). FAO, Rome 1 Available at -
  • Dr. Kumaraguru, AK (2000) Studies on socioeconomics of Coral Reef resource users in the Gulf of Mannar coast, South India Centre for Marine and Coastal studies School of Energy, Environment and Natural Resources Madurai Kamaraj University, Madurai, India Available at -
  • Ramani, K; Ammini, PL; Srinivasan, J; Najeemudeen, SH; Beena, MR; George, KP; Seynudeen, MB; Subbaraman, G; Anandan, K; Khambadkar, LL; Augustine, SK; Pugazhendi, D; Rudhramurthy, N; Subramani, S; Seetharaman, S; Batcha, HK and Sankaralingam, S (2010) An overview of marine fisheries in India during 2007 Marine Fisheries Information Service CMFRI, Kochi 203 1-14 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Murty, VS (1969) Catalogue of fishes (excluding from the Laccadives) in the reference collections of the Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute Bulletin of Central Marine Research Institute CMFRI, Cochin 10 1-38 Available at -
  • Venkataraman, G (1960) Studies on the food and feeding relationships of the inshore fishes off Calicut on the Malabar coast Indian Journal of Fisheries Indian Council of Agricultural Research 7 (2) 275-306 Available at -
  • Whitehead, PJP (1972) A synopsis of the clupeoid fishes of India Journal of the marine biological association of India The marine biological association of India 14(1) 160-256 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Varghese, M; Manisseri, MK; Ramamurthy, N; Geetha, PM; Thomas, VJ and Gandhi, A (2011) Coral reef fishes of Gulf of Mannar, S.E of India Fishing Chimes CMFRI 31(1) 38-40 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Pillai, PKM and Augustine, SK (2000) A code list of common marine living resources of the Indian seas CMFRI Special Publication No.12 CMFRI 1-115 Available at -
  • Biswas, KP (2009) Fishes around Indian Ocean Clupeidae Daya publishing house Available at - NIO,Goa
  • Biswas, KP (2009) Fishes around Indian Ocean Dominant Fish Groups Occurring in Indian Coasts Daya publishing house Available at - NIO,Goa
  • Roy, SD; Rajan, PT and Soundararajan, S (2006) Marine food fishes of Andaman and Nicobar islands Fishing Chimes 25(10) 108-110 Available at - NIO, Goa

Page last updated on:2012-01-23

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