Sarda orientalis   (Temminck & Schlegel,  1844) (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii
Order:Perciformes
Family:Scombridae

Image copyrights: Mya Than Tun

Description
Size: 30-102 cm.

Max. weight reported: 10.7 kg

Color: The back and upper sides of the fish are steel-blue in color with 5-11 dark and slightly oblique stripes running forward and downwards. Lower sides and belly silvery. Juveniles (to 30 cm fork length) with several transverse bars. First dorsal fin solid black.

The striped bonito is a slender-bodied tuna with a pointed snout. Mouth rather wide, upper jaw reaching beyond hind margin of eye; teeth fairly large and conical, 12 to 20 on each side in upper jaw, 10 to 17 in each lower jaw; no tooth patches on upper surface of tongue; 8 to 13 gillrakers on first arch. Dorsal fins close together, the first (spiny) very long, (17 to 19 spines) and straight or only slightly concave in outline; 7 to 9 dorsal and 6 to 7 anal finlets; pectoral fins short; pelvic fins separated by 2 flaps (interpelvic process). Lateral line conspicuously wavy. Body completely covered with very small scales except on the well developed corselet. Caudal peduncle slender, with a prominent lateral keel between 2 smaller keels on each side. Laminae of olfactory rosette 21 to 39. Swim bladder absent. Spleen large and prominent in ventral view. Liver with elongate left and right lobes and a short middle lobe. Back with narrow oblique stripes. Head large, maxilla more than half the length of head. Corselet not large, not extending beyond tip of pectoral. Lateral line arched above the pectoral and slightly undulating over the body. Teeth more in upper jaw (10-14) than in the lower jaw (7-12). Finlets 7-8/5.7. Gill rakers small in number varying from
1+8 to 4+10,but mostly around 3+9 in samples from the Indian coasts.

The species is heterosexual. Dioecious, external fertilization. Spawning frequency variable throughout range. Nonguarders, open water or substratum egg scatterers.


Synonym (s)
Sarda orientalis (Jordan & Snyder, 1900)
Sarda velox (Meek & Hildebrand, 1923)
Sarda orientalis serventyi (Whitely, 1945)
Pelamys orientalis Temminck and Schlegel, 1842
Pelamys chilensis Day, 1889
Sarda orientalis Kishinouye, 1923
Pelamys orientalis Temminck & Schlegel, 1844
Sarda velox Meek & Hildebrand, 1923
Scarda chilensis var. Orientalis Stemindachner and Doderlein, 1883
Sarda chilensis (nec Cuvier) Smith, 1949

Common Name (s)
• Striped Bonito (English)
• Oriental Bonito (English)
• Vari Choora (Malayalam)
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial
(Fisheries, gamefish, marketed fresh or frozen, dried and salted, canned; major food item.)

Ecology
Habitat:  Pelagic, Coastal
Trophic Level:  Tertiary Consumer
Prey:  Zoobenthos, nekton, benthic crustaceans, cephalopods, finfish, crabs, lobsters, shrimps, squids, bony fish
Predator:  Carcharhinus tilstoni

Biogeography


• MYANMAR
• Kerala, Vizhinjam INDIA
• West Coast INDIA
• Gulf of Oman
• Tamil Nadu, Tuticorin INDIA (Record: 1989-2002)
• Tamil Nadu, Chennai INDIA
• Arabian Sea (Lat: 16.5) (Long: 72.35) INDIA (Record: 02/1985-06/1987) (Depth: 104 mts)
• Kerala INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Kanniyakumari INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands INDIA
• INDIA
• Off South West Coast INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Tuticorin INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Rao, DV; Devi, K and Rajan, PT (2000) An account of ichthyofauna of Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Bay of Bengal Occasional paper no 178 Records of the Zoological Survey of India ZSI, Calcutta 1-434 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Letourneur, Y; Chabanet, P; Durville, P; Taquet, M; Teissier, E; Parmentier, M; Quero, JC and Pothin, K (2004) An updated checklist of the marine fish fauna of Reunion Island, south-western Indian Ocean Cybium 28(3) 199-216
  • Michel, P; Francis, M; Yves, C; Vincent, L; Richard, S; Olivier, M and Menard, F (2007) Forage fauna in the diet of three large pelagic fishes (lancetfish, swordfish and yellowfin tuna) in the Western equatorial Indian Ocean Science Direct (Fisheries Research) 83 60-72 Available at - NCL Information Division
  • Froese, R and Pauly, D (2000) Fishbase 2000: Concepts, design and data sources ICLARM 344 pp Available at - http://www.fishbase.org
  • Tun, MT (2001) Marine fishes of Myanmar (pelagic and demersal) U Than Tun, Director-General, Department of Fisheries, Ministry of Livestock and Fisheries, Myanmar 276 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Bal, DV and Rao, KV (1984) Marine fisheries Tata McGraw-Hill Publishing Company Limited 470 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Al-Abdessalaam, TZS (1995) Marine species of the Sultanate of Oman p 412 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Abdussamad, EM; Pillai, PP; Kasim, HM and Balasubramanian, TS (2005) Fishery and population characteristics of coastal tunas at Tuticorin Journal of the Marine Biological Association of India The Marine Biological Association of India, Cochin, India 47(1) 50-56 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Talwar, PK and Kacker, RK (1984) Commercial sea fishes of India ZSI, Calcutta 997 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Fischer, W and Bianchi, G (Eds.) (1984) FAO species identification sheets for fishery purposes. Western Indian Ocean (Fishing Area 51) FAO, Rome 4 Available at - http://www.fao.org/docrep/009/ad468e/ad468e00.HTM#Contents
  • Fischer, W and Whitehead, PJP (1974) FAO species identification sheets for fishery purposes. Eastern Indian Ocean - Fishing Area 57 and Western Central Pacific - Fishing Area 71 FAO, Rome 4 Available at - http://www.fao.org/docrep/009/e9163e/e9163e00.htm
  • Balachandran, K and Nizar, MA (1990) A check list of fishes of the Exclusive Economic Zone of India collected during the research cruises of FORV Sagar Sampada Proceedings of the first workshop on scientific results of FORV Sagar Sampada CMFRI, Cochin 305-324 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/5269/1/43.pdf
  • Nair, RV; Rao, KV and Dorairaj, K (1970) The tunas and tuna-like fishes of India Bulletin Of Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute CMFRI, Cochin 23 1-110 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/611/1/Bulletin_23.pdf
  • Ramani, K; Ammini, PL; Srinivasan, J; Najeemudeen, SH; Beena, MR; George, KP; Seynudeen, MB; Subbaraman, G; Anandan, K; Khambadkar, LL; Augustine, SK; Pugazhendi, D; Rudhramurthy, N; Subramani, S; Seetharaman, S; Batcha, HK and Sankaralingam, S (2010) An overview of marine fisheries in India during 2007 Marine Fisheries Information Service CMFRI, Kochi 203 1-14 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Jones, S and Silas, EG (1960) Indian tunas—A preliminary review, with a key for their identification Indian Journal of Fisheries CMFRI 7 (2) 369-393 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/1902/1/Article_07.pdf
  • Jones, S; Silas, EG and Dawson, E (1960) New records of scombroid fishes from the Andaman-Nicobar waters Journal of the marine biological association of India The marine biological association of India 2(1) 130-133 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/1619/1/Jones_136-138.pdf
  • Talwar, PK (1990) Fishes of Andaman and Nicobar Islands: A synoptic survey Journal of the Andaman Science Association Andaman Science Association, Port Blair 6(2) 71-102 Available at - NIO,Goa
  • Pillai, PKM and Augustine, SK (2000) A code list of common marine living resources of the Indian seas CMFRI Special Publication No.12 CMFRI 1-115 Available at - eprints.cmfri.org.in/3975/1/Special_Publication_No_12_Revised.pdf
  • Biswas, KP (2009) Fishes around Indian Ocean Indian Mackerel, Rastrelliger kanagurta (Cuv) Daya publishing house Available at - NIO,Goa
  • Biswas, KP (2009) Fishes around Indian Ocean Dominant Fish Groups Occurring in Indian Coasts Daya publishing house Available at - NIO,Goa

Page last updated on:2012-01-04

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