Linckia multifora   (Lamarck,  1816) (Starfish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Echinodermata
Class: Asteroidea
Order:Valvatida
Family:Ophidiasteridae

Image copyrights: Moorea Biocode

Description
Size: Distance from the centre of the mouth to the tip of the arm (R) = 20-70 mm.

Color: Background blue-green with deep blue markings, deep fawn with brown markings or pale fawn with purple markings, always paler adorally.

Arms five or often more, generally unequal, slender, tapering to a narrow tip. Abactinal plates not in regular longitudinal series. Abactinal and actinal plates completely covered by rounded granules. Madreporites two or more. Adambulacrals with a single series of enlarged tubercles in the furrow with intervening granules and a single series of spaced enlarged granules in the subambulacral area with intervening actinal granules and separated from the furrow series by two to four series of actinal granules.


Synonym (s)
Asterias multifora Lamarck, 1816
Linckia multifora Bell, 1903
Linckia multifora James, 1969
Linckia costae Russo, 1894
Linckia leachi Gray, 1840
Linckia typus Gray, 1840
Ophidiaster multiforis Muller & Troschel, 1842

Common Name (s)
Economic Importance and Threats

Ecology
Habitat:  Benthic, Reef Associated, Coastal

Biogeography


• Tamil Nadu, Gulf of Mannar INDIA (Record: 1963-1970)
• Lakshadweep, Agatti INDIA (Record: 04/04/1984-06/04/1984)
• Lakshadweep, Kadamatt INDIA (Record: 11/4/1984)
• Lakshadweep, Kavaratti INDIA (Record: 03/01/1980, 05/01/1980, 29/03/1984, 07/02/1986-09/02/1986)
• Lakshadweep, Minicoy INDIA (Record: 19/02/1986)
• Tamil Nadu, Mandapam INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Tuticorin INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Bitra INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Agatti INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Minicoy INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Port Blair INDIA
• INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Chettalatt INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Kilttan INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Kadamatt INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Amini INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Tikadar, BK; Daniel, A and Subbarao, NV (1986) Sea shore animals of Andaman and Nicobar Islands The Director, ZSI, Kolkatta 188 Available at - ZSI, Pune
  • Venkatraman, K; Srinivasan, M; Satyanarayana, CH and Prabhakar D (2002) Faunal diversity of Gulf of Mannar biosphere reserve Conservation area series 15 ZSI 77 pp; VIII pla Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Sastry, DRK (2002) Echinodermata associated with coral reefs of Andaman and Nicobar Islands Zoological Survey of India ZSI 100(3-4) 21-60 Available at - ZSI, Pune
  • Species belonging to porifera in Indian Ocean
  • James, DB (1985) Echinoderm fauna of the proposed national park in the gulf of Mannar Proceedings of the Symposium on endangered marine animals and parks Marine Biological Association of India, Cochin 1 403-406 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Sastry, DRK (1991) Echinodermata: Asteroidea, Ophiuroidea and Echinoidea State fauna series 2: Fauna of Lakshadweep ZSI, Calcutta 363-397 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Marine Biological Station, Chennai, Tamil Nadu (2003) Checklist of marine fauna of Tamil Nadu Department of Environment, Government of Tamil Nadu Available at - http://tnenvis.nic.in
  • Dr. Ramesh, R; Dr. Nammalwar, P and Dr. Gowri, VS (2008) Database on coastal information of Tamil Nadu Report Submitted to Environmental Information System (ENVIS) Centre, Department of Environment, Government of Tamil Nadu Institute for Ocean Management, Anna University, Chennai, Tamil Nadu. Available at - http://tnenvis.nic.in/PDF/coastal%20data.pdf
  • CalPhotos Available at - http://calphotos.berkeley.edu/
  • James, DB (1985) Echinoderm fauna of the proposed National Marine Park in the Gulf of Mannar Proceedings of the symposium on endangered marine animals and marine parks Marine Biological Association of India, Cochin, India 1 403-406 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/2360/1/Article_64.pdf
  • James, PSBR ; Thomas, PA ; Pillai, CSG and Achari Kumaraswamy, GP (1969) ´╗┐Catalogue of types and of sponges, corals, polychaetes, crabs and echinoderms in the reference collections of the Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute Bulletin of Central Marine Research Institute CMFRI, Cochin 7 1-66 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/567/1/Bulletin_7.pdf
  • Sastry, DRK (2007) Echinodermata of India : An annotated list Records of Zoological Survey of India Occassional paper No. 271 ZSI, Kolkata 1-387 Available at - http://zsi.gov.in/checklist/Echinodermata_India_Checklist.pdf
  • James, DB (1989) Echinoderms of Lakshadweep and their zoogeography Marine living resources of the union territory of Lakshadweep: An indicative survey with suggestions for development Bulletin of Central Marine Research Institute CMFRI 43 97-144 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/8213/1/Bulletin_No_43.pdf

Page last updated on:2011-04-21

Back to Search