Linckia laevigata   (Linnaeus,  1758) (Starfish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Echinodermata
Class: Asteroidea
Order:Valvatida
Family:Ophidiasteridae

Image copyrights: Teresa Zubi

Description
Size: Distance from the centre of the mouth to the tip of the arm (R) = 40-140 mm.

Arms five, equal, cylindrical, blunt at tip. Abactinal plates not in regular longitudinal series. Actinal and abactinal plates completely covered by round granules. Madreporite single. Adambulacral plates with small tubercle-like furrow spines and enlarged granule-like subambulacral armature in a single series much separated from the furrow spines by three or four rows of fine actinal granules.


Synonym (s)
Asterias laevigata Linnaeus, 1758
Linckia laevigata Bell, 1903
Scytaster novaecaledoniae Bell, 1903
Linckia laevigata James, 1969
Linckia browni Gray, 1840
Linckia crassae Gray, 1840
Linckia hondurae Domantay & Roxas, 1938
Linckia miliaris (Muller & Troschel, 1840)
Linckia rosenbergi von Martens, 1866
Linckia suturalis von Martens, 1866
Linckia typus Nardo, 1834
Ophidiaster clathratus Grube, 1865
Ophidiaster crassa (Gray, 1840)
Ophidiaster laevigatus Muller & Troschel, 1842
Ophidiaster miliaris Muller & Troschel, 1842
Ophidiaster propinquus Livingstone, 1932

Common Name (s)
Economic Importance and Threats

Ecology
Habitat:  Benthic, Reef Associated, Coastal

Biogeography


• Tamil Nadu, Gulf of Mannar INDIA (Record: 1963-1970)
• Lakshadweep, Kavaratti INDIA (Record: 22/12/1979, 04/01/1980, 29/03/1984, 08/02/1986-09/02/1986)
• Lakshadweep, Minicoy INDIA (Record: 15/02/1986, 19/02/1986)
• Tamil Nadu, Chennai Coast INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Tuticorin INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Port Blair INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Minicoy INDIA
• INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Bitra INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Amini INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Agatti INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Kavaratti INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Minicoy INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Tikadar, BK; Daniel, A and Subbarao, NV (1986) Sea shore animals of Andaman and Nicobar Islands The Director, ZSI, Kolkatta 188 Available at - ZSI, Pune
  • Venkatraman, K; Srinivasan, M; Satyanarayana, CH and Prabhakar D (2002) Faunal diversity of Gulf of Mannar biosphere reserve Conservation area series 15 ZSI 77 pp; VIII pla Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Tikader, BK and Das, AK (1985) Glimpses of animal life of Andaman and Nicobar Islands ZSI, Kolkata 1-170 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Sastry, DRK (2001) Echinodermata (other than Holothuroidea) from the Ritchie's Archipelago, Andaman Islands Records of the Zoological Survey of India 99(1-4) 157-170 Available at - ZSI, Pune
  • Sastry, DRK (2002) Echinodermata associated with coral reefs of Andaman and Nicobar Islands Zoological Survey of India ZSI 100(3-4) 21-60 Available at - ZSI, Pune
  • Fernando, AS and Fernando, OJ (2002) A field guide to the common invertebrates of the east coast of India Centre of Advanced Study in Marine Biology 1-258 Available at - NIO, RC Kochi
  • James, DB (1985) Echinoderm fauna of the proposed national park in the gulf of Mannar Proceedings of the Symposium on endangered marine animals and parks Marine Biological Association of India, Cochin 1 403-406 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Sastry, DRK (1991) Echinodermata: Asteroidea, Ophiuroidea and Echinoidea State fauna series 2: Fauna of Lakshadweep ZSI, Calcutta 363-397 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Marine Biological Station, Chennai, Tamil Nadu (2003) Checklist of marine fauna of Tamil Nadu Department of Environment, Government of Tamil Nadu Available at - http://tnenvis.nic.in
  • Dr. Ramesh, R; Dr. Nammalwar, P and Dr. Gowri, VS (2008) Database on coastal information of Tamil Nadu Report Submitted to Environmental Information System (ENVIS) Centre, Department of Environment, Government of Tamil Nadu Institute for Ocean Management, Anna University, Chennai, Tamil Nadu. Available at - http://tnenvis.nic.in/PDF/coastal%20data.pdf
  • Starfish Available at - http://www.starfish.ch/
  • James, DB (1985) Echinoderm fauna of the proposed National Marine Park in the Gulf of Mannar Proceedings of the symposium on endangered marine animals and marine parks Marine Biological Association of India, Cochin, India 1 403-406 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/2360/1/Article_64.pdf
  • James, PSBR ; Thomas, PA ; Pillai, CSG and Achari Kumaraswamy, GP (1969) ´╗┐Catalogue of types and of sponges, corals, polychaetes, crabs and echinoderms in the reference collections of the Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute Bulletin of Central Marine Research Institute CMFRI, Cochin 7 1-66 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/567/1/Bulletin_7.pdf
  • James, DB. (1983) Sea cucumber and sea urchin resources and Beche-de-mer industry Mariculture potential of Andaman and Nicobar Islands-An indicative survey Bulletin of Central Marine Fisheries Institute CMFRI, Cochin 34 85-93 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/809/1/Bulletin_No_34.pdf
  • Sastry, DRK (2007) Echinodermata of India : An annotated list Records of Zoological Survey of India Occassional paper No. 271 ZSI, Kolkata 1-387 Available at - http://zsi.gov.in/checklist/Echinodermata_India_Checklist.pdf
  • James, DB (1989) Echinoderms of Lakshadweep and their zoogeography Marine living resources of the union territory of Lakshadweep: An indicative survey with suggestions for development Bulletin of Central Marine Research Institute CMFRI 43 97-144 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/8213/1/Bulletin_No_43.pdf
  • Rao, GC (1991) Distribution of plants and animals on the rocky sea shores of Andaman and Nicobar Islands Journal of the Andaman Science Association Andaman Science Association, Port Blair 7(2) 30-42 Available at - NIO, Goa

Page last updated on:2011-09-02

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