Carcharhinus macloti   (Muller & Henle,  1839) (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Elasmobranchii

Image copyrights: Iranian Fisheries Research Organization (IFRO)

Size: Length 60 cm

Color: Greyish to grey-brown on the back while the belly is white

Body is slender. Snout is very long and either rounded or pointed with its length being greater than the width of the mouth. Teeth in numerous rows, with smooth-edged cusps, upper anterior teeth with narrow cusps and well delimited from bases. The labial furrows are very short and the anterior nasal flaps are with a slender elongate lobe. The first dorsal fin is moderately large and has a narrowly rounded to pointed apex and originates from just over the inner margins of pectoral fins. The second dorsal is very low and small, and its origin is slightly behind that of the anal fin which is equally small. The posterior margins of the pectoral fins and the ventral caudal fin lobe are with conspicuous white ends. The caudal fin is edged in black.

Dioecious, internal (oviduct) fertilization; internal live bearers. Viviparous, placental. 1 or 2 (usually 2) in a litter. Size at birth 45 to 50 cm TL. Distinct pairing with embrace. 12 months gestation period.

Synonym (s)
Carcharias macloti Muller & Henle, 1839
(Senior synonym)
Carcharias macloti Day, 1878
Carcharias (Hypoprion) macloti Muller & Henle, 1841
Hypoprion macloti (Muller & Henle, 1839)
(Senior synonym)
Hypoprion macloti Misra, 1969

Common Name (s)
• Hardnose Shark (English)
• Maclots Shark (English)
• Teki Mushi (Marathi)
• Toki Mushi (Marathi)
• Pala Sorrah (Telugu)
• Pala Sorrah (Telugu)
• Sorrah Kowah (Telugu)
• Sorrah Kowah (Telugu)
• Sravu (Malayalam)
• Muthra sorrah (Tamil)
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial
(Fisheries, utilised fresh-frozen or smoked for human consumption; fins for soup, hide for leather, liver for oil and carcass for fish meal. Fins and cartilage exported.)

Habitat:  Demersal, Open Sea
Trophic Level:  Secondary Consumer
Prey:  Fishes, cephalopods, crustaceans


• West Bengal, Digha Coast (Lat: 21.61) (Long: 87.53) INDIA
• Gulf of Oman
• Kerala, Kochi INDIA (Record: 2000-2002)
• Tamil Nadu, Gulf of Mannar INDIA
• Kerala INDIA
• Andaman Sea
• North West Coast INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands INDIA
• Gujarat INDIA
• Kerala, Kochi Fisheries Harbour INDIA (Record: 01/2008-06/2009)

Literature Source(s)
  • Venkataraman, K; Milton, MCJ and Raghuram, KP (2003) Handbook on sharks of Indian waters ZSI, Kolkata 1-113
  • Rao, DV; Devi, K and Rajan, PT (2000) An account of ichthyofauna of Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Bay of Bengal Occasional paper no 178 Records of the Zoological Survey of India ZSI, Calcutta 1-434 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • UNEP World Conservation Monitoring Centre Available at -
  • Froese, R and Pauly, D (2000) Fishbase 2000: Concepts, design and data sources ICLARM 344 pp Available at -
  • Compagno, LJV; Last, PR; Stevens, JD and MNR, Alava (2005) Checklist of Philippine Chondrichthyes CSIRO Marine Laboratories 104 pp Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Hussain, SM Brief report on biodiversity in the coastal areas of Pakistan p 113
  • (2003) IUCN Red list of threatened species Available at -
  • Goswami, BCB (1992) Marine fauna of Digha coast of West Bengal, India Journal of Marine Biological Association of India The Marine Biological Association of India, Cochin 34 115-137 Available at - NIO, RC Kochi
  • Menon, NR and Menon, NN (2006) Taxonomy of Bryozoa from the Indian EEZ. A monograph Ocean Science and Technology Cell on Marine Benthos, Kochi and Centre for Marine Living resources and Ecology, Kochi 263 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Al-Abdessalaam, TZS (1995) Marine species of the Sultanate of Oman p 412 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Joshi, KK; Balachandran, K and Raje, SG (2008) Changes in the shark fishery at Cochin Journal of the Marine Biological Association of India The Marine Biological Association of India, Cochin, India 50(1) 103-105 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at -
  • Dr. Ramesh, R; Dr. Nammalwar, P and Dr. Gowri, VS (2008) Database on coastal information of Tamil Nadu Report Submitted to Environmental Information System (ENVIS) Centre, Department of Environment, Government of Tamil Nadu Institute for Ocean Management, Anna University, Chennai, Tamil Nadu. Available at -
  • Talwar, PK and Kacker, RK (1984) Commercial sea fishes of India ZSI, Calcutta 997 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Fischer, W and Bianchi, G (Eds.) (1984) FAO species identification sheets for fishery purposes. Western Indian Ocean (Fishing Area 51) FAO, Rome 5 Available at -
  • Dr. Kumaraguru, AK (2000) Studies on socioeconomics of Coral Reef resource users in the Gulf of Mannar coast, South India Centre for Marine and Coastal studies School of Energy, Environment and Natural Resources Madurai Kamaraj University, Madurai, India Available at -
  • Raje, SG; Sivakami, S; Mohanraj, G; Manoj Kumar, PP; Raju, A and Joshi, KK (2007) An atlas on the Elasmobranch fishery resources of India CMFRI Special publication CMFRI, Cochin, India. 95 253pp Available at -
  • Talwar, PK (1990) Fishes of Andaman and Nicobar Islands: A synoptic survey Journal of the Andaman Science Association Andaman Science Association, Port Blair 6(2) 71-102 Available at - NIO,Goa
  • Kizhakudan, SJ; Nair, KVS and Zala, MS Demersal Finfish Resources of Gujarat Sustainable fisheries development: Focus on Gujarat 57-66 Available at -
  • Pillai, PKM and Augustine, SK (2000) A code list of common marine living resources of the Indian seas CMFRI Special Publication No.12 CMFRI 1-115 Available at -
  • Akhilesh, KV; Ganga, U; Pillai, NGK; Vivekanandan, E; Bineesh, KK; Shanis, CPR and Hashim, M (2011) Deep-sea fishing for chondrichthyan resources and sustainability concerns-a case study from southwest coast of India Indian Journal of Geo-Marine Sciences NISCAIR 40(3) 347-355 Available at -

Page last updated on:2012-02-17

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