Carcharhinus dussumieri   (Valenciennes, in Muller & Henle,  1839) (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Chordata
Class: Elasmobranchii
Order:Carcharhiniformes
Family:Carcharhinidae

Image copyrights: Randall, J.E.

Description
Size: Max length 120 cm TL (male/unsexed)

Color: Back dark grey, belly greyish or white; second dorsal fin with a conspicuous black tip.

Body elongate and slender. Snout narrowly rounded, moderately long, equal to mouth width; labial folds very short; anterior nasal flaps very low and rudimentary. Teeth with usually 13 or 14 rows on either side of small medial or alternate teeth at symphysis; upper anterior teeth with large serrated cusps, well delimited from bases; teeth in lower jaw erect, their edges only slightly serrated. First dorsal fin broadly triangular, not falcate, its origin behind the free rear tips of pectoral fins; second dorsal fin very low. Pectoral fins long and triangular, falcate. No dermal ridge between dorsal fins.

Dioecious, internal (oviduct) fertilization, internal live bearers. Viviparous, placental. With 2 to 4 pups in a litter; 37-38 cm at birth. Both male and females mature at about 70 cm. Distinct pairing with embrace. No distinct seasonal reproductive cycle apparent, instead continuously breeding with most mature females pregnant or spent at any one time.


Synonym (s)
Carcharhinus menisorrah Misra, 1969
Carcharias menisorrah (nec Muller & Henle) Day, 1878
Carcharhinus menisorrah (Muller & Henle, 1839)
(Ambiguous synonym)
Carcharhinus sealei (non Pietschmann, 1913)
(Misapplied name)
Carcharhinus tjutjot (Bleeker, 1852)
(Junior synonym)
Carcharias dussumieri Muller & Henle, 1839
(Senior synonym)
Carcharias javanicus Bleeker, 1852
(Junior synonym)
Carcharias malabaricus Day, 1873
(Junior synonym)
Carcharias tjutjot Bleeker, 1852
(Junior synonym)
Carcharias (Prionodon) dussumieri Muller and Henle, 1841

Common Name (s)
• Karimuthu Sorrah (Telugu)
• Whitecheeked Shark (English)
• Whitecheek Shark (English)
• Moosi (Gujarati)
• Tharvat (Kannada)
• Balda (Marathi)
• Ghari Mushi (Marathi)
• Kondian Sorrah (Tamil)
• Suga Sorrah (Telugu)
• Shivra (Kannada)
• Karimthala Sravu (Malayalam)
• Choti Mushi (Marathi)
• Kondaiyan sorrah
• Sravu (Malayalam)
• Dhalla Magar (Oriya)
• Kamarah (Bengali)
• White checked Shark
• Magra
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial
(Fisheries; taken in artisanal and small-scale commercial fisheries and marketed for human consumption Fins also utilized. The liver oil is rich in vitamin A.)
Threats:  Anthropogenic
(The major threat to this species is from fisheries in relatively shallow shelf and inshore waters throughout the whole of its range.)

Ecology
Habitat:  Reef Associated, Coastal
Trophic Level:  Secondary Consumer
Prey:  Fishes, cephalopods, and crustaceans
IUCN Status:  NearThreatened

Biogeography


• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Andaman Islands (Lat: 10) (Long: 93) INDIA
• Pondicherry (Lat: 11.93) (Long: 79.85) INDIA
• Pondicherry, Karaikal INDIA
• Gujarat, Gulf of Kachchh (Lat: 22.6) (Long: 69.5) INDIA
• Kerala, Kochi INDIA (Record: 2000-2002)
• Tamil Nadu, Gulf of Mannar INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Chennai Coast INDIA
• Maharashtra, Thane INDIA
• Tamil Nadu INDIA
• Kerala INDIA
• INDIA
• Andaman Sea (Lat: 14.23) (Long: 93.43) INDIA (Record: 02/1985-06/1987) (Depth: 56 mts)
• Andhra Pradesh INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands INDIA
• Gujarat INDIA
• West Bengal (Lat: 21.45) (Long: 87.9) INDIA

Literature Source(s)
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Page last updated on:2011-12-28

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