Carcharhinus brevipinna   (Muller & Henle,  1839) (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Elasmobranchii

Image copyrights: Randall, J.E.

Size: 300 cm TL (male/unsexed)

Max. weight reported: 89.7 kg

Color: Grey above, white below, with a conspicuous white band on sides; second dorsal, anal, undersides of pectorals and lower caudal-fin lobe black or dark grey-tipped in subadults and adults, but unmarked or nearly so in small individuals.

Body slender. Snout rather pointed and long, its length equal to or greater than width of mouth and greater than internarial distance; labial folds short but uppers rather long and conspicuous; anterior nasal flaps rudimentary, very low. Upper and lower teeth nearly symmetrical and very similar, with mostly erect, very narrow cusps; uppers with entirely or partly serrated edges, lower with smooth or weakly serrated cusps. Gill openings relatively long. First dorsal fin with a narrowly rounded apex, its height over 22 times space between dorsal fin bases, its origin over or just behind free rear tips of pectoral fins; origin of second dorsal fin about over anal fin origin; second dorsal fin high, its inner margin less than twice the height of fin. Pectoral fins falcate and with pointed tips. No dermal ridge between dorsal fins.

Dioecious, internal (oviduct) fertilization, internal live bearers. Viviparous, with a yolk-sac placenta; bears up to 20 young; 3-15 pups. Size at birth 60 to 80 cm. Distinct pairing with embrace.

Makes vertical spinning leaps out of the water as a feeding technique in which the sharks spins through a school of small fish with an open mouth and then breaks the surface.

Synonym (s)
Aprion brevipinna (Muller & Henle, 1839)
(Senior synonym)
Aprionodon brevipinna (Muller & Henle, 1839)
(Senior synonym)
Aprionodon caparti Poll, 1951
(Junior synonym)
Carcharhinus amblyrhynchoides (non Whitley, 1934)
(Misapplied name)
Carcharias dussumieri Day (nec Muller & Henle), 1878
Carcharhinus dussumieri Misra, 1969
Carcharhinus johnsoni Smith, 1951
(Junior synonym)
Carcharhinus limbatus (non Valenciennes, 1839)
(Misapplied name)
Carcharhinus maculipinnis (Poey, 1865)
(Junior synonym)
Carcharias brevipinna Muller & Henle, 1839
(Senior synonym)
Carcharinus johnsoni Smith, 1951
(Junior synonym)
Galeolamna fowleri (non Whitley, 1944)
(Misapplied name)
Isogomphodon maculipinnis Poey, 1865
(Junior synonym)
Longmania calamaria Whitley, 1944
(Junior synonym)
Squalus brevipinna (Muller & Henle, 1839)
(Senior synonym)
Uranga nasuta Whitley, 1943
(Junior synonym)
Carcharias (Aprion) brevipinna Muller and Henle, 1841
Carcharhinus brevipina (Muller & Henle, 1839)
Carcharinus brevipinna (Muller & Henle, 1839)
Prionidon brevipinna (Muller & Henle, 1839)

Common Name (s)
• Blacktipped Shark (English)
• Inkytail Shark (English)
• Spinner Shark (English)
• Long Nose Grey Shark (English)
• Large Blacktip Shark (English)
• Great Blacktipped Shark (English)
• Shivra (Marathi)
• Mushi (Marathi)
• Chotimushi (Marathi)
• Thate (Kannada)
• Shivra (Kannada)
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial
(Fisheries, gamefish. Utilized fresh and dried salted for human consumption. Fins probably used in the oriental shark fin trade, and livers for vitamin oil production.)
Threats:  Anthropogenic
(It is frequently captured in recreational and commercial fisheries. It frequents nearshore waters as adults and has inshore nursery areas, making it highly vulnerable to fishing pressure and human-induced habitat alteration.)

Habitat:  Reef Associated
Trophic Level:  Tertiary Consumer
Prey:  Pelagic bony fishes, small sharks, cuttlefish, squids, and octopi
Predator:  Carcharhinus limbatus
IUCN Status:  NearThreatened


• Kerala, Kochi INDIA (Record: 2000-2002)
• Kerala INDIA
• Tamil Nadu INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Gulf of Mannar INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Venkataraman, K; Milton, MCJ and Raghuram, KP (2003) Handbook on sharks of Indian waters ZSI, Kolkata 1-113
  • UNEP World Conservation Monitoring Centre Available at -
  • Talwar, PK and Kacker, RK (1984) Commercial sea fishes of India ZSI, Calcutta 997 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Froese, R and Pauly, D (2000) Fishbase 2000: Concepts, design and data sources ICLARM 344 pp Available at -
  • Compagno, LJV; Last, PR; Stevens, JD and MNR, Alava (2005) Checklist of Philippine Chondrichthyes CSIRO Marine Laboratories 104 pp Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Letourneur, Y; Chabanet, P; Durville, P; Taquet, M; Teissier, E; Parmentier, M; Quero, JC and Pothin, K (2004) An updated checklist of the marine fish fauna of Reunion Island, south-western Indian Ocean Cybium 28(3) 199-216
  • (2003) IUCN Red list of threatened species Available at -
  • Joshi, KK; Balachandran, K and Raje, SG (2008) Changes in the shark fishery at Cochin Journal of the Marine Biological Association of India The Marine Biological Association of India, Cochin, India 50(1) 103-105 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at -
  • Hanfee, F (1999) Management of shark fisheries in two Indian coastal states: Tamil Nadu and Kerala Case studies of the management of elasmobranch fisheries. FAO Fisheries Technical Paper. No. 378 Rome, FAO Part 1 (11) Available at -
  • Fischer, W and Bianchi, G (Eds.) (1984) FAO species identification sheets for fishery purposes. Western Indian Ocean (Fishing Area 51) FAO, Rome 5 Available at -
  • Dr. Kumaraguru, AK (2000) Studies on socioeconomics of Coral Reef resource users in the Gulf of Mannar coast, South India Centre for Marine and Coastal studies School of Energy, Environment and Natural Resources Madurai Kamaraj University, Madurai, India Available at -
  • Raje, SG; Sivakami, S; Mohanraj, G; Manoj Kumar, PP; Raju, A and Joshi, KK (2007) An atlas on the Elasmobranch fishery resources of India CMFRI Special publication CMFRI, Cochin, India. 95 253pp Available at -
  • Pillai, PKM and Augustine, SK (2000) A code list of common marine living resources of the Indian seas CMFRI Special Publication No.12 CMFRI 1-115 Available at -

Page last updated on:2011-10-10

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