Rhinobatos granulatus [Status Unaccepted]   Cuvier,  1829 (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Elasmobranchii

Image copyrights: John E. Randall

Color: Body brownish above, each side of rostral cartilage on snout buff brown; under surface whitish. Dorsal and caudal fins grayish.

Snout triangularly pointed, very long and narrow; rostral ridges close together for greater part of length. Eye diameter about 6.5 times in snout length, 1.7 in interorbital width. Width of mouth about 2.8 times in preoral distance, 2.6-3.2 in snout length, longer than internarial distance. Nostrils wide, oblique, about half width of mouth, and equal to internarial distance; anterior nasal flap extending across inner (anterior) margin of nostril. Spiracles slightly smaller than eye. Back rather coarsely tuberculated, rough to touch.

Synonym (s)
Rhinobatis granulatus Annandale, 1909
RhinobatIs granulatus De, 1910
Rhinobatus acutus Garman, 1908
Rhinobatus acutus Garman, 1913
Rhinobatus granulatus Anonymous, 1955
Rhinobatus granulatus Blyth, 1860
Rhinobatus granulatus Cuvier, 1829
Rhinobatus granulatus Day, 1889
Rhinobatus granulatus Day, 1878
Rhinobatus granulatus Derniyagala, 1933
Rhinobatus granulatus Dumeril, 1865
Rhinobatus granulatus Fowler, 1941
Rhinobatus granulatus Fowler, 1938
Rhinobatus granulatus Garman, 1913
Rhinobatus granulatus Giinther, 1870
Rhinobatus granulatus Herre, 1941
Rhinobatus granulatus Herre, 1953
Rhinobatus granulatus Hora, 1936
Rhinobatus granulatus Misra, 1952
Rhinobatus granulatus Misra, 1949
Rhinobatus granulatus Misra & Menon, 1958
Rhinobatus granulatus Munro, 1955
Rhinobatus granulatus Norman, 1926
Rhinobatus granulatus Vloz, 1907
Rhinobatus thouini Day, 1878
Rhinobatus thouini Day, 1889

Common Name (s)
• Granulated Shovelnose Ray (English)
• Kalpoonthi (Malayalam)
• Fodka (Malayalam)
• Lanj (Marathi)
• Kal Uluvai (Tamil)
• Sinhalese (Tamil)
• Gal Uluva (Tamil)
• Bal Oliva (Tamil)
• Suttiwarah (Telugu)
• Tiruke
• Purungan
• Padangan (Tamil)
• Sharp Nose Guitar Fish (English)
• Dhos (Gujarati)
• Pok (Marathi)
• Fodka (Kannada)
• Purrungum (Tamil)
• Suttiwarah Adalam (Telugu)
• Sisna (Oriya)
• Yahlava (Oriya)
• Harana Magar (Bengali)
• Shenkar
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial

Trophic Level:  Tertiary Consumer
Prey:  Small crustaceans like amphiphods, squilla, crabs and prawns
IUCN Status:  Vulnerable


• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Andaman Islands (Lat: 10) (Long: 93) INDIA
• Pondicherry (Lat: 11.93) (Long: 79.85) INDIA
• Pondicherry, Karaikal INDIA
• Gujarat, Gulf of Kachchh (Lat: 22.6) (Long: 69.5) INDIA
• Orissa, Jambu Island (Lat: 20.42) (Long: 86.72) INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Chennai Coast INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Gulf of Mannar INDIA
• Palk Bay INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Andaman Islands INDIA
• North West Coast INDIA
• Southwest Coast INDIA
• West Bengal (Lat: 21.45) (Long: 87.9) INDIA
• East Coast INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Rao, DV; Devi, K and Rajan, PT (2000) An account of ichthyofauna of Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Bay of Bengal Occasional paper no 178 Records of the Zoological Survey of India ZSI, Calcutta 1-434 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Khan, RA (2003) Fish faunal resources of Sunderban estuarine system with special reference to the biology of some commercially important species Records of the Zoological Survey of India ZSI, Kolkata 1-149 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Hussain, SM Brief report on biodiversity in the coastal areas of Pakistan p 113
  • (2003) IUCN Red list of threatened species Available at - http://www.iucnredlist.org/
  • Mishra, SS and Krishnan, S (2003) Marine fishes of Pondicherry and Karaikal Records of the zoological survey of india ZSI 53 pp Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Subba Rao, NV and Sastry, DRK (2005) Fauna of Marine National Park, Gulf of Kuchchh (Gujarat) ZSI 79 pp Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Marine Biological Station, Chennai, Tamil Nadu (2003) Checklist of marine fauna of Tamil Nadu Department of Environment, Government of Tamil Nadu Available at - http://tnenvis.nic.in
  • Dr. Ramesh, R; Dr. Nammalwar, P and Dr. Gowri, VS (2008) Database on coastal information of Tamil Nadu Report Submitted to Environmental Information System (ENVIS) Centre, Department of Environment, Government of Tamil Nadu Institute for Ocean Management, Anna University, Chennai, Tamil Nadu. Available at - http://tnenvis.nic.in/PDF/coastal%20data.pdf
  • Talwar, PK and Kacker, RK (1984) Commercial sea fishes of India ZSI, Calcutta 997 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Morphbank Florida State University, School of Computational Science, Tallahassee, FL 32306-4026 USA Available at - http://www.morphbank.net/
  • Raje, SG; Sivakami, S; Mohanraj, G; Manoj Kumar, PP; Raju, A and Joshi, KK (2007) An atlas on the Elasmobranch fishery resources of India CMFRI Special publication CMFRI, Cochin, India. 95 253pp Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/4056/1/Special_Publn_95.pdf
  • Pillai, PKM and Augustine, SK (2000) A code list of common marine living resources of the Indian seas CMFRI Special Publication No.12 CMFRI 1-115 Available at - eprints.cmfri.org.in/3975/1/Special_Publication_No_12_Revised.pdf
  • Das, P; De, SP; Bhowmik, RM; Pandit, IK; Sengupta, R; Nandi, AC; Thakurta, SC and Saha, S (2007) Piscine diversity of West Bengal Fishing chimes 27(5) 15-28 Available at - NIO, Goa

Page last updated on:2012-01-02

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