Eugomphodus taurus   Rafinesque  1810 (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Elasmobranchii

Image copyrights: Y. Otsuka

Size: Length 60 cm

Color: Body light grey above, dull white below, often with yellow or yellow brown spots.

A large shark. Body fusiform, with a flattened snout. Mouth large, extending well behind eyes; distinct labial furrows in both jaws. Spiracles small and difficult to distinguish. Two equally large dorsal fins. Caudal fin not lunate, much shorter than half the total length.

Synonym (s)
Carcharias arenarius Ogilby 1911
(Junior synonym)
Carcharias owstoni Garman 1913
(Junior synonym)
Carcharias taurus Refinesque 1809
Carcharias tricuspidatus Day 1878
Odontapsis tricuspidatus Day 1889
Odontaspis platensis Lahille 1928

Common Name (s)
• Sand Tiger Shark (English)
• Blue Nurse Sand Tiger (English)
• Khonodecha (Kannada)
• Waghir (Marathi)
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial
(The fins are valued and the liver oil is extracted for vitamins)



• Gujarat, Gulf of Kachchh (Lat: 22.6) (Long: 69.5) INDIA
• Gujarat INDIA (Record: 1984)
• Maharashtra, Mumbai Coast INDIA (Record: 1984)

Literature Source(s)
  • Venkataraman, K; Milton, MCJ and Raghuram, KP (2003) Handbook on sharks of Indian waters ZSI, Kolkata 1-113
  • van der Land, J UNESCO-IOC Register of Marine Organisms Available at -
  • Zoological Survey of India (Eds) (1991) Animal resources of India (Protozoa to Mammalia) ZSI 1-694 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Talwar, PK and Kacker, RK (1984) Commercial sea fishes of India ZSI, Calcutta 997 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Subba Rao, NV and Sastry, DRK (2005) Fauna of Marine National Park, Gulf of Kuchchh (Gujarat) ZSI 79 pp Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Compagno, LJV (1984) FAO species catalogue: Sharks of the world: An annotated and illustrated catalogue of shark species known to date. Part 1. Hexanchiformes to Lamniformes FAO Fisheries Synopsis 4(1-124) 1-249 Available at - ZOOR12100022832
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at -
  • FishPix Available at -

Page last updated on:2009-11-26

Back to Search