Rhiniodon typus [Status Unaccepted]   (Smith,  1828) (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Chordata
Class: Elasmobranchii
Order:Orectolobiformes
Family:Rhincodontidae

Image copyrights: WorldShark.com

Description
Color: Body dark gray, reddish or greenish gray above, with white or yellow spots and transverse stripes; white or yellowish below.

A very large shark; body enormous and robust, with a broad and blunt snout. Eyes very small. Mouth very wide and terminal; teeth very small and weak. Caudal peduncle depressed, with strong keel on side that continues forward onto the back; two additional ridges above the main ridge.


Synonym (s)
Rhiniodon typus Smith, 1828
Rhinodon typicus Day, 1888
Rhincodon typus Misra, 1969

Common Name (s)
• Whale Shark (English)
• Pulli Udumban Sravu (Tamil)
• Usman Sravu (Tamil)
• Amini Uluvai (Tamil)
• Makara Sravu (Malayalam)
• Karanj (Marathi)
• Behiri (Marathi)
• Deomushi (Marathi)
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial
(Yield large quantity of oil.)

Ecology

Biogeography


• West Bengal, Digha Coast (Lat: 21.61) (Long: 87.53) INDIA
• Gujarat, Gulf of Kachchh (Lat: 22.6) (Long: 69.5) INDIA
• INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Porto Novo INDIA
• West Bengal (Lat: 21.45) (Long: 87.9) INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Venkataraman, K; Milton, MCJ and Raghuram, KP (2003) Handbook on sharks of Indian waters ZSI, Kolkata 1-113
  • Pravin, P (2000) Whale shark in the Indian coast: Need for conservation Current Science Indian Academy of Sciences 79(3) 310-315 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Bishop, JM and AbdulGhaffar, AR Whale shark observations off Kuwait's coast in 1992 Journal of Fish Biology 43(6) 939-940 Available at - Zoological Records
  • Goswami, BCB (1992) Marine fauna of Digha coast of West Bengal, India Journal of Marine Biological Association of India The Marine Biological Association of India, Cochin 34 115-137 Available at - NIO, RC Kochi
  • Talwar, PK and Kacker, RK (1984) Commercial sea fishes of India ZSI, Calcutta 997 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Devadoss, P (1984) Nutritive values of sharks, skates and rays from Portonovo coast Indian Journal of Fisheries 31 (1) 156-161 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/440/
  • Pillai, PKM and Augustine, SK (2000) A code list of common marine living resources of the Indian seas CMFRI Special Publication No.12 CMFRI 1-115 Available at - eprints.cmfri.org.in/3975/1/Special_Publication_No_12_Revised.pdf
  • WorldShark.com Available at - http://www.worldshark.com/index.htm
  • Das, P; De, SP; Bhowmik, RM; Pandit, IK; Sengupta, R; Nandi, AC; Thakurta, SC and Saha, S (2007) Piscine diversity of West Bengal Fishing chimes 27(5) 15-28 Available at - NIO, Goa

Page last updated on:2011-12-28

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