Octopus vulgaris   Cuvier,  1797 (Octopus)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Cephalopoda

Image copyrights: BioLib

Size: Max length 130 cm TL (male); 120 cm TL (female)

Max. weight reported: 10,000 g

Synonym (s)
Octopus brevitentaculatus Blainville, 1826
(Junior synonym)
Octopus cassiopeia Gray, 1849
(Junior synonym)
Octopus granulatus Lamarck, 1798
(Junior synonym)
Octopus coerulescentes Arbanasich, 1895
(Junior synonym)
Octopus incertus Targioni-Tozzetti, 1869
(Junior synonym)
Octopus niger Risso, 1854
(Junior synonym)
Octopus ruber Rafinesque, 1814
(Junior synonym)
Octopus tetradynamus Rafinesque, 1814
(Junior synonym)
Octopus troscheli Targioni-Tozzetti, 1869
(Junior synonym)
Octopus tuberculatus Blainville, 1826
(Junior synonym)
Octopus tuberculatus Risso, 1826
(Junior synonym)
Octopus albus Rafinesque, 1814
Octopus bitentaculatus Risso, 1854
Octopus americanus Montfort, 1802
Octopus maculatus Rafinesque, 1814
Octopus moschatus Rafinesque, 1814
Octopus niger Rafinesque, 1814
Octopus octopodia Tryon, 1879
Octopus pilosus Risso, 1826
Octopus rabassin Risso, 1854
Octopus sinensis d'Orbigny, 1834
Octopus tritentaculatus Risso, 1854

Common Name (s)
• Common Octopus (English)
• Scuttle (English)
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial

Habitat:  Reef Associated, Coastal
Prey:  Amphipods, crabs, prawns, shrimps, bony fishes, bivalves, gastropods, polycheates
Predator:  Dolphins (Grampus griseus, Tursiops truncatus), squids (Loligo forbesii), finfish (Lutjanus jocu), sea otter (Lutra felina), sea lion (Otaria flavescens), bony fishes (Reinhardtius hippoglossoides, Epinephelus marginatus, Epinephelus marginatus), finfishes (Squalus megalops, Triakis megalopterus, Triakis scyllium)


• Andaman and Nicobar Islands INDIA
• Gujarat, Dwarka INDIA
• Lakshadweep INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, North Reef Island INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Minicoy INDIA (Record: 1977-1979)
• Lakshadweep, Kavaratti INDIA (Record: 01/1987-03/1987)
• Lakshadweep, Minicoy INDIA (Record: 01/1987-03/1987)
• Lakshadweep, Suheli INDIA (Record: 01/1987-03/1987)
• Lakshadweep, Bitra INDIA (Record: 01/1987-03/1987)
• Lakshadweep, Kalpeni INDIA (Record: 01/1987-03/1987)
• Lakshadweep, Agatti INDIA (Record: 01/1987-03/1987)
• Lakshadweep, Bangaram INDIA (Record: 01/1987-03/1987)
• Lakshadweep, Amini INDIA (Record: 01/1987-03/1987)
• Lakshadweep, Chettalatt INDIA (Record: 01/1987-03/1987)
• Lakshadweep, Kiltan INDIA (Record: 01/1987-03/1987)
• Andaman Sea INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Tikadar, BK; Daniel, A and Subbarao, NV (1986) Sea shore animals of Andaman and Nicobar Islands The Director, ZSI, Kolkatta 188 Available at - ZSI, Pune
  • Subba Rao, NV and Dey, A (2000) Catalogue of marine molluscs of Andaman and Nicobar Islands Occasional paper no 187 Records of the Zoological Survey of India ZSI 1-323 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Hussain, SM Brief report on biodiversity in the coastal areas of Pakistan p 113
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Sealifebase Available at - http://www.sealifebase.org/
  • BioLib. cz Available at - http://www.biolib.cz/
  • Raghunathan, C; Gupta, SR; Wangikar, U and Lakhmapurkar, J (2004) A record of live corals along the Saurashtra coast of Gujarat, Arabian Sea Current Science Current Science Association and Indian Academy of Sciences 87(8) 1131-1138 Available at - http://www.ias.ac.in/currsci/oct252004/1131.pdf
  • Appukuttan, KK and Joseph, S (2005) Conservation and Management of reef ecosystem associated molluscs for sustainable utilization Proceedings of the National Seminar on Reef Ecosystem Remediation SDMRI Special Research Publication No.9 59-68 Available at - http://www.sdmri.org/reports/proceedings%202005%20-%20sdmri.pdf
  • Rao, GC; Rao, DV and Devi, K (1994) A faunal exploration of the North Reef Island sanctuary, North Andaman Journal of the Andaman Science Association Andaman Science Association, Port Blair 10(1&2) 68-81 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • George, KC; Thomas, PA; Appukuttan, KK and Gopakumar, G (1986) Ancillary living marine resources of Lakshadweep Marine Fisheries Information Service CMFRI, Cochin 68 46-50 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/4386/1/Article_13.pdf
  • Appukuttan, KK; Chellam, A; Ramadoss, K; Victor, ACC and Meiyappan, MM (1989) Molluscan resources Bulletin Of Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute CMFRI, Cochin 43 77-92 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/2641/1/Article_12.pdf
  • Silas, EG; Sarvesan, R and Rao, KS (1985) Octopod resources Cephalopod bionomics, fisheries and resources of the exclusive economic zone of India Bulletin of Central Marine Research Institute CMFRI 37 137-139 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/7028/1/Bulletin_No_37.pdf
  • Rao, GC (1991) Distribution of plants and animals on the rocky sea shores of Andaman and Nicobar Islands Journal of the Andaman Science Association Andaman Science Association, Port Blair 7(2) 30-42 Available at - NIO, Goa

Page last updated on:2011-09-02

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