Octopus rugosus   Bosc,  1792 (Octopus)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Mollusca
Class: Cephalopoda
Order:Octopoda
Family:Octopodidae

Description
Size: Total length 28 mm; mantle length 72 mm; head length 31 mm; tentacle length 180 mm

Color: Skin grey with tubercles and faint dark reticulation on the dorsal side and paler on the ventral side.

Mantle round with a distinct ventral furrow. Funnel with broader posterior and reaching above the level of eyes. Arm length 2-1/2 to 3 times more than the mantle length; prominent multifid cirrus on head above each eye.


Synonym (s)
Sepia rugosa Bose, 1792
Octopus rugosus Jothinayagam, 1987

Common Name (s)
Economic Importance and Threats

Ecology
Habitat:  Estuarine

Biogeography


• West Bengal, Sundarbans (Lat: 21.5) (Long: 88.17) INDIA
• West Coast INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Chennai INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Chennai Coast INDIA
• East Coast INDIA
• West Bengal, Sandheads INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Pulicat Lake INDIA
• Andaman Sea INDIA
• West Bengal, Digha Coast INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Tikadar, BK; Daniel, A and Subbarao, NV (1986) Sea shore animals of Andaman and Nicobar Islands The Director, ZSI, Kolkatta 188 Available at - ZSI, Pune
  • Subba Rao, NV and Dey, A (2000) Catalogue of marine molluscs of Andaman and Nicobar Islands Occasional paper no 187 Records of the Zoological Survey of India ZSI 1-323 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Venkatraman, K; Srinivasan, M; Satyanarayana, CH and Prabhakar D (2002) Faunal diversity of Gulf of Mannar biosphere reserve Conservation area series 15 ZSI 77 pp; VIII pla Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Venkatraman, K; Srinivasan, M; Satyanarayana, CH and Prabhakar D (2002) Faunal diversity of Gulf of Mannar biosphere reserve Conservation area series 15 ZSI 77 pp; VIII pla Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Ramakrishna; Sarkar, J and Talukdar, S (2003) Marine invertebrates of Digha coast and some recomendations on their conservation Records of the Zoological Survey of India ZSI, Kolkata 101(3-4) 1 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Nagabhushanam, AK and Krishnan, S (1993) Observations on the distribution of some of the marine organism inhabiting the inter-tidal zone along the western continental shelf of the Bay of Bengal, with particular reference to the Tamil Nadu coastal strip Records of the Zoological Survey of India 93(3-4) 449-490 Available at - ZSI, Pune
  • Mandal, AK and Nandi, NC (1989) Fauna of Sundarban mangrove ecosystem, West Bengal, India Fauna of Conservations 3 35431 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Subba Rao, NV; Dey, A and Barua, S (1992) Estuarine and marine molluscs Fauna of West Bengal Part 9 (State fauna series 3) ZSI, Calcutta 129-268 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Marine Biological Station, Chennai, Tamil Nadu (2003) Checklist of marine fauna of Tamil Nadu Department of Environment, Government of Tamil Nadu Available at - http://tnenvis.nic.in
  • Dr. Ramesh, R; Dr. Nammalwar, P and Dr. Gowri, VS (2008) Database on coastal information of Tamil Nadu Report Submitted to Environmental Information System (ENVIS) Centre, Department of Environment, Government of Tamil Nadu Institute for Ocean Management, Anna University, Chennai, Tamil Nadu. Available at - http://tnenvis.nic.in/PDF/coastal%20data.pdf
  • Raj, PJS (2006) Macro fauna of Pulicat lake NBA bulletin No.6 NBA Available at - http://www.nbaindia.org/docs/bulletin6-pulicatlake.pdf
  • Silas, EG; Sarvesan, R and Rao, KS (1985) Octopod resources Cephalopod bionomics, fisheries and resources of the exclusive economic zone of India Bulletin of Central Marine Research Institute CMFRI 37 137-139 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/7028/1/Bulletin_No_37.pdf
  • Dieter Kloessing Available at - http://www.dieter-kloessing.de/index.html
  • Dey, M and Mitra, A (2005) Molluscan community around Digha coast, West Bengal, India Journal of Environment and Sociobiology Social Environmental and Biological Association, Kolkata, India 2(1&2) 43-47 Available at - NIO, Goa

Page last updated on:2011-12-16

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