Sepia brevimana   Steenstrup,  1875 (Cuttlefish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Cephalopoda

Image copyrights: FAO

a: Tentacular club; b: Ventral view (Cuttlebone)

Color: The dorsal surface of the cuttlefish is generally dark coloured. The arms, neck region, sides and ventral surface are whitish in fresh condition.

The mantle is broadly ovate, its anterior margin projects prominently in the middorsal plane into a lobe which is very acuminate; the ventral anterior margin is slightly emarginate in the middle. The posterior end is also very much acuminate owing to the presence of a long and pointed spine at the extremity of the cuttlebone. The fins are narrow, originate a little posterior to the mantle margin and extending along the sides do not unite at the end. The acuminat contour of the posterior end of the mantle is distinctly seen on the ventral side. The head is as long as wide and eyes are prominent. The buccal membrane is seven lappetted. The ora arms are short, subequal and less than half the length of mantle. The arm suckers are quadriserial and small in size. Tentacles are slender and moderate in length. Clubs are very short and bear about eight oblique rows of small suckers; enlarged suckers absent. The cuttlebone is very distinct, thin, flat and elongately ovoid in outline. On the dorsal surface it is rough due to the presence of numerous small tubercles which form three definitive longitudinal ridges.

Synonym (s)
Sepia stellifera non Homenko & Khromov, 1984
Acanthosepion spinigerum Rochebrune, 1884
(Junior synonym)
Sepia rostrata Ferussac & d'Orbigny, 1848
(Junior synonym)
Sepia winckworthi Adam, 1939
(Junior synonym)

Common Name (s)
• Shortclub Cuttlefish (English)
Economic Importance and Threats

Habitat:  Coastal


• Bay of Bengal (Lat: 15) (Long: 90) INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Gulf of Mannar INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Chennai Coast INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Dhanushkodi INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Vedalai INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Tikadar, BK; Daniel, A and Subbarao, NV (1986) Sea shore animals of Andaman and Nicobar Islands The Director, ZSI, Kolkatta 188 Available at - ZSI, Pune
  • Jothinayagam, JT (1987) Cephalopoda of the Madras cost (Zoological Survey of India) Technical monograph no 15 The Director ZSI, Calcutta 85
  • Venkatraman, K; Srinivasan, M; Satyanarayana, CH and Prabhakar D (2002) Faunal diversity of Gulf of Mannar biosphere reserve Conservation area series 15 ZSI 77 pp; VIII pla Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Voss, AN; Vecchione, M; Ronald, BT and Sweeney, JM (1998) Systematics and biogeography of cephalopods Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington, D. C 1(586) 1-276 Available at - NIO, RC, Kochi
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at -
  • Marine Biological Station, Chennai, Tamil Nadu (2003) Checklist of marine fauna of Tamil Nadu Department of Environment, Government of Tamil Nadu Available at -
  • Dr. Ramesh, R; Dr. Nammalwar, P and Dr. Gowri, VS (2008) Database on coastal information of Tamil Nadu Report Submitted to Environmental Information System (ENVIS) Centre, Department of Environment, Government of Tamil Nadu Institute for Ocean Management, Anna University, Chennai, Tamil Nadu. Available at -
  • Sealifebase Available at -
  • Samuel, VD; Chacko, D and Edward, JKP (2005) Preliminary study on the molluscan diversity of “the lost world’’– Dhanushkodi, east coast of India Proceedings of the National Seminar on Reef Ecosystem Remediation SDMRI Special Research Publication No.9 54-58 Available at -
  • Sundaram, KS; Sarvesan, R; Mohamed, KH and Shanbhogue, SL (1969) Catalogue of molluscs, prawns, stomatopods and marine algae in the reference collections of the central marine fisheries research institute Bulletin Of Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute CMFRI, Cochin 9 1-52 Available at -
  • Silas, EG; Sarvesan, R; Rao, KS; Nair, KP and Meiyappan, MM (1985) Identity of common species of cephalopods of India Cephalopod bionomics, fisheries and resources of the exclusive economic zone of India Bulletin of Central Marine Research Institute CMFRI 37 13-37 Available at -

Page last updated on:2011-05-03

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