Paphia malabarica   (Chemnitz,  1782) (Clam)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Mollusca
Class: Bivalvia
Order:Veneroida
Family:Veneridae

Description
Size: Length 22.75-45.70 mm; height 17.34-34.00 mm; thickness 10.95 mm

Shell cordately-ovate, arched. It is sculptured concentrically and obtusely ridged and rather flexous on the posterior side. Fulvus cream color with ash grey lines.


Synonym (s)
Venus malabarica Chemnitz, 1782
Venus rhombifera Hanley, 1843
Venus malabarica Schaorter, 1758
Paphia malabarica Ficher-Peitte, 1975
Venus malabarica Schroeter, 1788
Paphia malabarica Fischer-Piette, 1976

Common Name (s)
• Malabar Venus
• Clam
Economic Importance and Threats

Ecology
Habitat:  Estuarine, Sandy, Coastal

Biogeography


• Maharashtra, Konkan Coast (Lat: 18.08) (Long: 73.42) INDIA
• Gujarat, Gulf of Kachchh (Lat: 22.6) (Long: 69.5) INDIA
• Andhra Pradesh, Godavari Estuary (Lat: 16.63) (Long: 82.3) INDIA
• Orissa, Mahanadi Estuary (Lat: 20.32) (Long: 86.75) INDIA
• Maharashtra, Mumbai (Lat: 18.98) (Long: 72.83) INDIA
• Goa (Lat: 15.4) (Long: 73.8) INDIA
• Goa, Mandovi Estuary (Lat: 15.28) (Long: 73.52) INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Parangipettai Coast (Lat: 11.48) (Long: 79.77) INDIA
• West Bengal, Ganga Sagar INDIA (Record: 27/05/1981)
• West Bengal, South 24 Parganas INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands INDIA
• Andhra Pradesh INDIA
• Gujarat INDIA
• Kerala INDIA
• Maharashtra INDIA
• Orissa INDIA
• Tamil Nadu INDIA
• Persian Gulf
• Gulf of Aden
• PAKISTAN
• SRI LANKA
• MYANMAR
• MALAYSIA
• Andhra Pradesh, Kakinada Bay INDIA
• Orissa, Chandipur INDIA
• Orissa, Puri INDIA (Record: 01/12/1985)
• Andhra Pradesh, Vishakhapatnam INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Chennai INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Parangipettai INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Pamban INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Tharangambadi INDIA
• Kerala, Malabar Coast INDIA
• Maharashtra, Mumbai INDIA
• Gujarat, Gulf of Kachchh INDIA
• Goa, Miramar INDIA (Record: 10/2000)
• Kerala, Off Kochi INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Dhanushkodi INDIA
• Karnataka, Mysore Coast INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Kalinadi estuary INDIA
• INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Gulf of Mannar (Lat: 78.13) (Long: 8.58) INDIA (Record: 01/1994-12/1995)
• Tamil Nadu, Gulf of Mannar (Lat: 79.5) (Long: 9.33) INDIA (Record: 01/1994-12/1995)

Literature Source(s)
  • Tikadar, BK; Daniel, A and Subbarao, NV (1986) Sea shore animals of Andaman and Nicobar Islands The Director, ZSI, Kolkatta 188 Available at - ZSI, Pune
  • Apte,D (1998) The book of Indian shells Oxford University Press 115
  • Harkantra, SN and Rodrigues, NR (2003) Pattern of species succession of soft-bottom macrofauna in the estuaries of Goa, west coast of India Current Science 85(10) 1458-1464 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Alfred, JRB; Das, AK and Sanyal, AK (Eds.) (1998) Faunal diversity in India ZSI, Calcutta 1-497 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Subba Rao, NV and Dey, A (2000) Catalogue of marine molluscs of Andaman and Nicobar Islands Occasional paper no 187 Records of the Zoological Survey of India ZSI 1-323 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Venkatraman, K; Srinivasan, M; Satyanarayana, CH and Prabhakar D (2002) Faunal diversity of Gulf of Mannar biosphere reserve Conservation area series 15 ZSI 77 pp; VIII pla Available at - NCL, Pune
  • (2001) Fauna of Godavari estuary, Andhra Pradesh Estuarine ecosystem series 4 ZSI, Kolkata 1-166 Available at - ZSI, Pune
  • Zoological Survey of India (Eds.) (1998) Fauna Of Mahanadi estuary, Orissa Estuarine ecosystem series no 3 ZSI, Kolkata 1-218 Available at - ZSI, Pune
  • Shanmugam, A; Rajagopal, S and Nazeer, RA Common bivalves of Parangipettai coast Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Ramakrishna; Sarkar, J and Talukdar, S (2003) Marine invertebrates of Digha coast and some recomendations on their conservation Records of the Zoological Survey of India ZSI, Kolkata 101(3-4) 1 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Subba Rao, NV and Sastry, DRK (2005) Fauna of Marine National Park, Gulf of Kuchchh (Gujarat) ZSI 79 pp Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Wall, F (1910) A popular treatise on the common Indian snakes Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society BNHS Part XIII with 65-79
  • Subba Rao, NV; Dey, A and Barua, S (1992) Estuarine and marine molluscs Fauna of West Bengal Part 9 (State fauna series 3) ZSI, Calcutta 129-268 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • EC21 Available at - http://www.ec21.com/
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Raut, D; Ganesh, T; Murty, NVSS and Raman, AV (2005) Macrobenthos of Kakinada Bay in the Godavari delta, East coast of India: comparing decadal changes Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science Elsevier 62(4) 609-620 Available at - http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ecss.2004.09.029
  • Rao, NVS; Rao, KVS and Maitra, S (1991) Marine molluscs State fauna series 1: Fauna of Orissa Zoological Survey of India, Calcutta Part 3 1-175 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Mascarenhas, a and Ingole, BS (2009) Miramar (Goa) beach management project: An oceanographic evaluation Coastal environments: Problems and perspectives A.C.I.K. Int. Pub. House; New Delhi; India 212-225 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Velayudhan, TS (1995) Studies on the salinity tolerance of the venerid clam, Paphia malabarica (Chemnitz) Mariculture Research under the Postgraduate Programme in Mariculture - Part 6 CMFRI Special Publication CMFRI 61 88-92 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/3467/1/Special_Publication_No_61.pdf
  • Alagarswami, K and Narasimham, KA (1973) Clam, cockle and oyster resources of the indian coasts Living resources of the seas around India CMFRI, Cochin 648-658 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/2760/1/Article_49.pdf
  • Samuel, VD; Chacko, D and Edward, JKP (2005) Preliminary study on the molluscan diversity of “the lost world’’– Dhanushkodi, east coast of India Proceedings of the National Seminar on Reef Ecosystem Remediation SDMRI Special Research Publication No.9 54-58 Available at - http://www.sdmri.org/reports/proceedings%202005%20-%20sdmri.pdf
  • Sundaram, KS; Sarvesan, R; Mohamed, KH and Shanbhogue, SL (1969) Catalogue of molluscs, prawns, stomatopods and marine algae in the reference collections of the central marine fisheries research institute Bulletin Of Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute CMFRI, Cochin 9 1-52 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/570/1/Bulletin_9.pdf
  • Jones, S (1969) The molluscan fishery resources of India Proceedings of the Symposium on Mollusca CMFRI 906-918 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/2371/1/Article_26.pdf
  • Das, AK and Roy, MKD (1989) A general account of the mangrove fauna of Andaman and Nicobar islands Fauna of conservation areas Zoological survey of India 1-152 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Pillai, PKM and Augustine, SK (2000) A code list of common marine living resources of the Indian seas CMFRI Special Publication No.12 CMFRI 1-115 Available at - eprints.cmfri.org.in/3975/1/Special_Publication_No_12_Revised.pdf
  • Hameed, PS and Somasundaram, SSN (1998) A survey of bivalve molluscs in Gulf of Mannar, India Indian Journal of Fisheries Indian journal of Fisheries for the Indian Council of Agricultural Research, Kochi, India 45(2) 177-181 Available at - http://epubs.icar.org.in/ejournal/index.php/IJF/article/download/8741/3650

Page last updated on:2012-03-09

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