Donax incarnatus   Gmelin,  1791 (Clam)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Mollusca
Class: Bivalvia
Order:Veneroida
Family:Donacidae

Image copyrights: Joop Trausel & Frans Slieker

Description
Size: Maximum shell length 4 cm, commonly to 2 cm.

Color: Outer surface is pale fleshy pink or even whitish, tinged slightly with pink and banded with darker reddish or pinkish concentric bands.

 Shell is high, triangular in outline, strongly inequilateral, with a short, steeply sloping posterior side and a long, gradually inclining dorsal margin in front of the umbo; ventro-posteriorly the outline is angulated. Anteriorly, the shell is narrowly rounded; lunule is narrow, elongated and slightly depressed and the external ligamentary area behind the umbo is short and rounded; surface is smooth and glossy; pallial sinus is very wide, deep, U-shaped.


Synonym (s)
Donax trigonalis Preston, 1908
Donax incarnatus Chemnitz, 1782
Latona incarnata (Gmelin, 1791)
(Senior Synonym)
Donax pallidus Gould, 1850

Common Name (s)
• Bean Clam (English)
Economic Importance and Threats

Ecology
Habitat:  Demersal, Sandy, Coastal

Biogeography


• West Bengal, Sundarbans INDIA
• Goa (Lat: 15.4) (Long: 73.8) INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Mandapam (Lat: 9.28) (Long: 79.12) INDIA
• Goa, Mandovi Estuary (Lat: 15.28) (Long: 73.52) INDIA
• Kerala, Shakthikulangara Beach (Lat: 9.38) (Long: 76.35) INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Gulf of Mannar INDIA
• Maharashtra INDIA
• Goa, Miramar INDIA (Record: 10/2000)
• Goa, Candolim beach INDIA (Record: 1984)
• Maharashtra, Mumbai Coast INDIA
• Karnataka, Karwar Bay INDIA
• West Bengal, Digha Coast INDIA
• Maharashtra, Malvan (Lat: 16.07) (Long: 73.47) INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Krusadai Island (Lat: 9.23) (Long: 79.22) INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Pamban (Lat: 9.29) (Long: 79.21) INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Tikadar, BK; Daniel, A and Subbarao, NV (1986) Sea shore animals of Andaman and Nicobar Islands The Director, ZSI, Kolkatta 188 Available at - ZSI, Pune
  • Apte,D (1998) The book of Indian shells Oxford University Press 115
  • (1995) Hugali Matla estuary: West Bengal ZSI, Kolkatta 1-542
  • Chandrasekhara, G and Mishra, A (1986) The meiofauna and macrofauna of Digha beach, West Bengal, India Records of the Zoological Survey of India ZSI, Kolkata 83(3-4) Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Mandal, AK and Nandi, NC (1989) Fauna of Sundarban mangrove ecosystem, West Bengal, India Fauna of Conservations 3 35431 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Dey, AR and Mitra, SC (2004) Records of the Zoological Survey of India Zoological Survey of India ZSI, 234/4, AJC Bose Road, 2nd MSO Building, (13th Floor), Nizam Palace, Kolkata-700 020 228 35431 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Parulekar, AH; Nair, SA; Ansari, ZA; Harkantra, SN; Chatterji, A; Ingole, BS and Roy, JM (1984) Ecology and culturing of edible bivalves in Goa Indian Journal of Marine Sciences 13 190-192 Available at - NIO, RC Kochi
  • Fernando, AS and Fernando, OJ (2002) A field guide to the common invertebrates of the east coast of India Centre of Advanced Study in Marine Biology 1-258 Available at - NIO, RC Kochi
  • Parulekar, AH; Dhargalkar, VK and Singbal, SYS (1980) Benthic studies in Goa estuaries: Part III- Annual cycle of macrofaunal distribution, production and trophic relations Indian Journal of Marine Sciences 9 189-200 Available at - NIO, RC Kochi
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Poutiers, JM (1998) Bivalves FAO species identification guide for fishery purposes. The living marine resources of the western central Pacific. Volume 1: Seaweeds, corals, bivalves and gastropods FAO, Rome 1 686 pp Available at - http://www.fao.org/docrep/009/w7191e/w7191e00.htm
  • Mathew, P and Menon, NR (2004) Filtration rates and heavy metal toxicity in Donax incarnatus Journal of the Marine Biological Association of India The Marine Biological Association of India, Cochin 46(1) 56-63 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Dr. Ramesh, R; Dr. Nammalwar, P and Dr. Gowri, VS (2008) Database on coastal information of Tamil Nadu Report Submitted to Environmental Information System (ENVIS) Centre, Department of Environment, Government of Tamil Nadu Institute for Ocean Management, Anna University, Chennai, Tamil Nadu. Available at - http://tnenvis.nic.in/PDF/coastal%20data.pdf
  • Untawale, AG; Dhargalkar, VK and Deshmukhe, GV (2000) Prioritization of potential sites for marine biodiversity conservation in India Setting biodiversity conservation priorities for India: Summary of the findings and conclusions of the biodiversity conservation prioritization project World Wide Fund for Nature - India, New Delhi (India) Available at - http://drs.nio.org/drs/bitstream/2264/1614/2/Setting_Biodiversity_Conserv_Priorities_India_2000_1_104.pdf
  • Mascarenhas, a and Ingole, BS (2009) Miramar (Goa) beach management project: An oceanographic evaluation Coastal environments: Problems and perspectives A.C.I.K. Int. Pub. House; New Delhi; India 212-225 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Ingole, B., Sivadas, S., Goltekar, R., Clemente, S., Nanajkar, M., Sawant, R., D’Silva, C., Sarkar, A and Ansari, Z (2006) Ecotoxicological effect of grounded MV River Princess on the intertidal benthic organisms off Goa Environment International Elsevier 32 284 – 291 Available at - Goa, India
  • Sealifebase Available at - http://www.sealifebase.org/
  • Alagarswami, K and Narasimham, KA (1973) Clam, cockle and oyster resources of the indian coasts Living resources of the seas around India CMFRI, Cochin 648-658 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/2760/1/Article_49.pdf
  • Dey, M and Mitra, A (2005) Molluscan community around Digha coast, West Bengal, India Journal of Environment and Sociobiology Social Environmental and Biological Association, Kolkata, India 2(1&2) 43-47 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Tike, MJ; Samant, JS; Mohite, SA (2009) Diversity status of minor fish and shellfish along Malvan coast, Maharshtra Indian Journal of Applied and Pure Biology Indian Journal of Applied and Pure Biology, India 24(2) 441-448 Available at - http://nicmas.nio.org/eprints11/Indian_J_Appl_Pure_Biol_24_441.pdf
  • Satyamurti, ST (1956) The Mollusca of Krusadai island in the Gulf of Mannar II.- Scaphopoda, Pelecypoda and Cephalopoda Bulletin of the Madras Government 1(2) 202 pp Available at - NIO, Goa

Page last updated on:2013-01-17

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