Tellina staurella   Lamarck,  1818 (Clam)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Mollusca
Class: Bivalvia
Order:Veneroida
Family:Tellinidae

Image copyrights: Carnegie Museum of Natural History

Description
Size: Maximum shell length 6.5 cm, commonly to 5 cm.

Color: Outside yellow to whitish, usually with broken red radial rays. Umbones are often marked with a reddish cross. Interior similarly colored, frequently tinged with yellow.

Shell is elongate-ovate in outline, well rounded anteriorly and attenuated posteriorly. Height relatively low in comparison to the length. Rightwards flexure of valves relatively slight. Umbones are distinctly posterior to mid-length of shell. Outer surface with numerous, regularly spaced, fine concentric ridges. Anterior cardinal tooth of left valve and posterior cardinal of right valve bifid. One anterior and 1 posterior lateral tooth in each valve, strong in right valve, feeble in left valve. Posterior lateral teeth situated below distal end of the ligamental groove. Anterior lateral teeth are moderately distant from cardinal teeth. Anterior adductor muscle scar elongate, posterior scar roughly quadrate and with a distinct ventral expansion. Pallial sinus very deep, extending forwards to a short distance of anterior adductor scar. Dorsal lobe of pallial sinus straightish, ventral lobe confluent with the pallial line in its posterior half.


Synonym (s)
Liotribella staurella (Lamarck, 1818)
Tellinella staurella (Lamarck, 1818)
Tellina crucigera Lamarck, 1818
(Misidentification)

Common Name (s)
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial
(Locally collected and marketed for food and shellcraft.)

Ecology
Habitat:  Sandy

Biogeography


• Andaman and Nicobar Islands INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Tikadar, BK; Daniel, A and Subbarao, NV (1986) Sea shore animals of Andaman and Nicobar Islands The Director, ZSI, Kolkatta 188 Available at - ZSI, Pune
  • Subba Rao, NV and Dey, A (2000) Catalogue of marine molluscs of Andaman and Nicobar Islands Occasional paper no 187 Records of the Zoological Survey of India ZSI 1-323 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Allen, GR (2005) Reef fishes of northwestern Madagascar RAP Bulletin of Biological Assessment 31 39-48
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Poutiers, JM (1998) Bivalves FAO species identification guide for fishery purposes. The living marine resources of the western central Pacific. Volume 1: Seaweeds, corals, bivalves and gastropods FAO, Rome 1 686 pp Available at - http://www.fao.org/docrep/009/w7191e/w7191e00.htm
  • Section of Mollusks Carnegie Museum of Natural History Available at - http://www.carnegiemnh.org/mollusks/index.htm

Page last updated on:2010-06-10

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