Carcinoscorpius rotundicauda   (Lattreille,  1802) (Horseshoe Crab)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Merostomata


Synonym (s)

Common Name (s)
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial
(Used in various ways to cure certain oilments like body pain and rheumatism. The crab is much sought after for its blue blood (haemolymph). This is an essential ingredient used in the preparation of amoebocyte lysate'. The haemolymph of this crab is used extensively for detecting bacterial endotoxins responsible for some dreaded bacterial diseases.)



• Bay of Bengal (Lat: 15) (Long: 90) INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Khan, RA (2003) Observations on some aspects of the biology of horse-shoe crab Carcinoscorpius rotundicauda (Latreille) on mud flats of Sunderban estuarine region Records of the Zoological Survey of India 101(Part 1-2) 39836
  • Zoological Survey of India (Eds) (1991) Animal resources of India (Protozoa to Mammalia) ZSI 1-694 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Ramakrishna; Sarkar, J and Talukdar, S (2003) Marine invertebrates of Digha coast and some recomendations on their conservation Records of the Zoological Survey of India ZSI, Kolkata 101(3-4) 1 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Chandrasekhara, G and Mishra, A (1986) The meiofauna and macrofauna of Digha beach, West Bengal, India Records of the Zoological Survey of India ZSI, Kolkata 83(3-4) Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Kungsuwan, A (1995) Toxic horseshoe crab eggs Thai Fisheries Gazette 48(5) 467-471 Available at - Zoological Records
  • Chowdhury, SH and Hafizuddin, AKM (1980) Horse-shoe crabs (Chelicerata: Merostomata) occurring along the south-east coasts of Bangladesh Bangladesh Journal of Zoology 8(1) Available at - Zoological Records (Bangladesh)
  • Fernando, AS and Fernando, OJ (2002) A field guide to the common invertebrates of the east coast of India Centre of Advanced Study in Marine Biology 1-258 Available at - NIO, RC Kochi
  • Nair, VR (2006) Exploring marine life Science Repoter NISCAIR, CSIR 43(5) 9-15 Available at -

Page last updated on:2011-03-01

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