Decatopecten amiculum   (Philippi,  1851) (Scallop)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Mollusca
Class: Bivalvia
Order:Pectinoida
Family:Pectinidae

Image copyrights: Schooner specimen shells

Description
Size: Maximum shell height 6 cm, commonly to 5 cm.

Color: Outside of shell off-white to beige, variously mottled with chestnut brown, tan or reddish purple, mainly on the left valve which is more vividly colored than the often nearly uniform cream right valve. Interior whitish, frequently tinged with dark brown on hinge areas and broad rims, in 1 or both valves.

Shell solid, small, nearly as long as high, inequivalve, the outline somewhat elongate dorsally and subcircular ventrally. Both valves convex, the right (lower) valve more inflated than the left (upper) valve which is moderately flattened towards the umbo. Ears small, subequal in size and shape. Right anterior ear with an obsolete anteroventral byssal notch, devoid of ctenolium. Outer sculpture of each valve with about 9 to 11 rounded radial folds, with numerous, much smaller, secondary radial riblets that are finely lamellous on ribs or interspaces; transverse lamellous sculpture delicate and easily eroded on top of ribs. Hinge line short, about 1/3 to 1/2 of shell length, with rather strong oblique ridges and pits on either side of the internal ligament. Interior of valves shiny, with a flattened radial sculpture corresponding with the outer folds.


Synonym (s)
Comptopallium amiculum (Philippi, 1851)
Pecten flabelloides Reeve, 1852
Pecten amiculum Philippi, 1851
(Basionym)
Pecten helleri Preston, 1909

Common Name (s)
• Cloak Scallop
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial
(Locally exploited)

Ecology
Habitat:  Sandy

Biogeography


• Andaman and Nicobar Islands INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Tikadar, BK; Daniel, A and Subbarao, NV (1986) Sea shore animals of Andaman and Nicobar Islands The Director, ZSI, Kolkatta 188 Available at - ZSI, Pune
  • Subba Rao, NV and Dey, A (2000) Catalogue of marine molluscs of Andaman and Nicobar Islands Occasional paper no 187 Records of the Zoological Survey of India ZSI 1-323 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • OBIS Indo-Pacific molluscan database Available at - http://clade.ansp.org/obis/find_mollusk.html
  • Poutiers, JM (1998) Bivalves FAO species identification guide for fishery purposes. The living marine resources of the western central Pacific. Volume 1: Seaweeds, corals, bivalves and gastropods FAO, Rome 1 686 pp Available at - http://www.fao.org/docrep/009/w7191e/w7191e00.htm
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Mayhew, R Schooner specimen shells Available at - http://www.schnr-specimen-shells.com/

Page last updated on:2010-05-24

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